Language Disorders #2

  1. Being alert to etiologic factors
  2. Important role of evaluating strengths and weakness so deficits can be addressed
  3. What is the definition of Plan?
    Philosophy in determining the procedures for assessment
  4. What is Procedures ?
    the specific test instruments and clinical procedures used to collect the evidence
  5. Tell the difference between Inital and Ongoing Assessment
    • 1)Initial- perforemed to determine the EXISTENCE of a disorder
    • 2)Ongoing- Performed to deteremine the PROGRESS of goals.
  6. The SLP is in position to make first-hand observations would be a _________ observer
    Direct observer
  7. Those who provide information to the SLP are _________ observers
    Indirect observers
  8. What are the two factors in Context
    Familiarity and Structure
  9. A categorization or classification scheme for observed characteristics or behaviors based on some order. also a scheme for organizing observations.
  10. what is the differnce between Etic and Emic
    Etic- classification schemes that EXIST due to someone else's proor efforts ( Ex. Brown's 14 Grammatical Morphemes)

    Emic-classification schemes that EMERGE as observations are organized
  11. Most structured
    Midway structured
    Least structured

    is to
    • standardized testing
    • baserate
    • language sample
  12. To standardize is to make standard or uniform; to cause to be without variations or irregularities.
  13. What is standardized population
    the entire group of individuals whoe exhibit a trait or characteristic of interest
  14. what is Standardized sample
    a subgroup of individuals that represent a population of interest
  15. Of the variables related toee Representativeness which is the most important

    D) number of individuals included
  16. what is central tendency
    the tendency for observations or values to cluster around some value
  17. __________ _________ expresses the variability in a set of scores in original units
    Standard Deviation
  18. Define Normal
    Typical, average, or expected
  19. boundries set of normal being 1SD above and below the mean is labled
    Narrow view
  20. 68% population within boundries ________ 32% outside the boundries ________
    • Normal
    • abnormal
  21. Boundaries of normal as 2SD above and below the mean is labled
    Broad View
  22. 95% within boundries __________ 2.5% outside boundires__________
    • Normal
    • Abnormal
  23. Narrow view may result in _________ _______ Broad view may result in _______ _______
    • False-positives
    • False negatives
  24. Define Raw Score
    the original unconverted score obtained on a test, # of items, credits or points

    meaninigless without reference to the norms
  25. Define Derived Scores
    Normalized score DERIVED by comparing the raw score to the score used to represent the ditribution of performances by the standardization sample
  26. Define Converted Score
    Normalized score expressed in an equivalent form on another scale
  27. Define Standard Score
    • -Based on the mean
    • - term referring to transformed or normalized scores used to compare an indivdual's performace to that of his peers.
  28. Mean,median and mode are all examples of
    central tendency
  29. Percentile rank
    scores expressed as a point in the distribution of scores below which the given percent of scores fall
  30. 100 DQ is = to ____T score

    0 Z score is = to ____ Stanines
    • 50 t score
    • 5 stanines
  31. Equivalent scores( age or grade)
    Scores that equate a subect's performance to the choronlogical age or grade placement

