Chap 3 HST

  1. Rise of Protestant-Republican
    • National
    • legislation for prohibiting sales of alcohol

    • Superiority
    • of Western culture

    • Anglo-American
    • democratic principles were the highest political expression

    • Protestant
    • focus on reform
  2. The Golden Age
    • Northern
    • clergy saw implements of Protestant ways (ending of slavery/injustice) would
    • bring about a “millennial age” or age of peace in America

    • Writers
    • such as Mark Twain and Henry Adams dealt greatly with Protestant and traditional
    • views/oppositions

    • Protestant
    • churches tripled in size from 1860-1900

    • Rising
    • paradox between spiritual and material
  3. Understanding Secularization
    • Scientists
    • and technicians separated work from religious practices no matter how devoted

    • Peaceful
    • differentiation of religious and secular
  4. Religion and Politics: The Link Continues
    • Paradox
    • between religion and politics

    • Republican
    • Party affiliated with Protestants

    • Evangelical
    • political program opposed by Catholics and Lutherans

    • Connections
    • were subtle between religion and politics because each side wanted the favor
    • from the opposing supporters
  5. Republic Party and Incorporation of America
    • Party
    • of northern pietist moral reformers

    • Greed
    • rose with booming business

    • Urbanization
    • – YMCA created

    • Church
    • and secularization grew with population and city growth

    • Rockefeller
    • and Carnegie

    • Protestant
    • church had a solid middle class

    • Problems
    • with relationships between capitol and labor – strikes/riots in big businesses
    • for better working conditions (Protestants opposed strikes and riots for the
    • sake of law and order)
  6. Hard work as a social reform
    Individual choices effect whether you succeed or fail

    Charity work for orphans and widows (Biblical twist)

    • Conversion to Christianity was seen as a step in the right direction for
    • success

    Being idle (without work) becomes “sinful”

    • Key
    • to success for Protestant leaders such as Henry Beecher was for individuals to
    • work hard and help themselves
  7. "Acres of Diamonds"
    • Opportunity
    • in America seen as a gift from God (Russell Conwell, “Acres of Diamonds” was a
    • speech where he said “to make money honestly is to preach the gospel”)

    Focus on money and success led to relaxed view of morals

    • Rockefeller
    • believed God gave him his money at the same time he was exploiting workers and
    • competing businesses
  8. Middle-Class Protestant Consciousness
    Focus on civic responsibility and charity within the middle class
  9. Women and Reform
    • Women
    • played a prominent though not leading role during Progressive Era

    • Role to guard moral sector in society Frances Willard started Women’s
    • Christian Temperance Union

    Women had focus on holiness, wanted to change society

    • Opposition
    • from main stream Protestants
  10. Missions
    • Women
    • played a large role abroad and supporting (made up 60% of missionaries)

    Enthusiasm grew for missions during this time

    • Motives
    • were to spread gospel and help people socially
  11. Moody and the shaping of the missionary ideal
    • Dwight
    • L. Moody (1837-1899) was the Charles Finney of the 1870s to the 90s

    • Success
    • abroad and home as evangelist
  12. "Our Country"
    • Pride
    • in the white Anglo-Saxon culture effected missions

    • Spanish
    • American War 1898 saw us fighting savage races

    • Cultural
    • superiority
  13. The Social Gospel
    • Progressives
    • attributed evil in society to violations of moral law

    • Revived
    • millennial view of bringing the kingdom of God to earth

    • Walter
    • Rauschenbusch (1861-1918) hell’s kitchen

    • Kingdom
    • seen as a social system not just otherworldly heaven
  14. Pragmatic Progressivism
    Saw law as a evolving social experiement, where moral absolutes were irrelevant
  15. Revolution in Education
    • Shift
    • from traditional Protestant education to more academic education

    • In
    • 1865 the Bible was the most used educational book, by 1917 professors would
    • have been embarrassed to admit that
  16. Revolution in Beliefs
    • Science
    • brought the idea of a scientific millennium as opposed to the Protestant millennium

    • Progressive
    • era moved from Religious belief to Scientific belief
  17. New Theologies
    • Bible
    • not taken as literally

    • Positive
    • message of Christianity emphasized

    • People
    • not seen as depraved but potentially good

    • Modern
    • theology a theology of action/social gospel

    • Dropped
    • offensive and exclusive features of Christianity
Card Set
Chap 3 HST
Christianity in America, Midterm, Chapter 3, protestand and progressive: 1860-1917