Respiratory System

  1. alveoli
    tiny air sacs at the end of each bronchiole
  2. anosmia
    lack of sense of smell
  3. anoxia
    condition of no oxygen
  4. aphonia
    no voice
  5. apnea
    not breathing
  6. asphyxia
    lack of oxygen that can lead to unconsciousness and death
  7. aspiration
    refers to withdrawing fluid from a body cavity using suction
  8. asthma
    disease characterized by constriction of the bronchial airway, difficulty breathing, coughing and wheezing
  9. atelectasis
    collapsed lung
  10. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  11. bronchiectasis
    dilated bronchus
  12. bronchioles
    narrowest air tubes in the lungs
  13. bronchitis
    inflammation of a bronchus
  14. bronchodilator
    relaxes muscle spasms in bronchial tubes
  15. bronchogram
    record of the bronchus
  16. bronchoplasty
    surgical repair of a bronchus
  17. bronchus
    the distal end of the trachea splits into left and right main bronchi as it enters the lung
  18. diaphragm
    muscle that separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity
  19. dysphonia
    abnormal voice
  20. dyspnea
    difficult, labored breathing
  21. endotracheal
    pertaining to inside the trachea
  22. epiglottis
    a flap of cartilage that covers the larynx when a person swallows
  23. epistaxis
  24. exhalation
    to breathe air out of lungs
  25. expectorant
    medication that improved the ability to cough up mucus from the respiratory tract
  26. hemoptysis
    to cough up blood or blood-stained sputum
  27. hemothorax
    blood in the chest
  28. hypercapnia
    excessive carbon dioxide
  29. hyperventilation
    to breath both too fast and too deep
  30. hypoxemia
    insufficient oxygen in the blood
  31. hypoxia
    insufficient oxygen condition
  32. inhalation
    to breathe air into lungs
  33. laryngectomy
    removal of the voice box
  34. laryngoplegia
    paralysis of the voice box
  35. larynx
    voice box
  36. mucous membrane
    membrane that lines body passages that open directly to the exterior of the body
  37. mucus
    sticky fluid secreted by mucous membrane lining of the respiratory tract
  38. nares
    external openings of the nose that open into the nasal cavity
  39. nasopharyngitis
    nose and throat inflammation
  40. orthopnea
    only able to breathe sitting straight up
  41. otorhinolaryngology
    study of ears, nose and throat
  42. palate
    roof of the mouth
  43. pansinusitis
    inflammation of all the sinuses
  44. patent
    open or unblocked
  45. percussion
  46. pertussis
    whooping cough
  47. pharyngeal
    pertaining to the pharynx
  48. pharynx
  49. phlegm
    thick mucus secreted by the membranes that line the respiratory tract
  50. pleura
    a protective double layer of serous membrane around the lungs
  51. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleura
  52. pleurocentesis
    puncture of pleura to withdraw fluid
  53. pleurodynia
    pleural pain
  54. pneumoconiosis
    black lung disease
  55. pneumothorax
    air in the chest
  56. polysomnography
    sleep apnea study
  57. pulmonary
    pertaining to the lungs
  58. pulmonologist
    lung specialist
  59. pyothorax
    pus in the chest
  60. rhinitis
    inflammation of the nose
  61. rhinomycosis
    abnormal condition of nose fungus
  62. rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of the nose
  63. rhinorrhea
    nose discharge
  64. sputum
    mucus or phlegm that is coughed up from the lining of the respiratory tract
  65. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  66. thoracotomy
    incision into the chest
  67. trachea
  68. tracheostenosis
    narrowing of the trachea
  69. tracheostomy
    creating a new surgical opening in the windpipe (trachea)
  70. ventilator
    a machine that provides artificial ventilation for a patient unable to breathe on his or her own
  71. ABG
    arterial blood gases
  72. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  73. CTA
    clear to auscultation
  74. DPT
    diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus injection
  75. ENT
    ears, nose, throat
  76. SOB
    shortness of breath
  77. TB
  78. URI
    upper respiratory infection
Card Set
Respiratory System
Medical Terminology