1. Darwin
    • Variety of species
    • Emotions in animals and man
    • Animals are related and face common issues of adaptation
    • led to comparative psych
  2. Romanes
    • Mental evolution
    • animal intelligence
    • data collection method
    • anecdotal/naturally observed
    • introspection by analogy
    • simple w/ complex
  3. Morgan
    • Disliked Romanes thinking
    • law of parsimony
    • .... should not interpret behavior in higher mental process, if possible in terms of lower process
  4. Spencer
    Darwin/ social darwinism
  5. James
    • New scientific Psychology
    • teacher, gave psychology a point of view
    • Stream of consciousness, continuous
    • not restricted to introspection/ comparative
    • Emotions---see bear--run--afraid
  6. Dewey
    • Reflex arc- activity cannot be broken into parts, must be seen as a whole
    • Antireduhonistic- s--> r/s--> r/s-->
    • Difference between s and r are functional
    • s-r= reflex
    • development of adaptive behavior
    • begins disorganized----then automatic
    • education
  7. Angell
    • function of consciousness is to improve the adaptive abilities of the organism
    • mental activity- biological
    • Mind and body?
    • not dualistic, distinction is only a convenience
    • mind is a mediator
  8. Carr
    • Mental activity
    • occurs as organisms adopt and adjust
    • activity is psychophysical
    • Methods
    • Introspection/objective/experimental/ A&P
  9. Adaptive behavior
    Produced by stimulus and continues until motivating conditions are satisfied/stimulus no longer effective
  10. Woodsworth
    • Physiology, important to psych
    • 1. stimulus is not the cause, just part
    • 2. no s-r reaction is isolated or discrete
    • 3. s-r reaction can be broken in middle/ not unified
  11. Mechanisms and drives
    • how things are done--- mechanisms
    • why they are done---- drive
Card Set
history of psych exam 2