African American History Chapter 18

  1. League of Nations and African Americans
    What military event made the League of Nations' limitations painfully clear to African Americans?
    Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia
  2. What 1938 event did African Americans revel in as a gain for "the race" as well as for the U.S.?
    when Joe Louis defeated Max Schmeling for the World Heavyweight crown
  3. Who wrote to President Roosevelt and stated that African Americans would no longer "silently endure the insults and discriminations imposed on its soldiers and sailors in the course of the last war"?
    Charles Hamilton Houston
  4. What best describes the racial policies in the U.S. industrial plants that shifted from domestic to war-related production early in the war?
    unabashedly racist
  5. What issue brought a delegation of black leaders that included Walter White, Mary McLeod Bethune, A. Philip Randolph, and Lester Granger to meet with Roosevelt in April 1941?
    desegregating the military and defense industries
  6. Who called for an all-black march on Washington in 1941 with the aim of emboldening African Americans with a sense of their own power and also to preclude communist infiltration and dominance?
    A. Philip Randolph
  7. In September 1944, how many black soldiers were in the U.S. Army?
    about 700,000
  8. Why didn't more black nurses serve in the U.S. armed forces?
    The Army Nurse Corps had a quota on black nurses, and it remained low throughout the war.
  9. Where was the first training center for black pilots?
    Tuskegee, Alabama
  10. When did the Secretary of the Navy announce the Nay's plan to accept enlistment of blacks for general service and as noncommissioned officers?
  11. Which branch of the armed forces practiced considerably less segregation and discrimination than any of the other branches?
    the Merchant Marine
  12. Who was Private Felix Hall?
    a black soldier who was lynched, while wearing his uniform, and found hanging from a tree at Fort Benning, Georgia
  13. What segregationist policy did the Red Cross follow?
    "Black blood" was kept separate from "white blood" so there would be no "cross-contamination."
  14. What did Executive Order 8802 do?
    created the Fair Employment Practices Committee
  15. When did the Fair Employment Practices Committee become a permanent organization?
  16. How did the black migration of the 1940s compare to other black migrations in the U.S.?
    It was larger than any before it.
  17. In June of 1943, the most serious race riot of the war years broke out in what city?
  18. Who wrote A Rising Wind, an account of visits to the war fronts which contained revelations of racial injustice that caused even more determined efforts to fight for a double victory?
    Walter White
Card Set
African American History Chapter 18
Chapter 18 answer to certain topics on Student edition