Health Assessment

  1. Continues the breakdown of carbohydrates when they enter the stomach.
    Gastric acid
  2. What does pepsin breakdown in the stomach?
  3. What are proteins converted to in the stomach?
    • peptones
    • amino acids
  4. Gastric lipase converts triglycerides in the stomach to _______ and _______.
    • fatty acid
    • glycerol
  5. What is the usual pH range of the stomach?
  6. Name the 5 parts of the large intestine.
    • cecum
    • appendix
    • colon
    • rectum
    • anal canal
  7. What is absorbed in the large intestine?
    • water
    • electrolytes
  8. What organ is bile produced and secreted from?
  9. Glucose is stored as _______ in the liver.
  10. Albumin and globulin are synthesized in which organ?
  11. What 2 minerals are stored in the liver?
    • iron
    • copper
  12. Name the vitamins the liver is known for storing.
    • A
    • B12
    • B-complex
  13. What body part concentrates and stores bile?
  14. What gives feces its brown color?
  15. Which 2 ducts form the common bile duct?
    cystic and hepatic ducts
  16. This gland has both endocrine and exocrine functions.
  17. Name the 3 endocrine secretions from the pancreas.
    • insulin
    • glucagon
    • gastrin
  18. The endocrine secretions from the pancreas are used for ______ metabolism.
  19. The exocrine secretions of the pancreas contain _______ and _______.
    • bicarbonate
    • pancreatic enzymes
  20. What are the exocrine secretions of the pancreas used for?
    Breaking down proteins, fats, and carbs for absorption
  21. The spleen is made up of what 2 systems?
    white and red pulp
  22. The spleen is used to store 1-2% of _______ and _______.
    • erythrocytes
    • platelets
  23. The spleen is the site of activation for ____ and ____.
    B and T lymphocytes
  24. The spleen produces _________ when there is bone marrow depression.
  25. The kidney secretes _________ to stimulate RBC production.
  26. What part of the kidney regulates fluid and electrolyte balance?
  27. Which gender is more likely to develop most GI cancers?
  28. Which race is more likely to be diagnosed with Esophageal cancer?
  29. Which race is more likely to be diagnosed with Stomach cancer?
    Asian/Pacific islanders
  30. Which ethnicity is more likely to develop Colon cancer?
    Jews of Eastern Europe
  31. Which race is more likely to develop Bladder cancer?
  32. Patients with ________ may be observed sitting in the knee-chest position
  33. In what position might a patient with perotinitis or appendicitis be observed?
    Lying very still
  34. Patients with colicky, gallstones, and urethral stones may be observed doing what?
    rocking back and forth
  35. When inspecting the abdomen for skin color, surface characteristics, contour, and surface movements, at what angle should you direct the light?
    Right angle to the client's long axis
  36. _______ is an indicator of elevated serum bilirubin levels.
  37. Bruises may be an indicator of trauma or ________.
    Low platelet count
  38. How do you check for a sudden bulge in the client's abdomen?
    Have client lie supine and ask to cough while you stand at eye level with the abdomen.
  39. A bulge in the abdomen when coughing can be indicative of _________.
    abdominal hernia
  40. Abdominal distention results from the "seven Fs." Name them.
    • fat
    • fetus
    • fluid
    • flatulence
    • feces
    • fibroid tumor
    • fatal tumor
  41. If you see an area of abdominal pulsation, should you massage it or not, and why?
    No. It could be an abdominal aneurysm from the weakening of a wall in the abdominal aorta.
  42. Clients with a ________ have stools that are of a thick liquid consistency.
  43. Clients with a _______ have mushy stools.
    transverse colostomy
  44. Stools are more solid in a patient with a ________ colostomy.
    Descending or sigmoid
  45. Audible sounds produced by hyperactive peristalsis.
    • borborygmi
    • (often associated with bowel obstruction)
  46. Which part of the stethescope is used for ausultation of bowel sounds?
  47. Which part of the stethescope is used for auscultating the abdomen for arterial and venous vascular sounds?
    The bell
  48. Ausculate over the renal, iliac, aorta, and femoral arteries to check for _______.
    • Bruits
    • (make swishing sound during systole)
  49. Bruits are indicative of turbulent blood flow caused by _____________.
    narrowing of blood vessels
  50. When palpating the abdomen, press ___ to ___ cm.
    4 to 6
  51. _______ is the most common percussion tone heard and is due to the presence of _____.
    • Tympany
    • gas
  52. People with Type A blood are most likely to be diagnosed with this cancer.
    Stomach cancer
  53. Mono affects which organ?
  54. What is albumin?
    Transports fatty acids and hormones through the blood.
  55. What does bile do?
    Emulsifies fats
  56. Name a job of the spleen.
    Activates macrophages to gobble up infected WBC and as a result grows in size.
Card Set
Health Assessment
Chapter 14