HLTH 377

  1. 19th Century Influences on Sexuality
  2. Dr. Sylvester Graham thoughts on sex and sexuality:
    • He suggested that sex caused to much stress for man's nervous system.
    • He also suggested that health problems can be caused by marital excess.
    • 1 oz of semen is equal to 40 oz of blood.
    • He also recomanded that males ejaculate no more than 12 times a year.

  3. John Kellogg:
    • He founded health spa battle creek
    • He also believed in healthy diet
    • John was obsessed with bowel movement and health
    • Espoused abstinences
    • Developed list to ID masterbators
  4. Dr. William Acton:
    • He believed that woman had little sexual feeling or interest
    • He also suggested that woman should avoid spasmodic convulsions during sex
    • Dr . Acton also suggested radical treatment for spermatorrhea which was a syringe that was put in man's penis filled with hot water
  5. What is spermatorrhea?
    It is a disorder of excessive involuntary ejaculation.
  6. What is Jugum penis?
    This is a device that is used to stop young male from touching themselves.(1880-1920)
  7. Richard von Krafft-Ebing:
    • He was a german born psychiatrist and a person who contributed the most significant medical writes on sexology in the late 19th century.
    • His interest was deviant sexual behavior and he believed that deviant sexual behavior was the result of engaging in non-reproductive sexual practices.( he published the first book to examine atypical sexual behavior: sadism, masochism,fetishism)
    • He also blamed masturbation for all sexual ills
  8. Sigmund Freud:
    • He was a big name on psychology( Austrian psychiatrist)
    • He legitimized sexuality research
    • He had a tought on mature( only way female can orgasm is with penis penetration) vs. immature orgasm
  9. Henry Havelock Ellis:
    • English anthropologist
    • He suggested that masturbation is a common practice
    • He also suggested that sexual orientation existed in degrees
    • He said that woman's libido is strong as men's
    • He performed studies on psychology of sex and he was objective and non.judjemental
  10. Alfred Kinsey:
    • He is the most influential sex researcher of the 20th century.
    • He talked about masterbation in his book.
    • For his research he developed an interview method but there was a problem with his sample that it could not be generalized since the sample was western and educated
  11. Sex in America:
    • There was a need for current data on teen sexual behavior
    • They were interested to look into social and behavior aspect of fertility related behavior.
    • This book was a most recent book discussing sexual matters.
  12. Who has the highest rate in teen pregnancy?
    US follwowed by UK and Canada. The lowest rates are France , Sweden and Holland has the lowest rate.
  13. What did Masters and Johnson look into?
    They were the first modern scientist to observe and measure the act of sexual intercourse in the lab. The first study they published was called the human sexual response.
  14. Female and Male Reproductive Anatomy
  15. What are the parts participating in formation of the ovaries in females?
    • Hypothalamus: triggers development
    • GnRH
    • FSH: Follicate stimuating hormone
    • LH: Lutinizing hormone
    • Ovaries: Produces estrogen and progestrone
  16. What are some factors that has reduced the age in which females reach pubirty:
    • Diet
    • Stress level
  17. What are gonads?
    • gonads are sex organs
    • testies in male and ovaries in female
  18. What is a factor that determines menstruation in females?
    Body fat content
  19. What causes the secondary sex characteristics to appear?
    Hormonal changes
  20. What are some secondary sex characteristics for femals?
    • Menstruation
    • Breast
    • Pubic and underarm hair
    • Skin break out
    • Psychological changes
  21. Various types of Hymens include:
    • Annular
    • Septate
    • Cribiriform
    • Imperforate
    • Parus Interoitus
  22. What are females external sex organs?
    • Vulva or pudendum ( term used to refer to femal external sex organ)
    • Mons Pubis
    • Labia Majora ( outer lips)
    • Labia Minora( inner lips)
    • Clitoris
    • Perenium
    • Uretheral Arifice
    • Hymen
    • Bartholin Glands
    • Perineum
  23. What are female internal sex organs:
    • Vagina
    • G-spot
    • Uterus
    • Cervix
    • Fallopian Tube
    • Ovaries
  24. Vulva :
    Is made of the Mons Pubis, Labia Majora and Minora, The Vestibule, the Perineum and the Clit. Vagina is the internal sex organ.
  25. Labia Majora:
    • Two longitudinal folds of fatty tissues that extend from the mons.
    • Frames the rest of the female genitalia and meet at the perineum.
    • Outer skin is pigmented and covered with hair.
