Chap 2 HST

  1. Age of democratic revivals
    • Even though there
    • were many issues that came from the time of the enlightenment, revolution, and
    • denominational rivalries that undermined the impact of Christianity, the church
    • still had a hude impact

    • Memberships
    • doubled between 1800 and 1860

    • 1795-1865
    • marked all the revivals across the states

    • Black
    • and White revivals (1801)

    • Methodist
    • movement was growing fast- by 1820 they had surpassed the Baptist

    • Slaves
    • were turning to Christianity-became their dominant religion

    • The evangelical
    • movement went against the secular theme that many people thought America was
    • focused on.
  2. Evangelicalism and American culture
    • Mid-19th
    • century- evangelical religion was a major force shaping dominant American
    • values.

    • USA was
    • different from Europe because Europe focused on the strong anti church
    • sentiments that came from the French revolution.

    • In the
    • US the religious views shaped the political and social values

    • Free
    • individual

    • Most
    • American protestants taught Calvinist views- free individual concept was the
    • total opposite as it gave people the option of making a decision of choosing
    • God

    • John
    • Wesley- founder of Methodism- developed ways of affirming the sovereignty of
    • Gods grace that allowed more room for assuring potential converts that their
    • choice for God was also decisive.

    • Finney also talked about
    • the sinners ability to make a choice for Christ.
  3. Charles Finney
    • Main example of the
    • revival movement

    • Most
    • famous revivalist of the time

    • School
    • teacher and lawyer before he became a preacher all over the states

    • He brought the
    • revival movements to new areas
  4. Education
    • Evangelicalism
    • taught rigorous moral disciplines that pushed people to be better and resulted
    • in people succeeding financially

    • The
    • Methodist- became the most active denomination in founding colleges from
    • 1840-1860

    • State
    • colleges required chapel attendance and taught bible and protestant doctrines

    • Religious
    • training was thought to be part of good education

    • Charles Finney-
    • began to study the audience and the other factors that affected his messages
    • and revolutionized the way that mass communication techniques developed
  5. Primitivism-back to the Bible movement
    • They believed that
    • they could renew their groups and going back to the literal basis of the bible
    • and this would then result in the renewal of civilization

    • Post-millenialism
    • came from this
  6. Missions
    • American Board of
    • Commissioners for Foreign Missions- leading mission entity of this era

    • 1810-1870- layed
    • the foundation for missionary work
  7. Reform
    • Missions brought to
    • their attention the need to fight against the things that were going against
    • their Christians foundations right at home. Alcohol, drugs, prostitution etc.

    • Started
    • missions as well as different societies that helped fight these-

    • One of the main
    • things was inclusion of women- Finney 1835- worked at the first coeducational
    • college in America
  8. Divisions within the evangelical camp
    • Mid 19th
    • century- Methodists and Baptists were the largest religious groups followed by
    • Presbyterians and Congregationalists.

    • Issues
    • such as slavery caused division amongst the churches.

    • The
    • level at which slavery was performed went against the view of America as the
    • strongest and most influential country based on their religious beliefs.

    • The
    • economic factor had a great influence in the way that people abolished slavery

    • By the
    • civil war, Christianity was the main religion for the blacks

    • Richard Allen-
    • Black preacher- African Methodist Episcopal Church
  9. Native Americans
    • During the colonial
    • era, catholic missions to the Indians were the most extensive in areas that
    • eventually became the US

    • They resister
    • Christianity in efforts to keep their traditions
  10. Catholics
    • Catholics were
    • divided themselves

    • By
    • 1790-1830 the Catholic population grew almost ten times to about 300,000 and
    • between 1830-1860 grew over ten more times to 300 million.

    • By this
    • time they were larger than any single Protestant denomination

    • Irish-
    • came after the famine and were seen by protestants as a threat to American ways

    • The
    • prejudices against irish catholics was almost as bad as prejudices against
    • blacks

    • Other
    • big immigrant group was german catholics- tended to be farmers

    • They were very
    • proud of their language and thought that preserving their language was
    • preserving their faith
Card Set
Chap 2 HST
Christianity in America, Midterm, Chapter2