What artery is the main arterial supply of the upper extremity?
What is the lateral border of the subclavian artery?
lateral border of the first rib
What artery extends from the lateral border of the first rib to the inferior border of the teres major?
What arteries form an anastomosis around the surgical neck of the humerus?
humeral circumflex arteries
What artery extends from the inferior border of the teres major to its bifurcation in the cubital fossa?
What artery supplies the triceps brachii and other posterior structures of the brachium?
deep brachial artery
What are the two main arteries of the forearm?
ulnar & radial artery
What artery of the forearm is readily palpated for a pulse?
What are the two anastomoses that lie within the palm and supply the hand?
superficial palmar arch & deep palmar arch
What are the two groups of veins in the upper extremity?
superficial & deep
What superficial network of veins lies on the dorsum of the hand?
dorsal venous arch
What superficial vein runs adjacent to the medial surface of the upper extremity?
What superficial vein runs alongside the lateral aspect of the upper limb?
The cephalic vein drains into what vein?
What vein joins the cephalic and basilic veins in the cubital fossa?
median cubital vein
What network of deep veins drains the hand?
palmar venous arches
What deep veins run parallel to the main arteries of the forearm?
radial & ulnar veins
The deep veins of the forearm converge to form what vein?
What deep vein is formed by the convergence of the brachial and basilic veins?
What vein has the lateral border of the first rib as it's lateral border?
The convergence of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein forms what vein?
The convergence of the brachiocephalic veins form what vein?
superior vena cava
What blood vessel is the main arterial supply of the lower extremity?
external iliac artery
What structure marks the superior border of the femoral artery?
What are the borders of the femoral triangle?
inguinal ligament, sartorius & adductor longus
What makes up the floor of the femoral triangle?
What artery supplies the hip joint and the posterior structures of the thigh?
deep femoral artery
What is the inferior border of the femoral artery?
hiatus of the adductor magnus
What major artery lies posterior to the knee?
The popliteal artery bifurcates into what two arteries?
anterior & posterior tibial arches
What arter supplies the anterior compartment of the leg?
anterior tibial artery
What artery supplies the posterior compartment of the lef?
posterior tibial artery
What artery supplies the lateral compartment of the leg?
Of the three arteries supplying the compartments of the leg, which can be palpated for a pulse?
Where can it be palpated?
posterior tibial artery
posterior to the medial malleolus
What artery can be palapted on the dorsum of the foot just lateral to the first metatarsal?
dorsalis pedis artery (dorsal pedal artery)
What superficial vein originates on the medial side of the ankle and extends from there along the medial surface of the lower extremity to the femoral triangle where it drains into the femoral vein?
great saphenous vein
What superficial vein extends from the lateral ankle to the popliteal region where it drains into the popliteal vein?
small saphenous vein
The anterior tibial vein and the posterior tibial vein converge to form what vein?
What is the proximal border of the popliteal vein?
hiatus of the adductor magnus
What vein extends from the hiatus of the adductor magnus to the inguinal ligament?
What vein extends from the inguinal ligament to the merger of this vein with the internal iliac vein?
external iliac vein
What vein is formed by the convergence of the external and internal iliac veins?
common iliac vein
The common iliac veins merge to form what vein?
inferior vena cava
What blood vessel carries blood away from the right ventricle of the heart?
The pulmonary trunk bifurcates into what two blood vessels?
What blood vessels carry blood from the lungs to the heart?
What structure carries blood from the placenta to the fetus?
What structure shunts blood away from the liver and toward the inferior vena cava of the fetus?
What structure allows blood to be shunted from the right atrium to the left atrium of the fetus?
What structure shunts blood from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta of the fetus?
What blood vessels carry blood from the fetus to the placenta?
The umbilical vein of the fetus becomes what structure after birth?
round ligament of the liver
The umbilical arteries of the fetus become what structures after birth?
medial umbilical ligaments
The ductus arteriosus becomes what structure after birth?
The foramen ovale becomes what structure after birth?
The circulatory system has two main components. What are they?
cardiovascular system & lymphatic system
What are the closed-ended tubes which are found among blood capillary networks and which work to collect excess interstitial fluid?
What structures of the lymphatic system resemble veins in that they have three tunics and valves?
What lymphatic organs are connected to lymph vessels and work to filter foreign or pathogenic material from lymph?
What structure collects lymph from the right upper extremity, the right side of the head and neck, and the right side of the thorax and returns it to the blood at the junction of the right internal jugular vein and the right subclavian vein?
right lymphatic duct
What structure collects lymph from the left side of the head and neck, left upper extremity, left thorax, and all body regions inferior to the diaphragm?
What rounded, saclike structure lies at the base of the thoracic duct?
What are large clusters of lymphatic cells and extracellular matrix that are not completely surrounded by a connective tissue capsule and form a ring of lymphatic tissue around the pharynx?
What lymphatic organ lies posterior to the manubrium and anterior to the aorta in the superior mediastinum?
What are small, round or oval structures that are located along the pathways of lymph vessels?
What lymphatic organ is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen, inferior to the diaphragm and adjacent to ribs 9-11?