Theory II

  1. in clinical practic an idex or scoring system for a pt can be used for ____, _____ and _____
    • education
    • motivation
    • evaluation
  2. what are 5 uses of infividual assessments?
    • help recognize problem
    • motivation
    • measure degree of oral hygien
    • eval home care succss
    • learning tool
  3. what is the purpose of a clinical trial?
    determine the effect of an agent or procedure on the prevention progression or control of disease
  4. t/f an epidemiologic survey is designed for evaluation of the individual patients rather than groups of people
    false. survey for groups of people
  5. what is the purpose of an epidemiologic survey?
    provide info on trends and patterns of oral helath and disease in populations
  6. t/f a clinical trial is used to determine the prevalence and incidence of a partular condition occuring within a given population
    false- epidemiologic survey used
  7. the purpose of a _____ _____ is to collect data thru screenings, survey the commuunity population and recognize need and address it?
    community surveillance
  8. t/f a community surveillance is used to provide info to help plan community based helath promotion/disease prevention programs
  9. true
  10. a ____ is an expression of clinical observation in numberic values
  11. what type of index measures presence or absence of a condition
    simple index
  12. what type of index is one that measures all the evidence of a condition past and present
    cumulative index
  13. what is the difference between an irreversible index and a reversible index
    • irreversible measures conditions that will not change (caries)
    • reversible measures conditions that can be changed (biofilm)
  14. what are eight criteria for selecting an index?
    • simple to use and calculate
    • minimal equipement and expense
    • completed in short period of time
    • causes pt no discomfort
    • has clear cut understandable criteria
    • free from subjective interpretation
    • reproducible by same or different examiner
    • valid reliable statistically analyzed
  15. t/f a index should be simple to use and calculate
  16. t/f an index should be based on sujective interpretation
    false needs to be free of subjective interpretation
  17. what index has the purpose to assess the thickness of bioflim at the ginigval area
    plaque index
  18. how is the plaque index scored?
    divide tooth in surfaces and score 0-3
  19. what index has the purposeto record the presence of dental biofilm on inddividual tooth surfaces to permit the pt to visualize progress while learning bioflim control
    plaque control record
  20. how many areas of a tooth are recorded for the plaque control record?
    four to six
  21. what is the procedure for plaque control record?
    apply dislosing agent or chewable tablet and have pt swish and rub solution over the tooth surfaces and examine
  22. what is the purpose of the plaque free score?
    to determine the location number and percentage of biofilm-free surfaces for individual motivation and instruction
  23. t/f interdental bleadding can also be documented with the plaque free score
    true true what new?
  24. how many surfaces are recorded for the plaque free score and which surfaces?
    • four!
    • facial, lingual or palatal, mesial and distal
  25. what is the goal for the plaque free score?
    100% biofilm free baby!
  26. what % on a plaque free score is poor?
  27. with the plaque free score you can use ______ _____ or _____
    • disclosing tablets
    • solution
  28. % of bioflim ____ surfaces= number of biofilm-free srufaces X _____/ number of available surfaces
    • free
    • 100
  29. what index has the purpose to assess the extent o fbioflim and debris on surfaces
    patient hygiene performance
  30. what are the maxillary teeth examined for the PHP index?
    3, 8 and 14
  31. what are the mandibular teeth used in the PHP index?
    19, 24 and 30
  32. for the PHP index if the first molar is missing what tooth is used? what if the incisro is missing?
    • use second molar
    • use adjacent central incisor
  33. what surfaces are examined for the PHP index?
    • max-facial surfaces
    • mna-lingual
  34. how many sections is the tooth divided into for the PHP index?
  35. what is the scoring range for the PHP index?
  36. a person with a 3.66 PHP score has what type of hygiene performance?
  37. what is the only index that looks at calc as well?
    simplified oral hygiene index
  38. what index purpose is to assess oral cleanlienss by estimating the tooth surface covered by debris and/or calculus
    simplified oral hygiene index
  39. what teeth are used in the simplified oral hygiene index?
    3 14 19 30 8 24
  40. t/f the lingual surfaces of the maxillary teeth are examined in the simplified oral hygiene index
    Ffalllsssssee! The facial side (think where parotid gland more calc builds there so it is scored)
  41. ____ ____ is the soft foreign matter on the surfaces of the teeth that contsists of dental biofilm, materia alba and food debris
    oral debris
  42. what are the two components of the simplified oral hygiene index?
    • Debris
    • Calculus
  43. what type of probe is used for the periodontal screening and recording index?
    probe with ball on the end
  44. what index is used to assess the state of periodontal helath of an individual patient
    periodontal screenig and recording PSR
  45. what is the function of the ball on the end of a probe (3)
    aid in the detection of calculus, rough overhaging restoration and other tooth surface irregularities
  46. what does the * in the PSR index mean for codes 3 or 4?
    • furcation involvement
    • possible mucogingival invollvement in the mandibular anterior sextant
  47. what does the * in a code two of the PSR index mean?
    notable clinical fearture such as minimal attached gingiva
  48. with a code 3 or 4 of the PSR what treatment is needed
    • comprehensive periodontal exam
    • counseling
  49. in a code 2 of the PSR index what treatment must be done?
    • overhanging restorations must be removed
    • restorations checked for recurrent dental caries
    • instruction in dental biofilm control (primary concern)
  50. what index is used to screen and monitor the periodontal status of populations?
    Community periodontal index
  51. what index is used to measure bleeding in the sulcus? (I used all three words in the question this one should be tough)
    sulcus bleeding index
  52. what index is used to record the presence or absence of gingival inflammation determined by bleeding from interproximal gingival sulci?
    gingival bleeding index
  53. what is used in the gingival bleeding index?
    unwaxed dental floss
  54. what is used in the eastman interdental bleeding index?
    stimudent (wedge)
  55. which index is used to assess the severity of gingivitis based on color, consistency and bleeding on probing?
    gingival index
  56. _____ _____ experience data is most usefull when measuring the prevalence of dental disease in groups rather than individuals
    dental caries
  57. t/f dental caries experience data is most useful when measuring individuals.
    FALSE most useful for groups
  58. what index is used to determine the total dental caries experience past and present by recording either the number of affected teeth or tooth surfaces?
    • decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT)
    • or " " " surfaces (DMFS)
  59. how do you tell if the decayed missing and filled teeth is for primary or permanent teeth?
    • primary is in lower case df or def
    • permanent upper case DMFT
  60. what index is used to determine total root caries experience for individuals and groups and provide a direct, simple method for recording and making comparisons
    root caries index
  61. how many surfaces are used for the root caries index?
  62. t/f wit hroot caries index the teeth with multiple roots the most severe case is recorded and each surface is only counted once
  63. what is the dean's fluorosis index used for?
    measure the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis
  64. what surfaces are examined during the dean's fluorosis index
    all smooth surface enamel of all teeth
  65. how is the dean's fluorosis index scored?
    score 0-5
Card Set
Theory II
chapter 20 indices and scoring methods