NUR 41 quiz 2 weeks 4-6

  1. Professional Standards
    This would be the 1st line of defense. It’s the definition of minimum competencies needed for quality professional nursing
  2. Professional licensure
    Ensures that each nurse has completed an accredited nursing program and can demonstrate it. All graduates must pass the NCLEX to become a nurse.
  3. Nurse Practice Act
    Considered a statutory law. Most important law between nurse-client relationships. Legal documents that communicate professional nursing’s scope of practice, nurse’s rights, responsibilities, and licensures. Each state has its own Nurse Practice act but they are all very similar since it falls under the ANA. Legal boundaries of safe nursing practice.
  4. Confidentiality
    Not the same as privacy!! It refers to the obligation not to divulge anything said in a nurse-client relationship. Privacy is when the client has the right to have control over their personal information.
  5. Informed consent
    Signed for a patient’s willingness to undergo treatment and a communication process. Also before the form is given for the patient to sign, the patient has to be assessed.
  6. HIPPAA (Health Insurance Portability and accountability act)
    Protects privacy of clients medication records and etc.
  7. Documentation –
    if the action was not written than it did not take place.
  8. Ethical code for nurses
    To establish guidelines to protect the client’s integrity. Recognize each individual as unique. Requires a clear understanding of the multidimensional aspects of a ethical dilemma
  9. Advanced Directives –
    legal document by client or legal proxy to identify individual preferences for the level of care at the end of life. There are many types
  10. Living will
  11. Medical power of attorney for health care decisions
  12. Durable power of attorney
  13. Do Not Resuscitate Order
  14. Durable mental health
  15. Power of attorney
  16. Client’s Bill of Rights
  17. Utilitarian Model
    says that the “rightness” or “wrongness” of an action is always a function of its consequences. Goodness of an action is determined by its outcomes
  18. Autonomy
    The clients right to self-determination. When you let a client decide about their own healthcare.
  19. Medical Paternalism
    When physicians made decisions for clients based on what they thought was best for the client.
  20. Beneficence
    A decision that should result in the greatest good or produces the least harm to the client.
  21. Nonmaleficence
    avoiding actions that bring harm to another person.
  22. Justice
    Being fair or impartial. For ex. scarce drugs. (unnecessary Treatment, Social worth, Veracity)
  23. veracity
    Having a trust bond between nurse and client. Having to tell the truth in all times to have trust except when you don’t want to put a distress client in emotional distress.
  24. Fidelity
    (faithfulness to ones duties)
  25. Personal Value system
    developed over a lifetime and family, beliefs, and years of experiences shapes our personal values. Strongly held values become a part of self concept.
  26. Professional value system
    The values held in common by the members of the profession. Our education as nurses helps us acquire this. For ex. Maintaining client confidentiality is a professional value.
  27. Moral uncertainty
    When a nurse is uncertain as to which moral rules apply to a given situation.
  28. Moral Distress
    When the nurse knows what is right but is bound to do other wise because legal constraints.
  29. Civil law
    protects the rights of individuals within our society and encourages fair and equitable treatment among people. When violated that means that an individual or property has been harmed and unlike criminal laws It involves the payment of money. A tort is an example of a civil law. (negligent actions)
  30. Torts
    A civil wrong that was made against a person or property. Deliberate intent is not present.
  31. Intentional Torts
    is a category of torts that describes a civil wrong resulting from an intentional act on the part of the nurse
  32. Defamation
    publication of false statements that result in damage to a person’s reputation.
  33. Assault & Battery
    “Assault” – Any intentional threat to bring about harm or offensive contact. No actual contact is necessary.

    “Battery” – Any intentional touching without consent. The key issue is a clients consent.
  34. False imprisonment
    unjustified restraining of a person without legal warrant.
  35. Invasion of privacy
    protects the client’s right to be free from unwanted intrusions into their private affairs.
  36. Negligence
    Conduct that falls below a standard of car. Established to protect others from unreasonably great risks of harm. Ex. Hanging the wrong IV solution.
  37. Malpractice
    A type of negligence. If nurses give care that does not meet appropriate stands. Not that the nurse would intentionally want to hurt the client. Ex. Not checking a client’s armband and administering the wrong meds to the wrong client.
  38. Liability
    When you are responsible for a certain part.
Card Set
NUR 41 quiz 2 weeks 4-6
NUR 41 quiz 2 weeks 4-6 ethical decision making and nurse-client relationship