HGD test 5 Chapter 9 and 10

  1. Adolescence
    takes a person from childhood to adulthood including socioemotional, congnitive, and physical changes
  2. Puberty
    A period of rapid physical maturation involving hormonal and bodily changes that occur primarily during early adolescence
  3. Hypothalamus
    a structure in the higher portion of the brain that monitors eating and sex
  4. Testosterone
    The male hormone
  5. Estradiol
    The femal hormone
  6. Gonads
    the sex glands
  7. The ____ thickens and this improves ability to process information
    Corpus collosum
  8. Sexual orientation
    sex attractions
  9. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
    infections contracted primarily through sexual contact
  10. The leading causes of deathin teens
    • Accidents
    • Homicides
    • suicides
  11. Anorexia Nervosa
    an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation
  12. Bulimia Nervosa
    an eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge-and-purge pattern
  13. Piaget's 4th stage
    Formal operational thought
  14. Hypothetical deducting reasoning
    Piaget's formal operational concept that adolescents have the cognitive ability to develop hypothesis, or best guesses, about ways to solve problems.
  15. Adolescent egocentrism
    A heightened self consciousness of adolescents.
  16. Executive Functioning
    involves higher-order cognitive activities such as reasoning, making decisions, and monitoring one's cognitive progress.
  17. The lungs ____ in size and weight.
  18. The heart ____ in size
  19. Invincibility fables
    immune to normal troubles and dangers
  20. Personal Fable
    the part of the adolescent egocentrism that involves an adolescents sense of uniqueness and invincibility
  21. Imaginary audience
    adolescent's belief that others are as interested in them as they themselves are; attention getting behavior motivated by a desire to be noticed and visible.
  22. Erikson's 5th stage
    Identity vs identity confusion
  23. crisis
    a period of identity development during which the adolescent is exploring alternatives.
  24. Commitment
    the part of identity development in which adolescents show a personal investment in forming an identity
  25. Identity diffusion
    adolescents who have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments
  26. identity foreclosure
    adolescents who have made a commitment but have not yet experienced a crisis
  27. identity moratorium
    adolescents who are in the midst of a crisis, but their commitments are absent or vaguely defined
  28. Identity achievement
    adolescents who have undergone a crisis and have made a commitment
  29. Ethnic identity
    an enduring, basic aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group and the attitudes and feelings related to that membership.
  30. Individuality
    consists of 2 dimensions: self-assertion (ability to have and communicate a point of view) and separatenes (the use of communication patterns to express how one is different from others.
  31. Connectedeness
    consists of 2 dimensions: mutuality (sensitivity to, and respect for, others' views), and permeability (openess to others' views).
  32. Rite of passage
    a ceremony or ritual that marks an individuals' transition from childhod to adulthood.
  33. Assimilation
    the absorption of ethnic minority groups into the dominant group.
  34. pluralism
    coexistence of distinct ethnic and cultural groups in the same society, each of which maintains its cultural differences
  35. Juvenile delinquent
    an adolescent who breaks the law or engages in behavior that is considered illegal
  36. ____is the leading cause of death in ages 10-19
  37. _______are more likely to attempt suicide
  38. ___are more likely to succeed in suicide
  39. Four problems that affect most adolescents
    • Drug abuse
    • Juvenile delinuency
    • Sexual problems
    • school related problems
  40. Individuality
    consists of two dimensions: self assertion (ability to haven and communicate a point of view) and separateness (the use of communication patterns to express how one is different from others
  41. Connectedness
    Consists of 2 dimensions: mutuality (sensitivity to, respect for, other's views), and permiability (openness to other's views
Card Set
HGD test 5 Chapter 9 and 10
HGD test 5 Chapter 9 and 10