AP Human Geography Unit 2

  1. measure of total population relative to land size
    Population Density
  2. The population of a country expressed as an average per unit area
    Arithmetic Population Density
  3. number of people per unit area of agriculturally productive land
    Physiological population density
  4. Descriptions of locations on the Earth's surface where individuals or groups live
    Population Distribution
  5. huge urban agglomerations
  6. amount of time it takes for a population to double
    doubling time
  7. the number of live births per year per thousand people in the population
    Crude Birth Rate
  8. the number of deaths per year per thousand people
    Crude Death Rate
  9. Stages of the Demographic Transition
    • 1. Low-growth stage
    • 2. High-growth stage
    • 3. Moderate-growth stage
    • 4. Stationary-stage
  10. Low Growth Stage
    high birth and death rates
  11. High Growth Stage
    high birht rate and declining death rate
  12. Moderate Growth Stage
    declining birth rate and low death rate
  13. Stationary Stage
    low birth and death rate
  14. the difference betweenthe number of births and the number of deaths
    Rate of natural increase
  15. the number of babies that die during the first year of their life
    Infant Mortality Rate
  16. amount of deaths of children between ages 1 and 5
    child mortality rate
  17. the number of years someone is expected to be alive
    life expectancy
  18. afflictions of middle and old age people, often reflecting higher life expectancies
    Chronic diseases
  19. policies that encourage large families and rate of natural increase
    Expansive population policy
  20. population policies that favor one particular racial of cultural sector of the population
    Eugenic population policy
  21. policies that seek to reduce the rate of natural increase
    Restrictive population policies
  22. monies that migrants send home to their family
  23. movement in short periods away from home
    Cyclic movement
  24. Movement that involves longer periods away from home
    Periodic Movement
  25. when movement results in permanent relocation across significant distances
  26. a daily routine or a regular sequence of short moves within a local area
    activity spaces
  27. type of cyclic movement that is seasonal
  28. typeof periodic movement which involves people seeking areas for work
    migrant labor
  29. specialized form of periodic movement, a system of pastoral farming where ranchers move livestock according to availablity
  30. movement across country borders
    International migration/external migration
  31. migration that occurs within a single country's borders
    Internal Migration
  32. the imposition of authority or power, producing involuntary movements that cannot be understood based on theories of choice
    Forced Migration
  33. occurs after a migrant weighs options and choices
    Voluntary migration
  34. Ravenstein's Laws of Migration
    • 1. Every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration
    • 2. The majority of migrants move a short distance.
    • 3. Migrants who move longer distances tend to choose big-city destinations.
    • 4. Urban residents are less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas.
    • 5. Families are less likely to make international moves than young adults.
  35. predicts the interaction between places on the basis of their population size and distance between them.
    Gravity model
  36. conditions and perceptions that help the migrant decide to leave a place
    Push factors
  37. things that attract the migrant to a different location
    Pull factors
  38. the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
  39. migration in a series of stages
    step migration
  40. the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attactiveness of sites farther away
    Intervening opportunity
  41. when a migrant chooses a destination and writes, calls, or communicates through others to tell family and freinds at home about the new place
    Chain migration
  42. place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentration of paying jobs and infrastructure
    Islands of Development
  43. a person who has a well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.
  44. people who have been displaced within their own country
    internal refugee
  45. people who have crossed one or more international borders during their move and encamped in a country other than their own.
    International refugee
  46. individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from entering a country
    Selective immigration
Card Set
AP Human Geography Unit 2