In order to obtain a learner's permit in Virginia, you must be at least ____.
15 years & 6 months old
The penalty for anyone less than 20 who is convicted of his/her first demerit violation is ____.
mandatory driver improvement class
The minimum age to receive a driver's license in Virginia is ____.
16 & 3 months
If you are less than 18, you will receive your permanent license from ____.
Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court
The minimum amount of liability insurance needed to satisfy the financial responsibility law in Virginia is ____.
Vehicles registered in Virginia must be inspected ____ .
once a year
There is a national network to coordinate organ distribution.
If you drive on the public roads of Virginia, you must submit to an alcohol or drug test when requested. This is known as the _____ law.
A driver with a learner's permit is limited to _____ passengers under the age of 18.
A driver's license expires ____.
on the licensee's birthday in ages divisible by 5
Under the _____ law, persons less than 21 may lose the privilege to drive if they have a BAC of .02 or above.
The type of license which will allow a person to drive a large truck or a van designed for 16 or more passengers is a ____.
The uninsured motorist fee provides you with minimal insurance coverage in the event of a crash.
The minimum age for a licensed driver accompanying a driver with a learner's permit is ____.
21 or 18 (if immediate family member)
In Virginia, you must have a special license to drive a motorcycle.
An applicant for a learner's permit must score _____ on the signs test.
There are plenty of donated organs to meet the needs of all patients.
You are covered by your parents' insurance policy while driving with a learner's permit.
Your decision to become an organ donor should be ____.
recorded on your driver's license and discussed with your family
Each year over _____ persons are killed in highway-rail crashes.
It takes a train going 50 mph approximately _____ to stop safely.
1 1/2 miles
When an emergency vehicle approaches you using a siren, you should _____ .
pull over to allow a clear path for the emergency vehicle
The crossbuck is considered the same as a _____ .
Most railroad crossing crashes are the result of _____ .
A train's speed _____ .
will appear slower than it is
When you approach a school bus with flashing red lights from either direction, you.
may proceed only if there is a median between you and the bus
A yellow line (solid or broken) in the center of a roadway indicates
two way traffic
If the foot brake fails, the parking brake may be used to stop the vehicle.
The basic color for construction signs is
Red signs indicate
prohibitive or stop
flashing amber light
proceed with caution
flashing red light
stop- go when the way is clear
steady green light
go if the way is clear
steady amber light
red light is coming clear the intersection
stop- remained stop
protected turn/ go in direction of arrow.
You should signal at least_____ before you turn or change position.
An important point to remember in skid control is
do not brake and look where you want the vehicle to go and steer in the direction you want to go
Use of a lower gear may be helpful when going up or down steep grades.
It is illegal to pass on the right in Virginia under any circumstances.
You must park at least_____ feet from a fire hydrant.
According to Virginia law, you must turn into
the first open lane going in your direction
If your tire loses pressure while you are driving, you should
keep a firm grip on the steering wheel with both hands and release the accelerator pedal slowly
When parking downhill with a curb,
turn the wheels toward the curb
The use of cruise control is helpful on slippery roadways.
The correct method of steering through a turn is
A solid line indicates
General warning signs are
You are required to dim your headlights when you are within_____ feet of an approaching vehicle.
The speed limit in school, business and residential areas is
When using the accelerator and brake pedal, the heel of the foot should remain on the floor.
The steering wheel should be adjusted upward towards the face.
Which of the following is NOT a necessary step when approaching a vehicle?
check tire tread depth with a penny
When the mirrors are set correctly, there is no need to check blind zones.
Locking the door ensures that they will not fly open during a crash
The lap belt should be adjusted to fit snugly _____.
across the hips
The head restraint should be adjusted
just above the ears
The side view mirrors should be adjusted to the contemporary (BGE) mirror setting, which means the driver can see _____.
the vehicles in the lanes beside his/her vehicle
When seated properly, the driver should be at least _____ inches from the steering wheel.
To adjust the side view mirror for the BGE mirror setting, the driver should sit in the driving position.
Tire pressure should be checked _____.
The driver should set accessories before putting the vehicle in drive.