    • Inner surface is hairless and contains sebaceous glands.
    • During sexual intercourse Labia majora fills with blood and engorge.
    • This structure is homolouge to the male scortum.
  26. Labia Minora:
    • Smaller pink folds
    • Situated between Labia majora and the vestibule.
    • The folds are more delicate, shorter and thinner than the labia minora.
    • They also form the hood over the clit and are rich in sebaceous glands.
    • This structure contains some erectile tissue and serve to protect vagina and urethra.
    • During arousal labia minora will darken.
  27. The Clitoris:
    This structure is an erectile tissue located under the prepuce and the labia.
  28. The Vestibule:
    Is the name for the entire region between the labia minora.
  29. Urethral arifice:
    The opening to the urethra. Urethra is shorter in women compared to men.
  30. Hymen:
    The thin fold of vascularized mucous membrane at the vaginal opening.
  31. Bartholin glands:
    These glands were believed to produce lubrication however this is not true. the ducts of this gland empty into the vestibule in the middle of labia minora.
  32. How is the lubrication produced?
    The lubrication is produced by sweating of the mucosal lining.
  33. Vagina:
    • The primary organ of the sexual intercourse
    • Way for the exit of the menstrual flow
    • Enterence of the sperm
    • Serves as the birth canal
    • The acidic pH of the vagina keeps bacteria under control
    • Vagina extends from cervix of the uterus to the external genitalia.
    • First third of the vagina contains lots of nerve endings and is highly vascularized.
  34. What is the purpose of the hood of clitoris?
    • It buffers direct contact
    • Helps reducing friction in sexual contact
  35. G.spot:
    • It is a spot about a size of a dime in the lower third of the front part of the vagina.
    • Sensetive to stimulation
    • It has been argued that G.spot is similar to prostate.
  36. Uterus:
    • Thick walled hollow muscular organ between the bladder and the rectum
    • It is the shape of an inverted pear
    • Changes in the uterus cause menstruation and it nourishes and protect the fetus.
    • Provides contraction for expulsion
    • the wall is one inch thick and is made of three layers( perometrium,myometrium and endometrium )
  37. Cervix:
    The lower portion of the uterus
  38. What layer of the uterus falls every month?
  39. Fallopian tubes(oviducts):
    • Extend laterally from the sides of the uterus
    • Infundibulum are the pet shaped ends
    • At the end are finger projections that curl around the ovary which are called fimbrae.
  40. Ovary:
    Is the structure that produces the ova and secretes hormones.
  41. What are the functions of the PC muscles?
    • They make child birth easier
    • Help with better sexual experiance
  42. PID:
    It can be developed if STI specially chlymedia goes untreated. fallopian tubes get infected
  43. Ectopic pregnancy:
    When the embryo starts developing in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
  44. PMS:
    A group of physiological and psychological symptoms related to the post ovulation.
  45. What is the difference between PMS and PMDD?
    PMDD is most deabilitation and sever form of PMS.
  46. How are testies developed in men?
    • Hypothalamus
    • GnRH
    • FSH
    • ICSH
    • Testies
  47. Testies:
    Produce androgen which produces groups of hormones most imprtant one is testostrone. Females also produce testostrone which gives them libido.
  48. Male external sex organs include:
    • Penis
    • Glans penis
    • Foreskin
    • The root
    • Scortum
  49. Male internal sex organs include:
    • Testicals
    • Epididymis
    • the ejaculatory pathway which includes:
    • Vas deferens
    • Seminal vesicles
    • Ejaculatory duct
    • Prostate gland
    • Bulbourethral gland
  50. Penis:
    • Contains glans and the root
    • It is composed of three cylinders. like clitoris contains erectile tissues that fill with blood and cause erection.
    • Where clitoris is only made of two spongy muscles of corpora cavernosa, penis has an additional spongy tissue called corpus spongiosum that contains urethra.
  51. Glans penis:
    Is made of the corona and the frenulum and the meatus which is the urethral opening at the opening of the penis.
  52. Foreskin:
    Fold of skin that covers the glans penis and called the prepuce
  53. The root:
    enters the bodu just below the pubic bone and it is attached to the internal pelvic muscle.
  54. Scortum:
    • Contains testicles and there is a thin layer of tissue separating the sacs.
    • It is designed to regulate testicular temperature.
    • Presence of sweat glands and the cremaster muscle helps it contract and expand.
  55. Testicles:
    • Having one testicles lower then the other helps them slide over instead of crushing together.
    • The main functions are:
    • Spermatogenesis
    • Testostrone production.
