Anatomy Quiz 4

  1. the three gluteal muscles, in order, from most superficial to most deep are:
    gluteus maximus, gluteus medius and gluteus minimus
  2. gluteus maximus
    extends the hip joint during walking uphill (changing the level of the body) but not during walking on a flat surface
  3. gluteus medius
    abducts and medially rotates the femur
  4. gluteus minimus
    acts as a medial rotator of the thigh joint
  5. sciatic nerve
    major nerve that runs through the gluteal region
  6. six deep lateral rotators:
    1) piriformis, 2) obturator internus, 3) obturator externus, 4) quadratus femoris, 5) gemellus superior and 6) gemellus inferior
  7. greater trochanter
    most common insertion place of the six deep lateral rotators
  8. iliotibial tract/fascia lata
    deep fascial band that runs from the ilium to the tibia
  9. the semimembranosus and semitendinosus
    are two medial hamstrings which attach to the tibia at their lower end (ischial tuberosity pelvis to tibia)
  10. biceps femoris
    is the lateral hamstring muscle which attaches to the fibula at its lower end (ischial tuberosity pelvis to fibula)
  11. ischial tuberosity of the pelvis
    where all three hamstrings attach to at their upper end
  12. the primary action of the medial thigh muscles:
    is to adduct the femur
  13. the four medial thigh muscles that cross only
    the hip joint (one-joint muscles) are the:
    pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor longus and adductor magnus
  14. pubis
    the feature of the pelvis that provides the upper attachment of the medial thigh muscles
  15. linea aspera
    the feature of the femur that provides the lower attachment of the medial thigh muscles
  16. the four muscles that join in common insertion via the quadriceps tendon are the:
    rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius and vastus medialis
  17. vasti muscles
    the three quadriceps muscles that only cross the knee joint and extend the knee
  18. rectus femoris
    crosses both the thigh and knee joints, and both flexes the hip and extends the knee (anterior inferior iliac spine to tibia)
  19. sartorius
    the two-joint muscle of the anterior thigh that does not participate in the quadriceps group; also called the quadriceps tendon and patellar ligament (anterior superior iliac spine to tibia)
  20. the muscles located on the anterior lower leg:
    anterior tibialis, extensor digitorum longus, and extensor hallucis longus
  21. "peroneal" muscles
    fibularis brevis and fibularis longus; located in the lateral compartment of the lower leg
  22. muscles located on the posterior lower leg:
    gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, popliteus, flexor digitorum longus, and flexor hallucis longus
  23. all the anterior leg muscles are _________ of the _______
    dorsiflexors; ankle
  24. all the lateral leg muscles (___________ muscles) are _________ of the _______
    fibular/peroneal; everters; ankle
  25. anterior tibialis
    dorsiflexes the ankle and inverts the foot
  26. achilles tendon
    attaches the gastrocnemius, soleus and plantaris to the calcaneus
  27. gastrocnemius
    is a two-joint muscle; performs knee flexion and ankle plantarflexion (posterior femoral condyles to Calcaneus via Achilles tendon)
Card Set
Anatomy Quiz 4
ankle, thigh, bone