1. What are some techniques leaders may use during the directive approach to counseling?
    Corrective training

  2. What FM covers counseling?
    FM 6-22 Appendix B
  3. What are the characteristics of effective counseling?
    · Purpose: define reason for counseling

    • · Flexibility: adjust counseling style to
    • subordinate

    · Respect: view each subordinate as unique

    · Communication: two-way communication. Listen more than you speak.

    • - Support: encourage subordinates while guiding
    • them.
  4. What are the 3 approaches to counseling?
    · Directive

    · Non-directive

    - Combined
  5. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Directive Counseling.

    · Quickest

    · Counselors actively use their experience

    · Good for people that need clear direction


    · Subordinate not part of solution

    · Treats symptoms not problems

    - Discourages subordinates from talking freely
  6. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Non-Directive Counseling.

    · Encourages maturity

    · Encourages open communication

    · Develops personal responsibility


    · More time consuming

    - Requires greatest counselor skill
  7. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of combine counseling?

    · Moderately quick

    · Encourages maturity

    · Encourages open communication

    · Counselor can use their experience


    - Too much time for some situations
  8. What are the 3 major categories of developmental counseling?
    · Event

    · Performance

    - Personal growth
  9. What are some examples of event counseling?
    · Crisis counseling

    · Separation Counseling

    · Promotion Counseling

    - Reception and Integration Counseling
  10. What areas would you cover in Reception and Integration Counseling?
    · Chain of Command

    · Organizational standards

    · On and off duty conduct

    · Soldier programs

    · Security issues

    · Off limit areas
  11. What are the 4 stages of the counseling process?
    · Identify the need for counseling

    · Prepare for counseling

    · Conduct counseling

    - Follow up
  12. What are the steps required to prepare for counseling?
    · Select suitable place

    · Schedule time

    · Notify subordinate in advance

    · Organize information

    · Outline counseling components

    · Plan counseling strategy

    - Establish atmosphere
  13. A counseling session consists of what 4 basic components?
    · Open the session

    · Discuss the issues

    · Develop a plan of action

    - Close and record the session
  14. What is counseling?
    Process leaders use to review a subordinates performance and potential
  15. What are some counseling techniques leaders may explore during the non-directive and combine counseling approaches?
    · Suggesting alternatives

    · Advising

    · Persuading

    - Recommending
  16. How many human needs are there?
    4: Physical, Social, Security, Higher
  17. What is tact?
    Knowing what do to or say to maintain good relations with others and to avoid offense.
  18. What is the objective of counseling?
    For one person to help another.
  19. What are the 7 steps to problem solving?
    · ID the problem

    · Gather info

    · Develop criteria

    · Generate possible solutions

    · Analyze solutions

    · Compare solutions

    - Implement solution
  20. What is communications?
    Exchange of ideas from one person to another.
  21. Leaders should seek to develop and improve what 3 counseling skills?
    · Active Listening

    · Responding

    - Questioning
  22. To insure that they understand the message sent to them, the receiver should send back what to the transmitter?
  23. What are the qualities of an effective counselor?
    · Respect subordinates

    · Empathy

    · Self-awareness

    · Cultural awareness

    - Credibility
  24. In communications, your exchange of communications has 3 important parts. What are they?
    · Message

    · Content

    · Context
  25. Name some conditions that make for good discipline.
    · High standards

    · Loyalty to supervisors and subordinates

    · Tough Training

    · Competitive activities

    - Open communication
  26. What course of action should a supervisor take when a subordinate has been performing below his/her standards?
    · Council about substandard performance

    · Attempt to define the problem

    · Afford opportunity and time to solve the problem

    - Make a written statement of counseling
  27. What are the stresses that influence behavior?
    · Fear

    · Hunger

    · Illness

    · Anxiety

    - Fatigue
  28. By neglecting the welfare of your soldiers, you will probably do what?
    Lose their respect, loyalty, cooperation.
  29. What form is used for counseling?
    DA Form 4856 E
  30. When is the directive approach to counseling likely to be used?
    When time is short, when the leader knows what to do, when the soldier has limited problem solving skills.
  31. Is it a requirement that a leader council his subordinates?
  32. Is performance counseling limited to bad performance?
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