The rearview mirror should be adjusted to frame the back windshield.
Preventative maintenance _____.
is the routine care you give your vehicle
Driving with the hands in the 8 o'clock and 4 o'clock position _____.
reduces excessive steering and helps protect the driver from airbag injuries and improves vehicle stability
When seated properly, the driver's chin should be above the steering wheel.
The oil should be changed every _____.
3000 - 5000 miles
The following is the correct procedure for securing a vehicle:
•set parking brake
•place gear selector in park
•turn off accessories
•turn ignition off, lock ignition and remove key
•remove occupant restraints
•check traffic and exit vehicle
the turn signal will always cancel after a turn.
All vehicles have adjustable head restraints.
gears below drive, provide more engine power.
When backing, the driver should turn the steering wheel to the right in order to back to the left.
Pedal extensions are available to allow short drivers to maintain a safe distance from the steering wheel.
Safety experts recommend the use of headlights whenever the vehicle is moving.
Position one on the ignition switch allows you to use accessories with the engine off.
Head restraints are designed to help reduce _____.
When the daytime running lights are in use, the tail lights are not on.
Cruise control _____.
allows a driver to select and travel at a set speed and works at speeds above 25 mph and should not be used on slippery surfaces
The horn should NOT be used to _____.
When securing the vehicle, the parking brake should be set before placing the vehicle in Park.
If the driver needs to adjust the defroster, he/she should place the steering hand at the top of the steering wheel temporarily.
The steering technique best suited for maintaining vehicle balance is _____.
push/pull/feed (hand to hand)
One hand steering is recommended _____.
Braking just short of lockup is known as _____.
Braking results in weight transfer _____.
Weight transfer from side to side is known as _____.
If understeer occurs, weight should be transferred to the _____.
Vehicle balance is maintained through _____.
precise steering and smooth acceleration and controlled braking
Acceleration results in weight transfer _____.
One method of determining correct distance from the steering wheel is _____.
by extending the arm over the steering wheel until to top of the steering wheel is in line with the wrist joint
Ideal vehicle balance is reached when _____.
the vehicle is stationary
if your vehicle is not equipped with ABS, hard controlled braking should be done _____.
prior to evasive steering
Steering input to the left will result in weight transfer _____.
The steering technique best suited in limited space maneuvers is _____.
hand over hand
Weight transfer forward or backward is known as _____.
With the BGE mirror setting, _____.
a vehicle passing should appear in the sideview mirror before it leaves the rearview mirror and glare from the lights of a passing vehicle is reduced and a vehicle will appear in the drivers peripheral vision before leaving the sideview mirror
The BGE mirror is always the best mirror setting.
What is the best lane position for a right turn?
Reference points are necessary _____.
to judge your vehicle's position and because there are areas around the vehicle which cannot be seen from the driver's seat
If there is a restriction within your line of sight, it is known as _____.
Blindzones are greatly reduced by the use of contemporary mirror settings.
The vision used to judge depth and position is _____.
Line of sight is _____.
the distance you can see ahead in the direction you are looking
Reference points are the same for all drivers.
In the contemporary mirror setting, the side view mirror is set to see the lane next to your vehicle.
Blind spots are areas you cannot see in either your mirrors or peripheral vision
When the pavement line or curb appears to run through the middle of the vehicle's hood, the vehicle is _____.
3-6 inches from the curb
Your target should be _____.
a fixed object ahead and. located in the center of your path of travel and 20 - 30 seconds ahead
The pavement area in front of the vehicle which cannot be seen by the driver is about 3 car lengths.
If the front bumper is 3-6 inches from the curb line, the line of sight will extend from the driver _____.
through the front window (near the mirror)
To correctly adjust the left side view mirrors, the driver will need to place his/her head against the side window
When driving, you should _____.
look at least 20 sec. ahead and check your rearview mirrors and check your sideview mirrors
One hand steering is acceptable when backing the vehicle.
When coming to a stop, it is a good idea to tap your brakes before applying full pressure to let others know what your intentions are
The reference point for stopping 6 inches from a curb is over the right headlight.