  56. Seminiferous tubules:
    Is the structure that produce and store sperms
  57. Vas deferens:
    • One of the two tubes that convey the sperm from the testes and in which other fluids are mixed to create semen.
    • To sterilize a men this tube would be cut.
  58. Seminal vesicle:
    • The fluid that is made here comprise 70% of male semen.
    • Make the semen alkeline
    • It also provide fructose which is the nutrient needed for the sperm
  59. Ejaculatory duct:
    Tube that transports spermatozoa from the vas deferens to the urethra
  60. Prostate gland:
    • Produces men's 30% semen
    • It also provides more alkelinity to neutralize the acidity of the vagina.
    • It is located at the base of the bladder
  61. Bulbourethral gland(cowper gland):
    • One of a pair of glands located under prostate gland on either side of the urethra that secrets fluid into the urethra.
    • It also produces pre-ejaculate.
  62. What is the difference between orgasm and ejaculation?
    Orgasm is the sensation where as ejaculation is leaving the seman from the body.
  63. Inguinal canal:
    Contains the spermatic cord
  64. Human Sexual Response
  65. What are some contributing factors that can have influance sexual response?
    • Genetic: this aspect plays a role for lower species. We are not genetically predisposed . We are more socialized to be turned on by certain things.
    • Hormones: Testostrone which is vital for libido
    • vasopressin which is the hug hormone
    • dopamine which is the love hormone
    • phermones
  66. Ceiling effect:
    Once you get certain amount of testostrone having more testostrone would not really matter.
  67. Eustrus:
    • Surge of estrogen where indicates that femals are ready to mate.
    • For animals hormone play an important role. emitting smell shows that they are ready to mate. Although in human they don't emit a smell on a 28 day cycle woman will ovulate on the 14th day suggesting they are ready to get impregnated.
  68. Prairie voles tends to be monogomous , what is the reason.
    The reason is that there is more vasopressin is present in their body
  69. What are phermones:
    • This is the signal for animals which is usually present in the animal's urine.
    • Phermones help regulate the menastrual cycle
    • human also excrete phermones mostly the under arm.
  70. Menstrual Synchrony:
    When women live in a group after awhile they would menstruate during same time.
  71. Erogenous Zones:
    • Parts of the body that are succeptible to stimulus
    • Primary: genital, breast, lips
    • Secondary: based on likes or dislikes
  72. Aphrodisiacs:
    • Something that increase libido such as oysters , chocolate
    • Alcohol is not an aphrodisiac it is a centeral nervous system depressent.
  73. What is learning:
    It is a modification of behavior as a result of experiance
  74. Psychosocial processes include:
    • Stanley Rachman:Person who came up with the classical conditioning
    • Male vs. Female in the erotica exoeriment: which was seen that men and woman respond the same to the sexual stimuli
  75. What is the difference between sexual fantasy in woman vs. men?
    • Woman tend to fantasize more about:
    • sex with current partner
    • Reliving past sexual experience
    • Engaging in different sexual positions
    • Having sex in rooms other then bedroom
    • Sex in carpeted floor
    • Men tend to fantasize more about:
    • Engaging in different sexual positions
    • Having an aggressive partner
    • Receiving oral sex
    • Having sex with new partner
    • Having sex on the beach
  76. Sexuality and Communication
  77. Koss 1988 advocacy research
    • She did advocacy research and the finding suggested that 1/4 of woman were sexually assulted and 1/5 were raped.
    • Her definition of sexual assult and rape were broad.
    • Gilbert assulted her findings because she inflated the numbers to make matters look more serious.
  78. Muehlenhard 1985:
    Did a study with undergraduate men to see if they felt ok to push a woman to have sex. The scenarios that they felt ok were if : a woman asked a man out. Women went to the men's house and men pays for everything.
  79. Malamuth 1986:
    He asked if man had a powert to not be accused of rape and don't get caught to push a woman to have sex they will do it.
  80. Sawyer 1993:
    • Men and women don't understand each other.
    • Woman seem to hold power of sex and they may have an idea how far they might go on the first date.
  81. What are some characteristics of friends with benefits:
    • It is different from one night stand because it is on going
    • It is not like cheating
    • They might like each other
    • 36% of friendship continues without sex
  82. Why Kaplan model was unique?
    • Because Kaplan included desire in the stages of sexual arousal
    • Desire: nonquantitative measure(Libido) nonphysical component
    • Excitment
    • Orgasm
  83. What are the components of Masters & Johnson sexual response:
    • Excitement: Initial rush
    • Plateau : ever increasing of sexual tension building up
    • Orgasm: shortest phase
    • Resolution
    • ** Refractory phase: Men's only they can't be restimulated.
