St. Gregs: 7th grade: SS: ch.10

  1. Thomas Jefferson
    Third president of teh US, elected 1801
  2. Judiciary Act of 1801
    Law that allowed President John Adams fill federal judgeships with Federalists.
  3. John Marshall
    Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by President John Adams.
  4. Judicial Review
    principal that states the Supreme Court has the final say in interpreting the constitution
  5. radical
    a person who takes extreme political positions
  6. Federalists
    political party of Hamilton & Adams; supported a strong centralized government
  7. Democratic-Republican
    Jefferson's political party; feared a strong central government
  8. How was the election of 1800 resolved?
    The House of Representives voted 35 times resulting in a tie, the 36th time Jefferson was elected.
  9. Why was this significant?
    This was the first time in history a government peacefully changed its political agenda.
  10. Marbury vs. Madison
    This was first time the Supreme Court exercised its right of Judicial Review;it deemed the Judiciary Act of 1801 unconstitutional.
  11. Meriweather Lewis
    Army Captain appointed by President Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Territory and lands west to the Pacific Ocean.
  12. William Clark
    co-leader of Lewis & Clark expedition
  13. Louisiana Purchase
    American purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803.
  14. Lewis & Clark Expedition
    group that discovered the Louisiana Territory & landa west; also known as the Corps of Discovery
  15. Sacagawea
    Shoshone woman who assisted the Lewis & Clark Expedition
  16. Zebulon Pike
    Leader of the southern expedition in the Louisiana Territory
  17. corps
    A number of people acting together for a similar purpose.
  18. What are some of the effects of exploring the Louisiana territory?
    Valuable descriptions of the land were made public, thought not all descriptions were acurate.
  19. Why did the US want The Louisiana Territory
    They wanted to control the port of New Orleans.
  20. Embargo Act
    Law that forbade American ships from sailing to foreign ports & closed American ports to Bristish ships.
  21. How did this Embargo Act effect the US?
    The Embargo Act hurt the US more than France or Britain. US farmers lost key markets for their goods. Shippers had nothing to ship.
  22. Tecumseh
    Shawnee Chief who sought to stop the loss of Native American lands to white settlers.
  23. war hawk
    westerner who supported the War of 1812
  24. Oliver Hazard Perry
    naval officer who led the US victory over teh Bristish on Lake Erie in 1813
  25. tribute
    payement in exchange for protection
  26. impressment
    the act of seizing by force, between 1803-1813, the Bristish impressed or kidnapped, about 6,000 American sailors to work on British ships.
  27. coercion
    Practice of forcing someone to act in a certain way by use of pressure or threats.
  28. What conflicts did the US have with other nations in the early 1800s?
    From 1801-1805, the US was at war with Tripoli, a state on te Barbary coast of North Africa.
  29. What were the effects of the War of 1812?
    • * increased American patriotism
    • * The war broke the strength of Native Americans who sided with Bristish
    • * Embargo forced American to produce goods previously imported
    • * 1st time our young nation felt it would survive & prosper.
  30. Francis Scott Key
    Washington lawyer who wrote Star Spangled Banner
Card Set
St. Gregs: 7th grade: SS: ch.10
Jefferson Era