Cyclical physiological process that alternates with longer periods of wakefulness? There are 2 stages, name them?
NREM - contributes to body tissue restoration
REM - where dreams occur (vivid)
This form of sleep contributes to body tissue restoration?
This form of sleep is where dreams occur (vivid) dreams and is important for functionoing, learning, processing, and adapting to stressors in life?
The 24-hour day/night cycle/rhythms that influence the pattern of major biological and behavioral funtions is called your?
This clock synchronizes sleep cycles?
What does your biological clock do?
Synchronizes sleep cycles
Define the stages in NREM?
Stage 1 - lightest sleep/easy to arouse
Stage 2 - sound sleep/relaxation
Stage 3 - deepest sleep/difficult to arouse
Stage 4 - vivid full color dreaming/90 min after sleep cycle
This stage of REM is the lightest sleep stage, lasts minutes, and the individual gradually has their vital signs fall. They are easy to arouse, name this stage?
This stage is sound sleep and relaxation. The individual progresses easily into sleep as their vitals gradually fall, they are easy to arouse, it lasts 10-20 minutes and body functions begin to slow...name this stage of sleep?
This stage of sleep is the deepset stage of sleep. The individual is difficult to arouse, the cycle lasts 15-30 minutes and vital signs significantly lowers. This is the stage where sleepwalking and bedwetting sometimes occur?
This stage of sleep the individual experiences vivid full color dreaming. It occurs 90 minutes after sleeping. This is called the REM stage of sleep where loss of skeletal muscle/gastric secretions increase and the individual is difficult to arouse. The stage lasts 20 minutes on average...name this sleep stage?
Urination at night, dirupts the sleep cycle, is called?
Disruption in adults of either quantity or quality of sleep is called?
Involves the use of EEG, EMG, and EOG machines to monitor stages of sleep in wakefulness during the nightime sleep. This machine is called a?
Chronic difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings from sleep and/or a short sleep or nonrestorative sleep is called?
Practices clients associate with sleep (worry, anxiety, stress) is called?
This disorder is characterized by lack of airflow through the nose and mouth for periods of 10 seconds or longer during sleep, what is it called?
Name the 3 kinds of sleep apnea?
1. Central sleep apnea (CSA)
2. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
4. Mixed sleep apnea (MSA)
This form of sleep apnea is where there is a dysfunction in the brain's control over the respiratory center during sleep?
Central Sleep Apnea
This form of sleep apnea affects 10-15% of middle adults; muscles or oral cavity of the throat relax during sleep obstructing airway (this can also happen in postmenopausal women and children); snoring and restless sleep is a symptom?
Obstructitive Sleep apnea
This is a dysfunction of mechanixms that regulate the sleep and wake states; REM occurs w/in 15 min of falling asleep. This can occur anytime of day - a wave of sleep comes over a person?
This is a sudden muscle weakness during intense emotions such as anger, sadness or laughter - occurs anytime of the day is called?
This is a problem clients experience a s a result of dyssomnia (causes include fever, difficulty breathing, pain, emotinal stressors, medications and evironmental disturbances). This is?
This form of insomnia is experienced as a result of situational stress such as family, work, school problems, jet lag, ilness, and loss of a loved one?
This type of insomnia is a misalignment of timing of sleep and is what the individual desires or is the societal norm?
This type of insomnia is an undesirable behavior that occurs usually during sleep?
What can OSA cause physiologically in a client?
decline in arterial oxygen saturation
places them at risk for cardiac dysrythmia
can cause right-sided heart failure
can cause pulmonary hypertension
can cause angina attacks
can cause stroke
can cause hypertension
A young adult needs how many hours of sleep? Spend how much time in REM? What are common components that disrupt sleep?
6-8.5 hours of sleep
Stress of jobs, family, social life
A middle adult needs how many hours of sleep? What is the total hours spent in REM sleep? What are common components that disrupt sleep/
6-8 hours (more on the lower end - time spent sleeping declines)
REM sleep begins to fall (Stage 4)
Insomnia is commone
What is the total number of hours needed for older adults sleep? How many hours are spent in REM? What are common components that disrupt sleep?