  84. What is the most important factor for the refractory phase?
    Chronological age
  85. Exitedment:
    • 25% of men have sex flush which is darkining of skin
    • Muscle tension(myotoni)
    • Penil erection
    • 60% of men have nipple erection
  86. Plateau:
    • Myotonia continious
    • Testies increase in size by 50%
    • Carpus will produce pre-ejaculate
  87. Orgams:
    • Everything is in peak
    • Men will lose voluntary control for a sec
    • Increase in pressure in ejaculatory duct
    • 50% of male erection is lost within sec
    • Everything goes back to normal
  88. Contraception
  89. What is the most effective method of contraception:
  90. What are most popular methods of contraceptions used?
    • Implanon
    • IUD
    • Depo Provera
    • Oral
    • Condom/foam
    • Diaphram gel or cream
  91. What does term reversibility mean?
    How reversible is the method
  92. What does effectiveness of contraception depend on?
    • Theoratical vs. Actual effectiveness
    • Method vs. User Failure
  93. How does the pill work?
    • Estrogen helps prevent ovulation
    • Synthetic progestrine (progestin) in the pill helps prevent ovulation and also thickens cervical mucous
  94. What are different types of oral contraception:
    • Sequential ( 1 estrogen , 1 progesterone)
    • Combination
    • Triphasic ( have changing estrogen concentration, closely mimics body hormones)
    • Seasonale ( 84 active pills , get 4 periods a year)
    • Lybrel ( 365 actice pills)
    • Mini pills ( progestin only , given to women who are allergic to estrogen but does not work as well)
  95. Contraindications for using oral contraception:
    • Cancer history
    • Heart problem history
    • History of stroke
    • Migraines
    • Hyoertension
  96. What are some life threatning side effects of pill:
    • Increase risk for blood clot or stroke
    • Develope migraines
    • Heart attack
    • Smocking and pill can have synergetic risk
  97. What are some non-threatning side effects of pill?
    • Nausea
    • Weight gain
    • Acne
    • Reduce cramps
    • Mood swing
    • Decrease libido
    • Helps prevent ovarian cyst
  98. What are different types of emergency contraception:
    • Plan B
    • Ella
  99. Plan B:
    • Progestin only
    • Most effective if taken withing 72 hours
    • OTC 17 and older
  100. Ella:
    • Active ingredient is ulipristal
    • Effective if taken within 120 hours
    • Prescription only
  101. Contraceptive patch:
    • Combined hormones
    • Change patch every 7 days
    • After 3 patches 7 days w/o
    • Resume patch on day 29
    • Side effects similar to pill
  102. Nuvaring:
    • Combined hormones
    • Situated around the cervix
    • Left in place for 21 days
    • Removed on day 22 , new ring on day 29
    • Ring is infused with lowerst dose of hormone
    • Side effects are similar to those of pill, but if it moves out of place chance of pregnancy increases
  103. Implanon:
    • Good for 3 years
    • Plastic capsule that contains progestin only
    • More effective since there is a lack of user failure
    • Implanted under skin
    • Non of the methods mentioned so far protect against STD
  104. IUD:
    • Unclear how it works
    • Device placed in the uterus by practitioner
    • Can be left in for several years
    • Most common type used Mirena which is progestin only
    • IUD is the most common BC method in europe
  105. DepoProvera:
    • Injectable
    • Progestin only
    • Effective up to 12 weeks
    • Might delay fertility
    • Amenorrhea in some women
  106. Condoms:
    • True barrier method
    • Latex, lambskin ( transmit temp, and increase feeling, because of pores does not protect against STI), polyyurethane (for people with allergy)
    • Should be used with spermicide
    • Failure rate is usually by users
    • Move to create different sizes ( 1980 was era of condoms)
  107. Female condoms:
    • Made with poluurethane
    • Marked in US as reality
    • Failure rate not well documented
    • Tend to be noisy
    • Another barrier against STI
  108. Diaphragm:
    • Latex with spring rim
    • Fitted for size by practioner
    • Must be used with spermicide
    • Must be left in place for 6 hours after intercourse
    • Huge user failure
    • Have to have sex right away
    • Not a true barrier
  109. Contraceptive sponge:
    • Polyurethance sponge impregnated with spermacide
    • One size fits all
    • Must be left in place for 6 hours after intercourse
    • If there is a tear and left in vagina can cause TSS
  110. Natural family planning:
    • Basel body temperature
    • Cervical mucus
    • Computation
    • Takes great deal of motivation
  111. Pregnancy and Childbirth
  112. Infertility:
    • About 10-15% of couples are unable to have children
    • Approximately 40% of problems relate to male factor
    • 10-20% of couples will have no diagnosable cause of infertility
  113. Female causes of infertility:
    • Lack of ovulation, corrected by fertility drugs
    • Cervical mucous inpedes passage into uterus, can be corrected by several months of condom use
    • PID: blocked floppian tubes: caused by untreated STD and cause ectopic pregnancy
    • Endometriosis: when lining of the uterus inflamates
  114. Male causes of infertility:
    • Low sperm count
    • Usually high proportion of defective sperm
    • Poor motility( sperm should be able to swim for at least 2 hours after intercourse and 60% must be normal in shape)