It is not necessary to stop when pulling out of a driveway if there is no traffic.
To back to the right, the driver will need to steer left.
The accepted procedure for backing straight is to place the left hand on the steering wheel at the 12 o'clock position and look over the right shoulder.
When backing and turning, you should look in the direction you are turning.
It is not necessary to signal if you are pulling to the curb to stop.
the pivot point for backing and turning is the door post.
When stopping on the right side of the road, you need to position your vehicle in lane position 3.
PUT IN ORDER:
check traffic 3
keep foot firmly on the brake 1
use proper signals 4
select the proper gear 2
recheck traffic including the mirrors and blind spots 6
select a gap 7
move to proper lane 9
release the parking break 5
move foot from brake to accelerator 8
The average field of vision is 125 degrees.
As speed increases, more steering input is need for vehicle response.
Average foot reaction time is _____.
The distance needed for steering around an object is shorter than the distance needed to brake for the object at speeds over 25.
Your visual lead time should be _____.
The vision used to judge depth perception is _____.
If the line of sight and the path of travel are not the same, you should reduce your speed.
Your field of vision is _____.
what you can see while looking ahead
When traveling 50-55 mph, a _____ following interval is recommended.
A driver should establish a visual search pattern to identify potential risk situations.
To read signs, you need good _____.
A driver uses his/her _____ vision to detect the motion from the sides.
Which vision is first affected by fatigue, drugs and speed?
The visual search pattern includes _____.
the visual lead area and line of sight and path of travel
Most crashes involving teen drivers result from improper search.
Which lane position provides maximum space within the lane on each side of the vehicle?
lan pos. 1
Steering around an object is an example of _____.
The decision-making process in driving is known as _____.
Developing a procedure for driving tasks will help ensure performance at the habit level with acceptable performance.
Experts believe it takes _____ positive performances to create a lasting habit.
Looking for potential hazards is known as _____.
Most crashes occur _____.
new drivers can usually develop good habits quickly.
Drivers preparing to turn left can help communicate this intention by using _____.
lane position 2
Determining whether a pedestrian may step into your path of travel is an example of _____.
When driving, you should look _____.
ahead and behind and to the sides
Habit levels of performance mean that the tasks are done in a sequence without thinking about them.
Drivers who have developed basic maneuvering skills are usually considered good drivers.
Young drivers do not need as much space around the vehicle as they have quicker reaction times.
Risk compensation involves _____.
recognizing potential errors and making appropriate adjustments
In city traffic, a driver often makes _____ decisions per mile.
Risk is always present.
Risk acceptance is a natural part of driving.
Visibility, space and time are the driver's best defenses against risk.
Driving behavior is based on risk perception rather than actual risk.
Two factors the driver cannot control in risk management are the roadway and environment.
Studies indicate that drivers who do not wear safety belts tend to take more risks while driving than drivers who do wear safety belts.
There are _____ basic areas of operating space around a vehicle.
You should look _____ seconds ahead of your vehicle for an open path of travel.
SEEit is a _____.
space management system, decision -making process, process judgment level of driving
In the SEEit system, execute means _____.
to carry out your plan
Drivers need a space management system because _____.
they often do not perceive the risks that are present, they do no anticipate potential problems
The area around your vehicle that you can see while looking straight ahead is the _____.
field of vision
SEEit stands for _____.
search, evaluate, execute in time
A vehicle turning left with a green light _____.
must yield to oncoming traffic
When setting the driver's side view mirror using the contemporary (BGE) setting, the driver should _____.
lean his/her head against the left-side window. be able to see the lane beside the vehicle when sitting correctly to drive. be able to see a little of the vehicle in side view mirror when the head is leaned against the left-side window
You should signal at least _____ seconds before a turn
The proper position to begin a right turn is _____.
3 feet from the curb
While turning right, you should look _____.
at a target in your path of travel
Using contemporary mirror settings, space 4 would be seen _____.
in the driver's side view mirror
Traditional mirror settings should be used _____.
if the rear window view is blocked
The correct steering for turns is _____.
