world history 3rd quarter exam

  1. describe the life of a medieval woman
    • peasant woman
    • worked hard all day and looked after own children
    • noblewomen
    • were more educated and had more leisure time
    • spent a lot of time in worship
    • had others to care for children
  2. for what 3 reasons did a Medieval Knight fight?
    • feudal lord
    • heavenly lord
    • his chosen lady
  3. what was the most important achievement of Pope Gregory I?
    He broadened the authority of papacy into the secular world and established Christendom.
  4. How were feuadlism and the manor system related?
    The lord usually was near the top of the feudal systme, who also is at the top of manor system and who provide fief to vassals.
  5. What is the Concordat of Worms and what did it do?
    The church alone can appoint the bishop, but the emperor could veto the appointment.
  6. What were the forces holding the feudal society together?
    Social classes and religion
  7. What factors caused the Vikings raids to eventually stop?
    gradually accepted Christianity

    warming trend in Europe's climate made farming easier

    viking and europe alliances
  8. What is Gelasius's two-swprds theory?
    God created 2 swords; pope-spiritual sword, emperor- pollitcal swords. If each kept authority in his own realm, the leaders could share power.
  9. How did Europead invasions help lead to the establishment of feudalism?
    Invasions caused disorder and suffering that left Europeans in constant danger. Kings couldn't defend lands and people started looking to local leaders with armies for protection.
  10. for what was the medieval castle built?
    home to the lord, lady, their family, knights, and servants

  11. For what achievement is Charlemagne most remembered?
    Building an empire greater than any known since Rome
  12. Why was the interdict an effective weapon for a pope to use against a king?
  13. What obligations did a lord have to his peasants?
    He provided them with housing, farmland, and protection frim bandits
  14. what are the general characteristics of the Germanic tribes?
    were held together by fmaily ties and loyalty

    governed by unwrittened rules and traditions

    warriors pledged loyalty
  15. what is the bargain made between a lord and a vassal?
    the exchange of military protection and other services with land to the vasal
  16. Over what issue did Pope Gregory VII and the German emperor Henry IV fight?
    they disagreed over who had power to annoint Church officials
  17. Why did learning decline during the last years of the Roman empire?
    The Germanic tribe disrupted the language.
  18. Why was the Church so important during an era of constant warfare and politcal turmoil?
    It was a stable force
  19. Why did he bishops decide to side with Pope Gregory VII after Henry IV was excommunicated?
    They decided with whoever had the most power
  20. What are the roots of medieval culture in Western Europe?
    • Classical heritage of Rome
    • beliefs of Roman Catholic Church
    • customs of various Germanic tribes
  21. What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
    The pope wanted to reclaim Jerusalem and reunite Christianity.
  22. What functions did the craft guilds perform?
    they trained people in skilled jobs and regulated the wuality of the goods sold.
  23. what was the name of the legislative body of medieval England?
  24. who was the most responsible for the spread of the bubonic plague in Europe?
  25. what was the most important effect of the Hundred Years' War?
    the church divided
  26. How was the Great Schism finally solved?
    The Council of Constance forced all 3 popes to resign and throwned Marvin V.
  27. What did the Magna Carta guarantee?
    Protection of nobles' rights and limited the King's power
  28. In what kind of language did Dnate Alighiri and Geoffrey Chaucer write?
  29. How did the Battle of Hastings change the course of English history.
    King William unified the control of England and laid the foundation for centralized governed,
  30. What are the characteristics of Gothic architecture?
    • ribbed vaults
    • pointed arches
    • flying buttresses
    • tall spires
  31. What was the central issue of the Hundred Years' War?
    fight for thrown in France and England
  32. What neg. effect of the Crusades continued to the present?
    they couldn't win over Jerusalem
  33. what was the agreement between Richard the Lion-Hearted and Saladin the Great.
    Saladin the Great keeps Jerusalem but allows Christian pilgrims to enter
  34. What problems were identified by Church reformers during the Middle Ages?
    The priests were nearly illiterate

    the popes had questionable morals

    bishops and abbots cared more about their position as feudal lord.
  35. When were Europeans able to begin studying ancient Greek works?
    When Jewish scholars translated Arabic versions of Greek into Latin.
  36. What was the effect of the 3-field system?
    2/3 of the planting field was planted and the other 1/3 rested. It allowed more food to be produced and leads to pop increase
  37. what were the effects of the Commercial Revolution?
    • expanded business and trade
    • trade routes open to Asia, North Africa and Byzantine port
  38. What did the decisions of the English royal courts of justice create?
    it formed the English common law which unifies the body of law.
  39. what were the effects of the Crusades?
    Constantinople was looted
  40. During the Middle Ages, where were most serfs likely to find freedom?
    after the Bubonic Plague
  41. why did more common people began to read literature during the Renassaince?
    the printing press was invented and made making books cheaper and faster.
  42. what roles were women expected to perform during the Reformation?
    • -not seek fame
    • -inspire, but not create art
    • -know classics and be charming
    • -little inflluence in politics
  43. what did william Shakespeare use many of his works to examine?
    Human flaws
  44. What was John Calvin's major teaching?
  45. What institutionwas Northern Humanists (Christian Humanists) critical of?
Card Set
world history 3rd quarter exam
medieval, renassaince..