  115. What is the normal sperm count?
  116. What are major causes of infertility:
    • Sperm
    • Egg and ovulation
    • Transport cervical mucous
    • Uterus
  117. Intrauterine insemination:
    • Ovaries stimulated to produce eggs
    • Sperm injected into uterus
    • Relatively cheap
    • Difficult to control how many eggs are fertilized
  118. In-vitro fertilization:
    • Fertilization occurs in the lab dish
    • Fertilized eggs placed in uterus 2 days after fertilization
    • More expensive and success rate of 15-25%
    • Highest chance is at first cycle
    • More cycles people go through less likely they are to get pregnant
  119. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT):
    • Ova and sperm are placed directly i nto fallopian tubes
    • Fertilization occurs in tube
    • Reported success rate fairly similar to in-vitro
    • Multiple births common
  120. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection:
    • Used when male has extremely low sperm count
    • Sperm injected directly into egg and then placed into the uterus
    • About 35% success rate but with birth defects
  121. Preimplantation Genetic diagnosis:
    Screening own embryo to find a genetic match to existing chind who may have a health problem
  122. Surrogate parenting:
    • Several variation of this model
    • Major legal problems have resulted in some countries banning forms of surrogate parenting
    • The law has not been abel to keep up with medical science
  123. What are phases of menstruation:
    • Proliferative phase
    • Secretory phase
    • Menstrual phase
  124. Proliferative phase:
    • Increase in FSH from pituitary( 20 egg folicles start to ripe)
    • Endometrium thickens
    • Graafian follicle stimulated
    • Level of ovarian estrogen peaks
    • Decrease in FSH( riping hormone) and increase in LH( after5/6 days)
    • Graafian follicle bursts open( because of increase in LH)
    • Cervical mucous more alkaline provides channel for sperm
  125. Secretory phase:
    • Corpus luteum in Graafian follicle secretes progestrone to maintain pregnancy
    • Endometrium thicker and richer
    • If fertilization occurs HCG produced after implantation
    • Corpus luteum continues to produce progestrone
    • Placenta will eventually take over from corpus luteum for progestrone production
  126. HCG is:
    Massenger that is only present in pregnant woman.
