pharm exam 2

  1. unintended response to a drug, also called side effect
    adverse effects
  2. the ability of a generic drug to reach blood levles equivalent to those reached by a brand name drug
    biologic equivalence
  3. a chemical substance used in diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease
  4. the use of experience of statistical probabilities for making drug choices
  5. the official name of a drug listend in a pharmacopeia
    generic name
  6. the intended use for a drug, usually the use approved by the food and drug administration
  7. a drug secured by a prescription
    legnd drug
  8. the study of drugs and their effects on living tissue
  9. the changes wihthin a body caused by a drug
    pharmacologic effects
  10. a published source of drug information based on drugs in a given geographical area
  11. the brand name of a drug
    proprietary name
  12. ADE
    adverse drug effect or adverse side effect
  13. FDA
    food and drug administration
  14. HCP
    health care professional
  15. OTC
    over the counter drug
  16. what is the role of pharm in the DH process of care? (this is a long one might as well just cheat)
    • drugs used entered into TX record including drug, dose and ROA
    • Recommended drugs to pt or samples given recorded in TX record with pt instructions
    • drug and herbal supplements from HHX review investigated for drug effects for TX modifications
  17. what are some online sources for drug references? 4
    • hippocates web site
    • PDR web site
    • MedlinePlus
    • Governmental drug information site
  18. what agency regulates the safety and effectiveness of drugs?
  19. what agency enforces the Modernization Act?
  20. what does the Modernization Act regulate?
    labeling and packaging of drug products
  21. what agency administers the requirements of the controlled substances act?
  22. what Act is used to prevent drug abuse and dependence, including treatment and rehabilitation for drug dependancy. Also includes regulations for manufacturing distribution and dispensing of controlled substances
    comprehensive drug abuse prevention and control act of 1970
  23. what act determines schedules of drugs
    comprehensive drug abuse prevention and control act of 1970
  24. what are the three names a drug goes thru during trials?
    • chemical name
    • generic name
    • proprietary name
  25. what is the official name of a drug derived from the chemical name called?
    generic name
  26. what is the brand or trade name such as tylenol called?
    proprietary name
  27. what is a drug called that can only be secrued with a prescription?
    legend drug
  28. what are the two types of ROAs
    • enteral
    • parenteral
  29. what is the safest most common and convenient ROA
  30. what are the five types of parenteral ROAs
    intravenous, subcutaneous, intramusclar, inhalation and topical
  31. what route is most predictaable and used in emergency situations
    IV route
  32. what route is the least safe and the most likely to cause allergic drug reactions?
  33. what ROA is the most unpredicatable?
  34. the force of attraction of a molecule to a receptor site
  35. a drug that has a direct stimulatroy effect on a receptor
  36. a drug that interferes with the action of an agonist
  37. the dose above which no further beneficial drug effect will occur
    ceiling dose
  38. the admistraion of a drug through the gastrointestinal tract by mouth
  39. the magnitude of response obtained from optimal receptr site occupancy by a drug
  40. the time it takes for half the drug to be removed from the body
    half life
  41. the ability to cause an effect or action
    intrinsic activity
  42. the administration of a drug bypassing the GI tract usually through injection into the body in various ways but also including inhalation and toical administration
  43. a drug with affinity for the receptor site but unable to produce a stron effect or action
    partial agonist
  44. the mechanisms of drug action involving biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs
  45. the absorption distribution metabolism and excretion of a drug
  46. the use of pharmacologic agents to diagnose treat or prevent disease
  47. the concentration at which the drug elicits 50% of its maximal response realted to the drugs affinity for teh receptor
  48. a specialized area on a cell or within a cell wher a drug acts to initiate a series of biochemical and physiologic effects
    receptor site
  49. drug that produces a significant physiologic response when only a relatively small number of receptors are occupied
    strong agonists
  50. overdose, undesirable effects or poisoning
  51. IM
  52. IV
  53. ROA
    route of administration
  54. SC
Card Set
pharm exam 2
chapters 1 and 2 (part 1) objectives from syllabus