Whether using the traditional or the contemporary mirror settings, the rear view mirror should be adjusted _____.
to frame the entire rear window
When parallel parking to the right, steer hard right and move back until _____.
you are at a 45 degree angle. you can see the right headlight of the vehicle behind in your side view mirror
It is better to back out of traffic than to back into traffic.
A no left turn sign also prohibits a U turn.
When angle parking, the driver begins steering when _____.
when passenger's door passes the first line of the space
When choosing a spot for a turnabout, you should have at least _____ feet of visibility.
In limited space with no driveways available, you may need to execute a _____.
When parallel parking, you should begin about _____ feet from the vehicle you want to park behind.
When parking uphill with a curb, _____.
turn your wheels away from the curb
The difference between a two-point turn and a three point turn is that you must back up in a three-point turn.
In cities, U turns are allowed only at intersections.
The safest way to change direction is a U turn.
Backing into a driveway to turn around is known as a _____.
If the left front zone is closed and the right front zone is open, lane position _____ would be a wise choice.
The eyes don't tell the brain what they see - the brain tells the eyes what to look for.
The driver should search at least _____ seconds ahead of the vehicle for an open path of travel.
A 2 second following distance usually allows enough time to brake to a stop.
The space management system we will use is the _____.
Classifying traffic elements into four major groups helps organize a visual search pattern.
Staggered stop lines _____.
allow a wider turning radius and increase visibility
Braking distance and stopping distance are the same.
In zone control driving, the driver monitors _____ zones around the vehicle.
A vehicle positioned 6 inches from the left line is in lane position _____.
When an area around a vehicle is not available to the driver, it is called a _____.
To search effectively, drivers need to know _____.
where to look and what to look for and. how to evaluate what they see
Vehicle position is one method of communicating with other highway users.
Once you have reached the apex of a curve, you should _____.
Lane position 2 is recommended when approaching the crest of a hill.
To cross a two lane roadway at 30 mph takes a gap of about _____.
Intersections are the highest risk areas you will encounter when driving.
Excessive steering in a curve can result in either an understeer or oversteer skid.
A red traffic light is an example of _____.
a closed zone
To safely turn right and merge into traffic moving 55 mph, you will need a gap equal to about _____.
You should not drive more than _____ feet in a shared left turn lane.
It is illegal to pull into a shared left turn lane and wait for traffic to clear when executing a left turn from a driveway.
When stopped in traffic behind another vehicle, the driver should _____.
be able to see the rear tires of the vehicle ahead touching the pavement
Defensive drivers tap their brakes to warn traffic behind before stopping.
never enter an intersection until you identify an open space for your vehicle on the other side of the intersection.
Before turning right on red, the driver must _____.
stop.yield to pedestrians. yield to traffic approaching from the left
To safely pass another vehicle, start from a position _____.
2 secs back
It is not necessary to signal before returning to your lane after passing another vehicle
Without headlights, an approaching vehicle may not become visible until it is within 2500 feet
A vehicle traveling 40 mph will take about _____ to pass another vehicle traveling 30 mph.
When passing another vehicle on a two lane roadway _____.
you should not return to your lane until you can see the front of the vehicle being passed in your rear view mirror
It is legal to pass a stopped school bus if there is a median between your vehicle and the bus.
In which of the following areas is it illegal to pass another vehicle?
hills. curves. railroad crossings
When determining a safe passing area, you must take into account the closing rate of approaching vehicles.
It is illegal to pass on the right of another vehicle.
A vehicle traveling 40 mph, is going approximately _____.
60 feet per second
An alternate route that travels around the city begins with an even number.
Many signs on the expressway are designed to breakaway when hit by a vehicle.
Non-motorized vehicles are allowed on expressways.
Expressways are designed so that traffic that is entering or exiting has separate lanes from faster moving traffic.
What is the maximum speed limit on rural expressways in Virginia?
Expressways move vehicles in a fast efficient way.
Expressways usually have how many lanes going in one direction _____.
two or more
A red X over a lane means _____.
travel in that lane is prohibited
The following is a characteristic of an expressway _____.
a median separates opposing lanes of traffic.no cross traffic. high speed
The solid yellow line on any roadway should be on the driver's left.
