1. First responder can help ease a victims fear by?
    Reassuring– calm cool collective
  2. What’s the most important
    consideration a first responder should do when entering a scene?
    Scene Safety
  3. When should u move a victim that has an illness or injury vs when should u not?
    Move only if necessary or immediate danger
  4. What your personal protection equipment includes
    • eyewear
    • gloves
    • mask
    • apron
  5. When can a first responder stop care on a patient once care has begun?
    Only when advanced medical personnel relives you
  6. Compared to a symptom a sign is? (diff between sign and symptom)
    Sign you can see, symptom you can feel
  7. Muscle action is controlled by WHAT NIGGUH?**
    Skeletal muscles
  8. HIV can be transmitted by contact of
    Sexual intercourse, Bodily fluids, Blood contact to open cuts
  9. How TB is transmitted
    Through the air
  10. Why do u take BSI precautions?
    For your own safety (scene safety)
  11. Major system for CHF
    Congestive heart failure - failure of the heart to pump adequately
  12. Circulatory system - what its responsible for
    Responsible for carrying out blood throughout your body

    -Bloodpump, pipes
  13. Hepatitis B what it does/do:
    • Is a virus that can lead to aids or other bloodlborne
    • pathogens. Can spread by direct contact with infected blood.
  14. Have a storng emotional react
    First responders have strong emotional reaction to a scene
  15. When you are assessing a patients mental status its most important to consider what?
    use AVPU scale
  16. Hpothermia:
    A condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95F after prolonged exposure to cool or freezing temperatures.
  17. whats Abandonment, negligence and refusal of care?
    • Abandonment: leaving
    • Negligence : going over ur scope of practice - not carring
    • Refusal of care : not doing anything about it
  18. Whats important when checking scene when approaching a victim
    safe to approach - be prepared - get an imagine in ur head - block the scene if necessary - put ur safety before all else
  19. Best position for an unresponsive breathing patient without trauma
    Recovery position
  20. Pulses most concerned about the __ of a pulse if a victim is not breathing
  21. condition its called when breathing stopped
    respiratory arrest
  22. How long u should check a victim who is in grave condition vs someone who isn’t
    more than 5 no less 10
  23. Capillary refill what’s normal vs. what’s not
    if not refilling quickly its not normal
  24. Tracea, Epligotus, and pharynx
    • Epliglotus controlls food / breathing into lungs
    • Tracea - cartilage tubing that exists in your esophogus
    • Pharynx - mouth
  25. Jaw-thrust technique how?
    lift jaws to open airway use only when you suspect spine injury
  26. When giving breaths to a person not breathing how do u do it/how many?
    30 compresions 2 breaths
  27. Scope of practice includes __ as a first responder
    • Give oxygen
    • maintain airway
    • cpr
    • remove hazards
    • splinting
  28. coughing forcefully vs chocking
    • coughing forcefully - tell them to keep coughing
    • chocking - wont be able to cought (weezing complete blockage) heimlich menuver
  29. Which of the following positions should a victim experiencing pain/discomfort/or diffuclty breathing which position should u allow them to be in?
    semi reclining position
  30. IF Unable to determine altered level of consciousness u should do what?
  31. If air does not go into a unconscious victim after giving 2 breaths
    means airway is blocked - start doing compressions
  32. What the Function of skeletal system is
    support the system, protect the vital system, manufacture red blood cells
  33. Cardiac arrest
    when the heart stops beating
  34. Normal breathing rate of an adult
    15 to 20 breaths per minute
  35. How often u should give rescue breathes to an infant or child who is not breathing but
    DOES have a pulse
    1 every 3 seconds
  36. First 2 breathes do cause a victims chest to rise, what should u do?
    reposition head and start again
  37. Purpose of initial assessment
    • check responsive level
    • introduce yourself
    • determine level of conciouscness
    • check airway
    • check breathing
    • check circulation
    • check skin color
    • acknowledge chief complaint
  38. Triage and the start system
    Triage : The sorting of patients into groups according to the severity of their injuries - used to determine priorities for treatment and transport

    Start system : A system of casualty sorting using simple triage and rapid treatment
  39. When waiting for advance dmedical personnel dealing with a victim
    continue assessing victim untill advanced personnel arrives
  40. Which is the most dependable method of valuating the effectiveness of rescue breathing
    checking if chest rises (look listen feel first)
  41. Rates for CPR on adult
    100 compresions
  42. difference between ligaments and tendons
    • legiments - bone to bone
    • tendonds - muscle to bone
  43. Signs/Symptoms of shock:
    • Confusion, restlessness, anxiety
    • cold, clammy, sweaty, pale skin
    • Rapid breathing
    • Rapid, weak pulse
    • Increased capillary refill time
    • Nausea, Vomiting
    • Weakness or fainting
    • Thirst
  44. signs/symptoms of a fracture femur
    produces significant deformity, often much bleeding and swelling. Treat for shock and help prevent further injury
  45. Whats an Occlusive dressing? Whats it made out of?
    An Airtight dressing or bandage for a wound. use plastic, petroleum jelly, or gloves
  46. what happens in anaphylactic shock
    sever shock caused by an allergic reaction to food, medicine, or insect stings


