chapter 14

  1. formation of antibodies and lymphocytes after exposure to an antigen
    acquired immunity
  2. depression or suppression of the immune system after exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus marked by opportunistic infections, secondary neoplasms and neurologic problems
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS
  3. masses of lymphatic tissues in the nasopharynx
  4. substance capable of causing a specific hypersensitivity in a body; an antigen
  5. abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen
  6. exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to foreign protein or other substance
  7. protein produced in the bloodstream by lymphocytes in response to a specific antigen, such as a bacterium or toxin. antibodies destroy or weaken antigens
  8. intense allergic reaction, influence by hereditary tendency or predisposition
  9. chronic disabling disease caused by the abnormal production of antibodies to normal body tissues, multiple sclerosis and lupus erythematosus are examples
    autoimmune disease
  10. lymph node under the arm
    axillary node
  11. a lymphocyte that originates in bone marrow and transforms into a plasma cell to secrete antibodies
    B cell
  12. helper T cells that carry the CD4+ protein antigen on their surface
    CD4+ lymphocytes
  13. type of immune response that involves Tcell lymphocytes. these lymphocytes act directly on antigens to destroy them
    cell- mediated immunity
  14. lymph node in the neck
    cervical node
  15. protein that aids ells to destory antigens.
  16. T-cell lymphocyte that directly kills foreign cells
    cytotoxic cell
  17. a type of macrophage that captures antigens and presents them to cells for destruction
    dendritic cell
  18. test to detect anti-HIV antibodies in blood. this is a screening test for AIDS
  19. lymphocyte that aids a B-cell lymphocyte in recognizing antigens and stimulating antibody production
    helper T cell
  20. malignant tumor of lymphatic tissue in the spleen the lymph nodes
    hodgkins disease
  21. virus that causes AIDS
    human immunodeficiency virus HIV
  22. type of immune response in which a B cell lymphocyte transforms into a plasma cell and secretes antibodies
    humoral immunity
  23. abnormal condition characterized by an exaggerated response of the immune system to an antigen
  24. syndrome of spleen enlargement and destruction of red blood cells
  25. the bodys capability to resist foreign organisms and toxins that can damage tissue and organs
    immune response
  26. laboratory test that separates immunoglobulins
  27. antibodies secreted by B-cell lymphocytes
  28. blocking or turning off the normal immune response
  29. use of immunologic techniques to treat disease
  30. lymph node in the groin region
    inguinal node
  31. anti-viral proteins secreted by lymphocytes
  32. proteins that stimulate the immune system including B and T cell lymphocytes
  33. fluid that fills the spaces in between cells
    interstitial fluid
  34. malignant tumor of skin and connective tissue; associated with AIDS
    kaposi sarcoma
  35. fluid that circulates within lymph vessels and lymph nodes
  36. tiny lymph vessels that carry lymph through the body
    lymph capilaries
  37. mass of stationary lymphatic tissue along the path of lymph vessels
    lymph node
  38. carry lymph throughout the body
    lymph vessels
  39. inflammation of lymph nodes
  40. disease of lymph nodes
  41. abnormal collection of fluid in tissue spaces caused by obstruction of lymph vessels and backflow of lymph
  42. white blood cells that develop primarily in lymph nodes and the spleen and fight against foreign organisms
  43. deficiency of lymphocytes
  44. increase in numbers of lymphocytes in the bloodstream
  45. organs containing and derived from lymphatic tissue; spleen, thymus gland, and lymph nodes
    lymphoid organs
  46. malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymphatic tissue
  47. formation of lymphocytes
  48. large phagocyte found in lymphatic tissues and connective tissues; derived from a monocyte
  49. lymph node in the mediastinum
    mediastinal node
  50. antibody produced in a laboratory to attack specific antigens
    monoclonal antibody
  51. malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
    multiple myeloma
  52. persons own genetic ability to figh toff disease. includes phagocytes and lymphocytes such as natural killer cells
    natural immunity
  53. lymphocyte that recognizes and destorys foreign cells by releasing proteins called cytokines
    natural killer cell
  54. malignant tumor cells found in lymph nodes and spleen
    non-hodgkin lymphoma
  55. infectious diseases associated with AIDS toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis, herpes simplex, and pneumocytosis carinii pneumonia
    opportunistic infections
  56. B cell lymphocyte that secretes antibodies
    plasma cell
  57. drug used to treat AIDS by blocking production or protease, an enzyme that helps HIV to reproduce
    Protease inhibitor
  58. virus that makes copies of itself using the hosts cells DNA a process that is the reverse of the normal replication mechanism in cell HIV is a retrovirus
  59. drugs used to treat AIDS by blocking an enzyme needed to make copies of HIV
    reverse transcriptase inhibitor
  60. receives lymph from the right side of the body and empties lymph into a vein in the neck
    right lymphatic duct
  61. organ adjacent to the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells
  62. removal of the spleen
  63. enlargement of the spleen
  64. lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T cell lymphocytes
    suppressor T cell
  65. lymphocyte originating in the thymus gland and destroys antigens by direct action or production of cytokines such as interferons and interleukins
    T cell
  66. large lymphatic vessel in the upper chest
    thoracic duct
  67. removal of the thymus gland
  68. malignant tumor of the thymus gland
  69. lymphoid organ in the mediastinum that produces T cell lymphocytes and aids in the immune response
    thymus gland
  70. masses of lymphatic tissues on either side of the back of the mouth
  71. pertaining to a toxin, which is a poison or harmful substance
  72. poison or harmful substance
  73. introduction of vaccine to produce immunity. it is a type of acquired immunity
  74. weakend or dead antigen is administered to induce production of antibodies resulting in immunity
  75. measures the amount of HIV in the blood stream
    viral load test
  76. weight loss and decrease in muscle strength , appetite, and mental activity that occurs with aids
    wasting syndrome
  77. specific test to detect presence of anti- HIV antibodies in the bloodstream
    western blot
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chapter 14
chapter 14