4/6 MC

  1. One of two bony prominences near the head of the femur
  2. Six skeletal system functions
    • 1. Support
    • 2. Protection
    • 3. Movement
    • 4. Blood formation
    • 5. Mineral storage and balance
    • 6. Detoxification
  3. Fatty, blood-forming tissue in the cavities of long bones
  4. 7 factors that affect bone growth
    • 1. Genes
    • 2. Nutrition
    • 3. Exercise
    • 4. Mineral Deposition
    • 5. Mineral Resorption
    • 6. Vitamins
    • 7. Hormones
  5. 3 forms of protection provided by the skeletal system
    • 1. The skull protects the brain
    • 2. The vertbral column protects your spinal cord
    • 3. The rib cage protects your heart and lungs
  6. 4 components of the skeletal system
    • 1. Bones
    • 2. Cartilage
    • 3. Tendons
    • 4. Ligaments
  7. A term that refers to the same disease process as rickets
  8. Forcible separation or tearing away from the bone
  9. Cells that produce the matrix of new bone tissue are called
  10. What determines the classification of bones?
  11. What is the name of the bone that articulates with the tibia to form the ankle joint?
  12. -cyte
  13. What is the location of the popliteal fossa?
    In the hollow of the back of the knee
  14. Joints that have sutures between the bones occur in what part of the body?
    The skull
  15. Medical term for the thigh bone?
  16. Incomplete dislocation when some contact between joint surfaces remains
  17. What is the larger bone of the lower leg and correct spelling
  18. Large, smooth, rounded expansion of the end of a bone to form a joint with another bone
  19. Cartilaginous joints exist at the end of what kinds of bones?
  20. Where is the acetabulum located?
    At the hip joint
  21. To repair a fracture of the bone back into alignment by pulling on the distal end
  22. When a fragment of a fractured bone breaks the skin, or when a wound extends to the site of the fracture
    Open fracture
  23. In a greenstick fracture what has occured to the bone?
    There is a partial fracture, one side breaks the other bends
  24. 4 steps of the healing process
    • 1. blood vessels bleed into the fracture forming a hematoma
    • 2. Osteoblasts move into the hematoma and start to produce new bone called a callus
    • 3. Osteoblasts produce immature lacy cancellous bone that replaces the callus
    • 4. Osteoblasts continue to produce bone cells. They are compact bone and fuse the bone segments together
  25. Medical term for collarbone
  26. Where is he acromion located?
    The lateral end of the scapula
  27. In general the blood supply to bones is
    via blood vessels that travel through canals
  28. What type of fracture occurs when the bone is broken but the skin is not?
    Closed fracture
  29. A term that refers to the fluid in the joints of the arms and legs
    Synovial fluid
  30. What is the name of the joint that connects the condyle of the mandible to a fossa in the temporal bone at the base of the skull
    Temporomandibular joint
  31. What is the opposite of hypertopthy
  32. How many bones make up the vertebral column?
  33. What is the abbreviation for drugs such as ibuprofen?
  34. What is the difference between a muscle strain and a muscle sprain?
    • A strain results from the buildup of lactic acid in muscles
    • A sprain it the strech or tear of a ligament
  35. What is a condition that is characterized by the varying degrees of weakness of he skeletal muscles and is considered to be a chronic, autoimmune disease?
    Myasthenia gravis
  36. How many bones are in the human skull?
  37. In the term syndesmosis what dose the suffix mean?
  38. 5 functions of the skeletal muscle system
    • 1. Movement
    • 2. posture
    • 3. Body heat
    • 4. Respiration
    • 5. Communication
  39. True statements of skeletal fibers
    Narrow and long, Up to 1 1/2 inches in length, Each muscle fiber has a thin layer of connective tissue around it, *Bundles of fibers are grouped together into fascicles*
  40. How is the body positioned when it is prone?
    Lying on the fround face down
  41. In the word atrophy what dose the prefix mean and what does the suffix mean?
    • a - without
    • -trophy nourishment
  42. Scoliosis is
    An abnormal spinal curvature
  43. The term fascia comes from a latin word that means
    A band
  44. Condition caused by the breakdown and eventual destruction of cartilage in a joint
  45. 4 muscles used to chew food
    • 1. Masseter
    • 2. Temporalis
    • 3. Medial Pterygoid
    • 4. Lateral Pterygoid
  46. What part of the skull is formed by the parietal bones?
    The bulging sides and the roof of the cranium
  47. 4 common disorder of the shoulder
    • 1. Rotator cuff tears
    • 2. Shoulder separation
    • 3. Shoulder dislocation
    • 4. Shoulder subluxation
  48. Where are the zygomatic bones located?
    The cheeks, below the eyes
  49. 4 functions of the pelvic girdle
    • 1. Supports the axial skeleton
    • 2. transmits the body's weight through to the lower limbs
    • 3. Provides attachments for the lower limbs
    • 4. Protects the internal reproductive organs
  50. Where do the muscles that support the hip joint and move the thigh orginate?
    On the femur
  51. Necrosis
  52. What is the muscle found on the back of the arm?
    Triceps brachii
  53. The most frequent cause of flexor tendon injuries of the hand is
  54. What is the most commonly injured ligament in the knee and what is the caue?
    • The anterior cruciate ligament
    • The cause is hyperflexoin
  55. What is the role of the patella
    Increase the strength of extension of the knee joint
  56. Where is the radius located?
    In the forearm on the thumb side
  57. In the word fibromyalgia what dose the suffix mean?
    -algia = pain
  58. Carpal tunnel syndrome develops as a result of inflammation and swelling of
    Tendon sheaths
  59. What 4 organs are protected by the axial skeleton?
    • 1. Brain
    • 2. Spinal cord
    • 3. Heart
    • 4. lungs
  60. What is the term for intercellular substance that hold tissue together?
  61. What condition develops on the front of the wrist as a result of inflammation and swelling of the tendon sheaths arising from overuse or repetitive movements?
    Compression of the median nerve between the carpal bones and the retinaculum
Card Set
4/6 MC
the same