us history

  1. What was the first permanent English settlement in North America
  2. What year was Jamestown founded?
  3. What economic system did England use to control the 13 colonies
  4. Name the 3 reasons Europeans came to America
    Gold, God and Glory
  5. This group of people settled in Massachusetts. Who were they?
    Puritans or Pilgrims
  6. Puritans and/or Pilgrims came to American seeking what kind of freedom?
  7. This document was written by the Pilgrims and it stated that all colonists would follow the rules, what was the document
    Mayflower Compact
  8. What year was the Mayflower Compact written
  9. What are the three regions of the 13 colonies
    New England, Middle and South
  10. This region had hard rocky soil, long winters and relied on manufacturing
    New England
  11. This region was called the Breadbacket of the 13 colonies
  12. This region had long growing seasons and good ground for farming on large farms called plantations
  13. A crop grown to make money is called a?
    cash crop
  14. This colony was founded for debtors, what colony is it?
  15. This colony was founded by William Penn as a haven (place) for Quakers
  16. Who is credited with saving Jamestown from disaster
    John Smith
  17. Who founded Rhode Island?
    Roger Williams
  18. Who founded Connecticutt
    Thomas Hooker
  19. This colony was founded by Lord Baltimore as a place for Catholics
  20. What form of government is used when people elect someone to speak for them
    representative government
  21. What is the importance of the Mayflower Compact
    first social contract
  22. What was the first representative assembly in the 13 colonies
    Virginia House of Burgess
  23. What was the first written Constitution in the 13 colonies
    Fundamental Orders of Connecticutt
  24. What was the first war fought by the colonists and England versus the French?
    French and Indian War
  25. Waht was the main effect of the French and Indian war
    colonists had to pay off the war debt
  26. How did the King of England and British Parliament propose to make colonists pay?
  27. Tax on sugar
    sugar tax
  28. what is the term used to describe when colonists refuse to buy certain items
  29. How did colonist protest the sugar tax
    boycotts, smuggling
  30. this direct tax forced colonists to buy a stamp on all paper goods
    stamp act
  31. What was the colonial response to the stamp tax
    more violent protests, boycotts
  32. This event occured when colonists met in Boston to protest unfair taxation with the stamp tax
    Boston Massacre
  33. how many people died in the Boston Massacre
  34. What did the colonists use to increase anger against the British after the Massacre
  35. What document was written by Thomas Jefferson and sent to the king with a list of grievances towards the colonies
    The declaration of Independence
  36. What year was the Declaration written
  37. After the Boston Massacre the British removed all taxes except the tax on?
  38. What was the colonial response to the Tea Tax
    Boston Tea Party
  39. After the Tea Party the king of England passed the worst taxes on only Boston to make them pay for the tea, what tax was next
    Intolerable or Coercive acts
  40. Every time the King passed new taxes, what happened to the level of protests by the colonists
    more violent, more boycotts, more active, angrier, etc...
  41. Where did the event know as the "Shot heard round the World" occur?
    Lexington and Concord
  42. These battles showed George Washington's use of espionage, great courage, and great military tactics
    Trenton and Princeton
  43. What was the winter camp of George Washington?
    Valley Forge
  44. What was important about Valley Forge
    Our colonial army learned to fight
  45. what man wrote it only makes sense to want independence?
    Thomas Paine
  46. What book did Thomas Paine write
    Common Sense
  47. What was the turning point of the Revolutionary War
  48. Why is Saratoga the turning point?
    We won and France agreed to help us fight the British
  49. The last battle of the Revolutionary War
  50. What was the effect of the Revolutionary War?
    We now were free from England, land all the way to the Mississippi River
  51. What was the first national constitution
    Articles of Confederation
  52. The Articles gave more power to who? national or states
  53. What law created a system to create new states from all new territories in the Northwest Territories
    Northwest Ordinance
  54. This rebellion by farmers showed the Articles to be too weak?
    Shay's rebellion
  55. What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention
    To revise or fix the Articles
  56. What year was the Constitutional Convention
  57. What plan favored the large states and was based on a states population
    Virginia Plan
  58. what plan gave all states equal representation and favored the small states
    new Jersey Plan
  59. This compromised solved the issue of state's representation at the Convention
    Great Compromise
  60. The Great Compromse created how many branches of government
  61. What are the three branches
    legislative, executive, judicial
  62. what does the legislative branch do?
    makes laws
  63. What does the executive branch do and who runs it
    enforces laws, president
  64. who is responsible for ruling if laws are constitutional
    supreme court
  65. What houses did the Great Compromise create in the Legislative Branch
    • House
    • Senate
  66. What is the House of Representatives based on?
    States Population
  67. What is the Senate membership based on?
  68. What compromise settled the issue of Slavery at the convention
    3/5ths compromise
  69. What did Anti-federalists demand be added to the Constitution before they would ratify (approve) it
    Bill of Rights
  70. What group favored a strong national government
  71. What group feared that a strong president would turn into a King
  72. 2/3 vote in Congress + 3/4 vote in state legislatures =
  73. How does the Constitution meet the changing needs of society?
  74. the first 10 amendments are called the?
    Bill of Rights
  75. What individual freedoms are protected in the first amendment
    press, religion, speech, petition, assembly
  76. What is it called when people are free to meet in groups to protest the government?
  77. What is freedom of speech?
    the right to protest government
  78. 2nd amendment
    right to bear arms
  79. Why did our founding fathers include the 3rd amendment
    because the king put soldiers in colonist's houses
  80. Which amendment protects against unreasonable search and seizures?
  81. Due process is the rights of the accused and is protected by which amendment
  82. All criminals are allowed what type of trial in the 6th amendment
    fair and speedy
  83. 8th amendment protects us against
    cruel and unusual punishment
  84. The president can veto laws by the legislature, what is this an example of
    checks and balances
  85. name at least 3 ways the 3 branches check each others powers
    • president veto
    • legislative over-ride of veto
    • supreme court - judicial review
  86. why is their separation of powers?
    to make sure no branch gets too powerful
  87. we elect representatives to work on government's laws, what is this?
  88. The 3 branches can only do what is written in the constitution, they are restricted, what is this type of government
  89. "We the People" have the power, what is this?
    popular sovereignty
  90. How do the people control the government
    we vote
  91. The national and state governments each have their own unique and sometimes share powers. What is this called
  92. Name one thing the national governal can only do
    • Declare war
    • make treaties
  93. name one thing that only the states can do
    • marriage
    • education
    • speed limits
  94. name one thing that the national and state governments can do
    make laws
Card Set
us history
From Jamestown to the Creation of our national Constitution