Sigmund Freud – layers of consciousness (conscious, subconscious, unconscious)
The id is the core of human personality…a
teeming mass of urges and desires…the need to avoid pain and seek pleasure. If not controlled these animal urges lead to chaotic and violent societies. Freud conceived of a super-ego section of the mind that inputs information from the family, school, and church that civilizes the individual, thereby creating a buffer against these
urges originating in the id, and allowing the conscious to have some control over behavior.
a new modern
didn't reject western
aesthetics didn't promise a cure to society
invincibility of artistic genius
tap into raw impulse,
desire, ad fears that Freud claimed were seated in the unconscious
corpse through old parlor game
Breton, Hugo, Knutson and Tzara - 1930
“The exquisite Corpse will drink the young wine.”
coined the term of a surrealist practice-
literary and artistically chance, randomness, and
coincidence was the basis of intensive study
surrelaism- automatism “dictation of thought without control of
the mind (Arps, Ernst, Miro)
close to abstraction
but recognizable imagery is resent
The other direction of
surrealism is presenting meticulous detail, recognizable scenes and
objects taken out of their normal context, distorted and combined in
fantastic ways as they may be seen in dreams (dali)
Two Children are Threatened by a Nightingale
Dream landscape with 2 girls
one collapsed on the ground, the other running and brandishing a knife
they are frightened by a tiny bird
a figure on top the house clutches a yough girl and seems to reacg for the door knob that is on the frame
1925- Ernst became a full fledged surrealist participant
School of Paris
The School of Paris describes, not an art movement
or a learning institution, but instead is more indicative of the
importance of Paris as a center of Western art in the early decades of
the 20th century.
Joan Miro: SURREALIST
appears non-figurative but many observers have found a images emerge of animals
abstract organic shapes are perhaps closest to the biomorphic inventions of Arp
" The Persistance of Memory"
Is a denial of every twentieth century experiment in abstract organization
minitaturist techniqu (only a foot wide)
sour greens and yellow, unusual context, unnatural attributes, an unexpected scale
Dali obsessed with morphing hard and soft
"Soft Construction with Boiled Beans"
premontions of civil war
psychological torment and physical suffering
figure pulls iteself apart, while other body parts lay on the ground with beans
he refused to condemn hitler, he reacts to fascism with charateristic self interest.
"The Human Condition"
capacity for irony, uncanny invention, deadpan realism was appreciate in his art
an open window with an easel that completes the landscape
real space versus spatial illusion
outside ourselves even though it is only a mental representation of it that we experiance inside ourselves.
"The Rape The Lovers"
Freudian reperitoire of sexual anxiety and erotic interst