    • itching sll over
    • hives, swelling
    • generalized weakness
    • unconciousness
    • rapid, weak pulse
    • rapid, shallow breathing
  47. What does DT stand for
    Delilrium tremens : a severe, often fatal, complication of alcohol withdrawal that can occur from 1 to 7 days after withdrawal. it is characterized by restlessness, fever, sweating, confusion, disorientation, agitation, hallucinations, and convulsions
  48. What do u do when someone is having a seizure?
    dont put anything in the mouth, don't restrain victim - keep away from hurting himself. after seizure and is not breathing begin CPR
  49. Most affective method to mobilize an injured shoulder:
    splint that biznatch.
  50. how to treat somone who inhaled any type of poison gas:
    • Remove him or her from the source of gas
    • if patient is not breathing; administer large quanities of oxygen(if available)
    • call for prompt transport

    *symptoms :

    • respiratory distress
    • Dizziness
    • Cough
    • Headache
    • Hoarseness
    • Confusion
    • Chest pain
  51. How to treat stings and bites:
    • Calm the patient
    • Apply constricting band for severe swelling
    • Apply band but do not cut off circulation
    • Apply an ice pack

    Snake bites:

    • Keep patient calm and quiet
    • wash poison off skin with soap and water
    • apply constricting band to extremity
    • transport to appropriate facility

    poison can cause local injury to the skin and muscle and may even involve the entire extremity. can cause:

    • respiratory difficulties
    • slurred speech
    • paralysis
    • coma
    • seizures
  52. SHOCK + General treatment for shock
    A state of collapse of the cardiovascular system; the state of inadequate delivery of blood to the organs of the body

    General treatment for shock:

    • 1. Position the patient corectly
    • 2. Maintain patients ABC's
    • 3. Treat cause of shock, if possible
    • 4. Maintain patients body tempurature by placing blankets under and over the patient
    • 5. Make sure the patient does not eat or drink anything
    • 6. Assist with other treatments such as oxygen
    • 7. Arrange for immediate and prompt transport to an appropriate medical facility
  53. What are ways poison can enter the body?
    Poison is a substance that causes illness or death when:

    • eaten
    • drunk
    • inhaled
    • injected or absorbed in relatively small qanitities.
  54. Define Frostbite and when/how it happens
    Frostbite can result when exposed parts of the body are in a cold enviroment. It can occur on a winter day, in a walk-in food freezer, or in a cold storage warehouse in the middle of the summer.

    *people weakened by old age, medical conditions, exhaustion, or hunger are the most susceptible to frostbite
  55. After a babies head is delivered and u have checked for life threats - what should you immediately do next?
    Make sure the baby is breathing by its cry:

    • 40 breaths per minute
    • 100 beats per minute
  56. Different types of heat illnesses + signs/symptoms
    Heat exhaustion - occurs when a person is exposed to temperatures above 80F

    Heat stroke - person has been in hot enviroment for long time, overwhelming the bodys sweating mechanism


    • Lightheadedness
    • Dizziness
    • Weak pulse
    • Profuse sweating
    • Nausea
  57. Define Epiglottis + signs/symptoms
    Epiglottis : severe inflammation and swelling of the voice box that prevents food from entering the larynx. (valve located upper end of the voice box)


    • The child is usually sitting upright (does not want to lay down)
    • Child cannot swallow
    • child is not coughing
    • Child is drooling
    • child is anxious and frightened
    • childs chin is thrust forward
  58. when holding a child what should u always do?
    support the head negro.
  59. When dealing with a multi-casualty incident who is the person in charge?
    Incident commander
  60. An elderly man has severe heart failure - his left ventricle is not pumping effecient amount of blood with each heart beat, what will most likely happen?
    Congestive heart failure
  61. Easy way of slowing bleedin from afterbirth
    Apply clean cloth/gaus bring her promptly to medical area, shift her hips
  62. assault battery
    beating someone (if suspected tell law enforcement officials)
  63. how to determine if the deliver is imminent
    • water breaks
    • contractions become larger and more frequent
Card Set
EMS final review