    Ex. raw score of 5 means the equivalent age is 5 years of age
  32. the HYPOTHETICAL score that mose accureately represents the subject's actual level of ability being measured
    True Score
  33. the ACTUAL obtained score derived from the subject's performance on a given measure
    Observed Score
  34. What does SEM stand for
    Standard Error of Measurement
  35. What is SEM
    varaiability in test scores over re-administrations of a test instrument to a subgroup
  36. Confidence interval(or band) is statistically derived range of probable scores in which the hypothetical true score for a subject might be expected to fall.
    Example- if the SEM(standard Error of Measurement) for an age group were 3.5 and a child in that age group gets a deviation quotient of 85 his or her true score would be said to lie between 81.5 and 88.5
  37. the extent to which an insturment measures what it claims to measure is defined as
  38. Contrast content Validity and Face Validity
    • -Content the expert recognizes the items in a test represent the skill being measured
    • -Face the lay person recognizes that the items in a test represent the skill being measured
  39. Concurrent criterion
    Predictive Criterion
    • -Concurrent comparing performances
    • -Predictive predicting future performance
  40. the extent to which result obtained by an insturment with a given subject are similar or consistent
  41. Tell the difference between
    • -Intra-examiner- similar scores are obtained with the same subject by the same examiner
    • -Inter-examiner- similar scores are obtained with the same subject by different examiners
  42. the highest set of items that satisfies the sequence of successful items
  43. the lowest set of items that satisfies the sequence of unsuccessful items
  44. Disadvantage to basal-ceiling
    Advantage to basal-ceiling
    • -less than complete information obtained
    • -items administered can be reducedin number reducing time
  45. 1. The highest set of items that satisfies the specified sequence of successful items is
    a. Ceiling
    b. Basal item
    c. Standard deviation
    d. Basal
    D. Basal
  46. The mean is a measure of central tendency and represents
    a. Always divides the top half of scores and the bottom half of scores in a distribution
    b. The arithmetic average of a set of scores
    c. The difference between the lowest and highest set of scores in a distribution
    d. A theoretical curve that represents the hypothetical normal distribution of a trait.
    B) the arithmetic average of a set of score
  47. Which of the following standard scores has a mean of 100 and a Standard Deviation of 15?
    a. Deviation Quotient
    b. T-Score
    c. Z-Score
    d. Stanines
    A) Deviation Quotient
  48. A norm-referenced measure allows comparisons to be made in
    a. Standard scores
    b. Percentile ranks
    c. Equivalent scores
    d. All of the above
    D) All of the above
  49. Which of the following is a hypothetical score that represents the client’s actual level of ability in the skill being measured?
    a. Standard Score
    b. Raw score
    c. Observed Score
    d. True Score
    D) True score
  50. A subgroup of individuals chosen to be representative of the entire group of interest is the
    a. Normative sample
    b. Normative population
    c. Normal curve
    d. None of the above
    A) Normative Sample
  51. The extent to which an instrument measures what it claims to measure is called
    a. Reliability
    b. Context
    c. Criterion
    d. Validity
    D) Validity
  52. An approach, mindset, or overall philosophy assumed in one’s approach to assessment would be referred to as
    a. Assessment plan
    b. Assessment procedures
    c. Ongoing assessment
    d. Initial assessment
    A) Assessment Plan
  53. An analysis of Brown’s 14 grammatical morphemes by an SLP represents
    a. an emic taxonomy
    b. an etic taxonomy
    c. a standardized test
    d. none of the above
    B) Etic Taxonomy
  54. Two factors that can affect the amount and type of communication behavior that is observed are
    a. Reliability and validity
    b. Populations and samples
    c. Context and structure
    d. Standard scores and age-equivalent scores
    C) Context and Samples
  55. PPVT-4

    These are all examples of
    Receptive tests
  56. Told-4

    These are all examples of
    Expressive Tests
  57. To get the raw score you take the________ _______ and subtract the _________ from it
    To get the raw score you take the ceiling item and subtract the scatter from it
  58. Boehm test of baic concepts- preschool
    • receptive – semantics / “classroom” vocabulary,
    • measures 26 relational concepts of: size; direction; spatial position; quantity; time
  59. Boehm-R
    Boehm Test of Basic Concepts-Revised
    • receptive – semantics / “classroom vocabulary”,
    • comprehension of time, space, quantity, misc. concepts
  60. EOWPVT
    Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test- © 2000
    expressive single word “common” vocabulary
  61. EVT
    Expressive Vocabulary Test
    expressive “common” vocabulary
  62. PPVT-4
    Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, 3rd Ed.
    receptive single word “common” vocabulary
  63. ROWPVT-2000
    Receptive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test 2000 Edition
    receptive single word “common” vocabulary
  64. SPELT-2
    Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test-2
    expressive syntax and morphology
  65. TACL-3
    Test for Auditory Comprehension of Language 3rd Edition
    • receptive vocabulary ,
    • grammatical morphemes,
    • elaborated phrases and sentences
  66. TEEM
    Test for Examining Expressive Morphology
    expressive morphology
  67. The Word Test Adolescent
    • expressive vocabulary/ semantics – various “vocabulary skills”
    • a. brand names
    • b. synonyms
    • c. signs of the times d. definitions
  68. TOLD-P:3
    Test of Language Development:
    Primary 3rd Edition
    • receptive/expressive
    • a. picture vocabulary
    • b. relational vocabulary
    • c. oral vocabulary
    • d. grammatic
    • understanding
    • e. sentence imitation
    • f. grammatic completion
    • Supplemental subtests:
    • word discrimination,
    • phonemic analysis, word articulation
  69. TOPS
    Test of Problem Solving
    • receptive/expressive
    • assesses thinking and verbal reasoning skills
    • a. explain inferences
    • b. negative why questions
    • c. determining causes and solutions
    • d. avoiding problems
  70. Morphology tests
    • TACL-3
    • TEEM
    • TOLD-4
  71. Syntax (grammar) tests
    • TACL-3
    • TOLD-4
    • SPELT-II
    • TOPS 3
    • TOLD-4
Card Set
Language Disorders #2
Language Disorders note cards for Exam #2