The fourth caliph, cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad.
Arabic for “the god”. Muslim teaches submission to him.
The foundation of living and obligations that all Muslims recognize.
The last pillar. The pilgrimage to Mecca.
Muhammad’s migration from Mecca to Medina.
Submission and peace.
Arabic for “struggle”. Refers to the obligation of all Muslims to struggle against error and idolatry.
Arabic for “cube”. The central shrine of Islam.
Muhammad married her and her wealth allowed him freedom for private spiritual discipline and reflection on the spent time meditating in the hills surrounding Mecca.
Once called Yathrib. “City of the Prophet”.
Place of worship or bowing down. Also called masjid.
Prophet who received Allah’s final and definitive revelation.
One who submits.
Arabic for “recitation”. Holy book. Direct word of Allah.
The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar that Muslims believe is when Muhammad received his first revelation.
The Party of ‘Ali. The smaller of the two major movements within Islam. Rightful succession to the Prophet Muhammad.
The mystical movement in Islam. It refers to the wooden garments worn by early members of the school to demonstrate their distain for worldly things.
The Way of Tradition. The larger of the two Islamic families. Committed to following the faith and practice established by Muhammad and the four “righteous caliphs”.
Important terms within the Islamic religion