  127. What is the reason pregnant woman don't get period?
    Estrogen level is lower then progestrone
  128. Trophoblast cells of placenta:
    Produces cells that create hormone HCG
  129. Menstrual phase:
    • If no fertilization absence of HCG signals no pregnancy
    • Corpus luteum breaks and progestrone production ceases
    • Endometrium lining sloughs off
    • Pituitary releases FSH and cycle begins again
  130. When can pregnancy be detected?
    • One month after conception
    • Blood test: 8-10 days after conception
    • Urine test : takes longer depends on the test sensetivity
  131. Who determines the sex?
    Sex is determined by the male
  132. Turner's syndrome:
    • Unmatched X chromosome designated 0X
    • If fertilized by Y bearing sperm there is no survival
    • Externally female but lack internal development
    • No breast development and no menstruation
  133. Klinefelter's syndrome:
    • Ovum contains 2 X chromosomes XXY
    • If fertilized by X bearing sperm no survival
    • Anatomically male but undersized penis and testies
    • Often decreased libido and sterility
  134. Hermaphroditism:
    • 1) 2 testes or 2 ovaries and ambiguous external genitalia , female with oversize clit
    • 2) 1 testicle and 1 ovary and ambiguous external genitalia
  135. Shettles theory for having a girl:
    • Intercourse 2-3 days before ovulation
    • Precede intercourse by vinegar douche
    • Woman should avoid orgasms
    • Shallow penetration
    • Man on top
    • No prior abstinence
  136. Shettles theory for having a boy:
    • Intercourse should occur as close to ovulation
    • Precede intercourse by baking soda
    • Woman should try to achieve orgasm
    • Deep penetration
    • Rear
    • Prior abstinance
  137. What are the stages of development:
    • Zygote(fertilized egg)
    • Blastocyst(implants)
    • Embryo(1-3)
    • Fetus(4 to birth)
  138. Placenta:
    • 5 weeks after implantation system is well established
    • Placenta develops from trophoblast
    • Via the umbilical cord the placenta removes waste products and provides nutrients,oxygen and vitamins
    • Blood from mother does not flow directly into the baby
    • Placenta acts as screen
    • Some substances can pass cross the placenta( alcohol, nicotine,and drugs)
  139. What is the effect of cigarettes on developing baby:
    It causes vessels to constrict leading to lower volume of blood flow and ultimately less oxygen resulting in low birth weight
  140. What is the difference between low birth weight and premature?
    • LBW is less than 5.5 LBS
    • Premature is before 37 weeks
  141. What are some testing available during pregnancy?
    • Amniocentesis : test for fetal abnormalities, can't be used until 16 week, can cause spontaneous abortion
    • Chorionic villus sampling: test for fetal abnormalities, can be done around 10 weeks, removal of cells from around the placenta
  142. Fetal development :
    • Normally 40 weeks
    • 3 Trimesters
    • Average weight gain 25-30
    • Develops in amniotic sac: protection from infection and buffers infant in case of fall
  143. Braxton Hicks:
    • Start around 5 month
    • Mild short in duration
    • False labor
  144. What happens as woman gets closer to Delivery?
    • Shift of hormones after 7 month, increase in estrogen and decrease in progestrone
    • Duration of first labor is 16-24
  145. What are some methods that are used to ease delivery?
    • Epidural: slows down the delivery process since woman does not feel mid torso down
    • Lamaze: breathing tech
    • Episiotomy: cutting the perineum
  146. Why anastetics are not used to ease pregnancy?
    Because they will depress the baby's respiration
  147. What does Apgar score show?
    It indicates condition of baby
  148. What is prolactin:
    It stimulates milk production, it will decrease if woman does not breast feed due to lack of stimulation
  149. Why C. section is a popular method?
    • Because little complication can be used to sue the doctor
    • Young Dr. do not know any other methods
  150. What are benefits of breast feeding?
    • Protection agains disease
    • More digestable then cow milk
    • Less likely to cause food allergies
    • Contains less Na than formula
    • Inexpensive, convenient, right temp
    • Can facilitate weight loss
    • Can facilitate uterine shrinking
    • Promote emotional binding
  151. What are different types of love according to Eric Fromm?
    • Brotherly
    • Parental
    • Erotic
    • Self love
    • God(spirituality)
  152. According to Fromm what are some characteristics of love relationship?
    • Trust
    • Caring
    • Intimate knowledge
    • Respect
    • Responsibility
  153. How did Freud describe love?
    All love is derived from sex , it is always expression of sexual desire
  154. What is love according to Tennow:
    • Stage of limerance which cause an increase in :
    • Dopamine- pleasure hormone
    • Norepinephrine
    • Testostrone
  155. Attachment casue an increase in:
    • Vasopressing
    • Oxytocin
  156. What are colors of love according to Lee?
    • Eros: romantic lover looks for totall fulfillment and this love is unlikely to last
    • Ludus: the game player looks for seduction
    • Storge: quiet calm lover this love builds over time and likely to remain friends after break up
    • Mania: the crazy lover are possessive and dependent
    • Pragma: practical lover
    • Agape: the selfless lover , never jealous
  157. What are components of Sternberg triangular theory of love?
    • Passion
    • Intimacy
    • Commitment
  158. Friendship :
    When non of the components of triangular theory of love is present
  159. Liking:
    Intimacy is there but the other two components are missing
  160. Infatuation:
    Passion is present and the two other components are not
  161. Empty love:
    Commitment is there but none of the other factors
  162. Romantic love:
    Has Passion and intimacy
  163. Compationate love:
    Intimacy and commitment
  164. Fatuous love:
    Passion and commitment
  165. Consummate love :
    Has all three components
  166. What are the most common reasons for breakup?"
    • Jealousy
    • Excessive dependency
Card Set
HLTH 377