Skin Problems

  1. Athlete's foot
    Causes: fungus (tinea pedis)

    Signs/Sym: flacky/dry

    Self-care: cotton, change socks, avoid irritants
  2. Athlete's Foot
    • OTC Treat:
    • - Clotrimazole
    • -Miconazole
    • -Terbinatine
    • -Tolnaftate
    • See HC provider:
    • -products not working
    • -symptoms worsening
    • -adverse event to OTC
  3. Wounds/Burns
    • Signs/Symp: irriattion, redness, blistering, swelling
    • Self-Care: bandages, cool burns
    • OTC Treat: antiseptics, topical pain relievers, antibacterials
    • HC provider: wounds not healing/draining, wound/burn not healing after OTC
  4. Vaginal Yeast Infection
    • Causes: Fungus: candida albicans
    • Signs/Symp: vaginal/vulvar itching, discharge
    • Self-care: cotton, change underwear, avoid irritants
    • OTC treat: miconazole, clotrimazole, tioconazole
    • HC provider: burning, prod failure, symp worse, event to OTC
  5. Rashes
    • Causes: allergy, bug bite, irritant
    • Sign/Symp: itching, redness, irritating
    • Self-care: immunities, repellant, avoiding allergy agts, wash exposed areas
    • OTC Treat: anti-itch meds, skin protect, skin softeners
    • HC provider: rapid spread, NOT going away, rash breaks open, shortness of breath, wheezing, more itching
  6. Warts
    • Causes: herpes simplex virus (HPV)
    • Self-care: check wart areas reg, avoid direct contact
    • OTC Treat: cryotherapy, salacylic acid
    • HC provider: plantar/genital warts, unhealed in 12 weeks of OTC, ward growing/spreading
  7. Acne
    • Causes: dead skin cells, oil, bacteria, puberty, contact
    • SC: avoid greasy prod, hair off face, NO pick/squeeze, mild cleaner (consistent)
    • OTC Treat: clearasil, neutragena, proactiv
    • HC prov: inflamed cysts, deep pimples
  8. Bug Bites
    • NO possible causes or signs/symp
    • Self-care: insect repellant, cover skin, avoid habitats, NO perfume, allergy kit
    • OTC Treat: benadryl, hydrocortisone, repellants
    • HC prov: NOT heal from OTC, shortness of breath, severe allergic rxn
  9. Dandruff
    • Causes: overgrowth of fungus
    • Signs/Symp: no itching
    • Self-care: washing hair correctly
    • OTC Treat: shampoos (p. 5)
    • HC prov: persistent dandruff (>6mo), red/sore scalp, yellow crusting, children less than 2
  10. Yeast Infections: Lactobacillus acidophilus
    • prevent overgrowth of unfriendly bacteria/Candida
    • exist in vagina
    • probiotic
    • maintains health balance of bacteria in body
    • may not have any impact
  11. What factors contribute to controlling acne lesions?
    • sebum: keeps skin soft
    • bacteria: propionibacterium acnes (as long as doesn't over grow)
    • dead skin: does NOT want too much
  12. OTC Options to treat Acne:
    Benzyl Peroxide
    • Brand: Clearasil
    • Works: releases oxygen to prevent bacterial growth in the pores; also reduces fatty acids that clog pores
    • Side Effects: drying, redness, scaling
    • Precautions: increase risk of sunburn, discoloring of clothes
  13. OTC Acne:
    Salicylic Acid
    • Brand: Neutrogena Oil-Free Acne Wash
    • Works: slows the shredding of skin cells; prevents clogging pores; exfoliates
    • Effects: stinging and irritation
    • Precautions: NOT antibacterial
  14. OTC Acne:
    • Brand: Clearasil Adult Acne Treatment Cream
    • Works: removes dead skin cells and excess oil
    • Effects: redness, pealing
    • Precautions: unpleasant odor, rarely used alone
  15. What categories of acne treatment does Witch Hazel belong?
    Astringents (alcohol and acetone): remove excess oil
  16. What is the active ingredient in Proactiv?
    2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide

    Worth the cost?
Card Set
Skin Problems
Pharm 1003 Exam 3