Rumble strips are installed on the edge of roads to _____.
alert drivers who drift off the road
Interstate signs are _____.
shaped like a shield
HOV lanes are marked with _____.
Interchanges take the place of intersections on expressways.
Limited access highways _____.
have no traffic lights.are also known as expressways. have exits and entrances only at certain locations
An interstate route with even numbers travels north/south
On expressways the far right lane should be used by faster moving traffic.
Passing on an expressway includes special challenges for the novice driver including higher speeds, passing on right and left, and vehicles and drivers on both sides moving into the same lane.
You should increase your following distance on an expressway _____.
when weather conditions are bad. when following large trucks.when you are being tailgated
Driving with the flow of traffic is the best way to maintain a space cushion around your vehicle.
A lane in which vehicles exit and enter an expressway is called a(n) _____.
At expressway speeds, you should maintain a following distance of at least _____.
The correct procedure for changing lanes is _____.
check traffic ahead, behind and beside you, signal, select gap, check blind spots, adjust speed, steer smoothly into lane, cancel signal
When being passed on an expressway, a driver should be careful not to increase his speed.
If a driver mistakenly enters the wrong entrance ramp and is headed for the wrong destination he should _____.
continue on in that direction until he comes to the next exit
When exiting an expressway, it is important to _____.
plan your exit in advance. signal any changes in position. move to the lane nearest the deceleration lane (one half of a mile before the exit
The best way to be prepared for a blocked lane is to allow for an escape route to one side of your vehicle.
Ideally, a motorist should try to enter an expressway _____.
at the same speed as traffic already on the expressway
The correct procedure for entering an expressway is _____.
search ahead and behind for gaps in traffic, signal, adjust speed, merge and blend with traffic
Peripheral vision is affected by the speed of the vehicle.
You should increase your following distance when you are _____.
driving in inclement weather,being tailgated, following a tractor-trailer
It is usually OK to make a U-turn on expressways.
A dulled, drowsy, trance-like condition while driving is known as _____.
Increase your following distance when driving in bad weather.
The following should not be done on an expressway _____.
Drive in the right lane on expressways to avoid conflicts with other vehicles merging onto the roadway.
Driving in groups of vehicles or packs is a good idea, because there is "safety in numbers".
One way to avoid highway hypnosis is to open your car windows.
If you miss an exit, you should _____.
continue on to the next exit
Construction zones usually have slower speed limits even on expressways.
The following may be true of driving on expressways through large cities _____.
the speed of traffic flow may increase greatly
AAA is a good source of travel information.
DUI refers to _____.
drinking alcohol and driving, using prescription drugs and driving, using illegal drugs and driving
About 50% of the persons arrested for DUI are _____.
Driving under the influence is a _____.
traffic offense, criminal offense
Zero tolerance is the law in _____.
DUI-related crashes occur approximately every _____ minutes.
Reasons teen give for drinking alcohol include _____.
peer pressure, to have a good time, parents drink
One drink can impair your ability to be a safe driver.
In 2000, over 20% of the drivers between 15-20 years old who were killed in crashes were intoxicated.
In 1999, approximately _____ persons were arrested for DUI.
Between 10 p.m. and 2 a.m., one out of every _____ drivers is intoxicated.
Alcohol is _____.
The amount of food in your stomach slows the absorption of alcohol in the body.
One of the first things affected by alcohol is _____.
Time is the only effective way to lower the BAC.
BAC is _____.
blood alcohol concentration
When you operate a motor vehicle on Virginia's roadways, you have agreed to take a chemical test for alcohol if suspected of drinking and driving _____.
under the implied consent law
Exercise helps speed up oxidation of alcohol.
Drinking and driving is illegal at any age
The body rids itself of most of the alcohol consumed through _____.
Which of the following will not affect BAC?
Women do not process alcohol as well as men because _____.
limited production of an enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase
When attempting to compare alcohol beverages (beer, wine, whiskey), you must know the _____.
size of the drink and alcohol content of the drink
Drivers less than 21 with a BAC of .02 or above may lose their license _____.
under the zero tolerance law
If your BAC is .08 or more, your license will be automatically suspended for _____.
