Social Psychology

  1. Basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relationships
    Need for Affiliation
  2. True or False? Our need to affiliate with others appears to be present from adolescence onward?
    FALSE! The need to affiliate with others appears to be present from the earliest days of our lives.
  3. Relatively stable trait
  4. True or False? The amount of social contact that is optimal for everyone is different?
  5. ____________ leads to increased sensitivity to interpersonal information and results in less effective cognitive functioning.
    Social Exclusion
  6. The _______ the stress of a situation, the ________ the need to affiliate with others becomes.
    Greater; Greater
  7. True or False? Misery hates miserable company and makes the situation worse and more depressing.
    FALSE! Misery loves miserable company.
  8. Affiliation provides the opportunity for _________________________.
    Social Comparison
  9. Being aware of what is happening and to know what is going on is____________________.
    Cognitive Clarity
  10. The better understanding of our own current feelings is _______________.
    Emotional Clarity
  11. True or False? Opposites attract.
    FALSE! (most of the time anyways)
  12. The ways in which we form emotional bonds and regulate our emotions in close relationships
    Attachment Style
  13. Our attachment style has (Strong/Weak) effects on our thinking about others and our relationships with them and important aspects of our behavior.
  14. Revealing our innermost thoughts and feelings
  15. Fear of rejection and abandonment by others
    Attachment Anxiety
  16. What are two main aspects of a person that affects whether or not we like them?
    • 1. Do they make you feel good?
    • 2. Were they associated with a good or a bad feeling? (What was the emotional setting in which you met?)
  17. We (Almost Always/Sometimes/Almost Never) look for people with similar beliefs and attitudes.
    Almost Always
  18. When someone thinks like we do, we feel that they are______________.
    Correct and Smart
  19. ___________ similarities lead to ____________ affiliation.
    Greater; Greater
  20. True or False? We tend to dirictely evaluate people based on whether we are in a good mood or in a bad mood (affective state).
  21. Reason by which we are or are not attracted towards a person
    Classical Conditioning
  22. The general explanation for the influence of affect on attraction and other attitudes is __________ _________.
    Classical Conditioning
  23. We are generally (Aware/Unaware) of the process of classical conditioning.
  24. What are the two important aspects for determining attraction in situations like speed dating?
    • 1. First impressions
    • 2. External evaluations
  25. True or False? We always want to be validated by comparisons to others.
  26. We eventually want to (Tip/Balance) the depth of our differences with others we are close to.
  27. Physical closeness between two people
  28. According to proximity, the ________ the physical distance, the _______ the probability that the two will come into repeated contact experiencing repeated exposure, positive affect, and development of mutual attraction
    Smaller; Greater
  29. Frequent contact with any mildly negative, neutral, or positive stimulus results in an increasingly positive evaluation of that stimulus
    Repeated Exposure
  30. True or False? Being in close proximity to strangers is almost always uncomfortable.
  31. Combination of characteristics that are evaluated as beautiful or handsome at the positive extreme and as unattractive at the negative extreme
    Physical Attractiveness
  32. People worry about their appearance and fear that others may snub them because they don't quite measure up on this dimension
    Appearance-Rejection Sensitivity
  33. Extent to which two individuals share teh same attitudes
    Attitude Similarity
  34. Consistent finding that people respond positively to indications that another person is similar to themselves and negatively to indications that another person is dissimilar from themselves
    Similarity-Dissimilarity Effect
  35. Number of specific indicators that two people are similar divided by the number of specific indicators that two people are similar plus the number of specific indicators that they are dissimilar
    Proportion of Similarity
  36. The _________ the proportion of similar attitudes, the ______ attraction.
    Higher; More
  37. Attraction is not increased by similar attitudes but is simply decreased by dissimilar attitudes
    Repulsion Hypothesis
  38. Formulations of ______ and _______ specify the relationship among three things:
    • Heider; Newcomb
    • 1. individual's liking for another person
    • 2. their attitude about a given topic
    • 3.other person's attitude about the same topic
  39. The formulations of Heider and Newcomb are known as the ________ _______.
    Balance Theory
  40. Liking + Agreement = __________
  41. Liking + Disagreement = ________
  42. Disliking + Agreement OR Disagreement = _________ and leads to _________.
    Nonbalance; Indifference
  43. The theory that people compare themselves to others because there is no onjective yardstick with witch to evaluate the self, so we compare ourselves to others.
    Social Comparison Theory
  44. Any physical characteristic or behavioral tendency that enhances the odds of reproductive success for an individual or for other individuals with similar genes is ___________ ____________.
    Adaptive Response
  45. Personal relationship based on hatred and malice in which one person wishes to produce another person's downfall and attempts to sabotage that person's life and progress.
  46. An interpersonal association in which two people influence each others' lives
  47. The degree of security experienced in interpersonal relationships
    Attachment Style
  48. Circumstance in which the attachment style is initially developed.
    Between infant and caregiver
  49. Attitudinal dimension underlying attachment styles that involves the belief that other people are generally trustworthy, dependable, and reliable.
    Interpersonal Trust
  50. Most successful and most desirable attachment style.
    Interpersonal Trust
  51. Attachment style characterized by high self-esteem and high interpersonal trust
    Secure Attachment Style
Card Set
Social Psychology
Chapter 7