oral path 3xam 3/3

  1. a trait or characteristic that is manifested when it is carried by only one of a pair of homologous chromosomes
  2. the appearance of the face
  3. an individual with two different genes
  4. an individual having identical genes
  5. permanent change in the arrangement of genetic material
  6. entire physical, biochemical, and physiologic make-up of a person
  7. set of signs or symptoms, or both, occurring together
  8. a pair of chromosomes with an identical extra chromosome
  9. science that studies inheritance and expression of inherited traits
  10. hereditary units that are transmitted from one generation to another
  11. single strand (DNA – double)
    sugar is ribose
    base uracil (U) replaces thymine (T)
    RNA (ribonucleic acid)
  12. blueprint of the genetic DNS for coding of proteins
    Messenger RNA
  13. transfers amino acids from the cytoplasm to the messenger RNA, positioning amino acids in the proper sequence to form polypeptides and hence proteins
    Transfer RNA
  14. combines with several polypeptides to form ribosomes
    Ribosomal RNA
  15. found within the nucleus and is the precursor of messenger RNA
    Heterogeneous RNA
  16. known as “Down’s Sydrome”
    Trisomy 21
  17. Most frequent
    Facies characterized by slanted eyes (facies – appearance of the face)
    Usually shorter, heart abnormalities present in more than 30%
    Fissured tongue
    Premature loss of teeth are common – due to increase in gingival and periodontal disease – about 90%
    Gross Chromosomal Abnormalities
  18. multiple abnormalities in various organs
    70% of infants die within 1st 7 months of life
    Trisomy 13
  19. micropthalmia
    small eyes
  20. anopthalmia
    no eyes
  21. * polydactyly of hands and feet
    supernumerary digits
  22. bottom feet
  23. Female phenotype (make-up and looks)
    short stature
    webbing of the neck
    edema of the hands and feet
    low hairline
    chest is broad with wide-spaced nipples
    aorta is frequently abnormal
    sparse body hair
    ovaries are usually not developed
    Turner's Syndrome
  24. Genetically XXY chromosomal pattern
    Male phenotype – not detected until after puberty
    Taller than normal, wide hips, and female pubic hair distribution
    50% gynecomastia – development of female breasts
    Klinefelter’s Syndrome
  25. tramsmitted vertically from one generation to the next
    Autosomal dominant inheritance
  26. a decrease in the number of circulating neutrophils
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oral path 3xam 3/3
oral path 3xam 3/3