Long term use of alcohol can lead to cirrhosis of the liver.
Alcohol, when consumed, controls you.
Alcohol must be digested before entering the blood stream
It would take someone with a BAC of 0.05 approximately _____ to eliminate all the alcohol from the body.
3.5 hours - 4 hours
An alcoholic beverage which is 80 proof is _____.
As a person's BAC goes up, his/her field of vision is reduced.
Which of the following can affect driving ability?
illegal drugs, prescription drugs, over the counter drugs
A teenage driver with a BAC of .08 is _____ times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash than a sober teenage driver.
The effects of alcohol on the body are similar to the effects of _____.
When driving, risk is always present.
When alcohol and other depressant drugs are mixed the effect will be _____.
greater than the effect of the alcohol + the effect of the drug
BAC levels as low as .03 have been show to affect _____.
judgment,vision,ability to predict and decide
Most marijuana joints contain about the same amount of the drug THC.
The second drug most often found in drivers involved in crashes is _____.
You can be charged with DUI when under the influence of prescription or over the counter drugs.
Most medications for colds or allergies will not affect driving ability.
The use of marijuana often affects the driver's ability to keep the vehicle in the lane.
If you feel fatigued while driving, the use of a stimulant is recommended to increase your alertness.
When taking prescription drugs, _____.
check with the doctor or pharmacist for side effects
A drug is defined as _____.
any substance that changes the way the body or brain works
The trigger for aggressive driving is most often _____.
Which of the following is NOT a good method of handling an aggressive driver?
use you horn to alert him/her of your presence
You can get a ticket in Virginia for aggressive driving.
The most common group of drivers who commit road rage is _____.
18-26 year old males
Cicadian rhythm fatigue is a result of _____.
the body's natural "down time"
The best remedy for driving fatigue is _____.
Frequent lane changes, high speed, and tailgating are signs of aggressive driving.
If you see others making driving errors, you should point out the mistakes to them.
Young people do not need to concern themselves with fatigue and driving as their energy level is higher than older people.
When aggressive driving escalates to violence, it is called road rage.
Dirty headlights can reduce visibility up to 90%.
The use of cruise control can help control a vehicle in snow.
Overdriving your headlights means _____.
you cannot stop in the distance illuminated by your headlights
One method for reducing glare at night is _____.
clean your windshield
If a driver is blinded by the lights of an oncoming vehicle, he/she should _____.
reduce speed, look to the right, glance briefly ahead
The use of the air conditioner will help defog interior windows.
Virginia law requires the use of headlights whenever the windshield wipers are in use.
In fog, you should use _____.
low beam lights
Bridges freeze before road surfaces.
A wet roadway is most slippery _____.
when the rain first begins.
Approximately _____ % of our driving clues depend on vision.
When driving at night with low beam headlights, the maximum safe speed is _____.
If you suffer from night blindness _____.
you should not drive at night
is caused by a buildup of water between the tires and road surface, results in loss of steering, results in loss of braking
Dust or sand storms _____.
can reduce visibility to 1/2 mile, strike with little warning, often damage oil and air filters
When driving through water, stay close to the shoulder.
Hydroplaning occurs when _____.
a film of water builds up between the road surface and the vehicles tires
Before starting a vehicle in snow, check to be sure the exhaust system is clear.
The recommended antifreeze/water mixture is _____.
As more streets and parking lots are built, flooding problems will increase.
A driver can lose control of a vehicle in 6 inches of water.
Buffeting results from _____.
To dry wet brakes, you should _____.
brake gently using your left foot while accelerating with your right foot
Nearly _____ of all flash flood fatalities are vehicle related.
A danger of driving through deep water is _____.
the roadbed may be washed away and your vehicle may stall.
Kitty litter can help the tires gain traction on slick surfaces.
Bridges and overpasses can be even more hazardous during cold weather because _____.
these surfaces freeze before other road surfaces.
When driving into a headwind, you may need to _____.
Tire pressure increases as the tires get hot.
Removing the radiator cap is advisable as it will help release steam and cool an overheated engine quicker.