BN 14

  1. Hypernatremia
    High sodium level
  2. Hypovolemic
    Low blood voulme
  3. Intracellular Fluid ( ICF )
    • Fluid within the cells
    • 40% of body weight
  4. Extracellular Fluid ( ECF )
    Fluid surrounding the cells
  5. Three Hormones regulate fluid intake
    Antidiuretic Hormone

    Renin-Angiotensin-Aldostrone Mechanism

    Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
  6. Antidiuretic Hormone
    Prevents diuresis causing the body to retain water
  7. Renin-angiotensin aldosterone mechanism
    Responsible for sodium and water retention which restore the blood volume

    Keeps BP up to restore life
  8. Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
    Fluid and electrolyte balance
  9. Isotonic Dehydration
    Equal loss of all fluid components and is the most common type of fluid volume deficit.
  10. Hypotonic
    Concentration is less than the blood plasma causing cells to swell
  11. Hypertonic
    Concentration is greater than the blood plasma causing cell to shrink
  12. Potassium Rich Foods!!!
    Raw carrots, Bananas, Milk, Bread, Tators, Cantaloupe, Apricots, Oranges, Raw Tomatos
Card Set
BN 14
Fluid and Electrolytes