Regulations overview

  1. What rodents are excluded from the Animal Welfare Act definition of �animal�?
    Rats of the genus Rattus and mice of the genus Mus, bred for use in research
  2. What type of licensee includes a person who meets the AWA definition of dealer and whose business includes the purchase and/or resale of any animal?
    Class B dealer
  3. Maintenance of what humidity range is required by the AWAR for indoor housing facilities?
    30 to 70 percent
  4. According to AWAR regulations, a study area includes facilities outside the core facility where animals are housed for more than what period of time?
    12 Hours
  5. Who are the 2 members required by AWAR to form the 3-person IACUC?
    A doctor of veterinary medicine and a Non-affiliated person
  6. If an IACUC consists of more than 3 members, how many members can be from the same administrative unit of the Facility?
  7. How often must the IACUC review the facility's program for humane care and use of animals and inspect all of it�s animal facilities, including animal study areas?
    At least once every six months
  8. What animals do NOT require a dedicated facility for non-major operative procedures and all surgery?
  9. How long must records related directly to proposed activities and proposed significant changes in ongoing activities reviewed and approved by the IACUC be kept?
    For the duration of the activity and an additional three years beyond completion.
  10. Who is required to sign the USDA annual report?
    The CEO or Institutional Official
  11. When is the annual report due covering the previous fiscal year?
    On or before December 1st
  12. How long must an official USDA tag be held after removal by a dealer or exhibitor?
    Until called for by an APHIS official or for a period of one year
  13. No animal identification number shall be used within what period of time following its previous use?
    5 Years
  14. Any live dog or cat acquired by a dealer or exhibitor shall be held by him or her, under his or her supervision or control for what period of time?
    For a period of not less than 5 full days
  15. Any live dog or cat acquired by a dealer or exhibitor from any private or contract animal pound or shelter shall be held for what period of time?
    For a period of not less than 10 full days, not including the day of acquisition, after acquiring the animal, excluding time in transit
  16. Live dogs or cats held for a 5 or 10 day holding period, must be held for what period of time by each subsequent dealer or exhibitor?
    Minimum of 24 hours, excluding time in transit
  17. How often must hard surfaces with which dogs and cats come in contact be spot-cleaned?
  18. What is the formula for calculating floor space for dog housing ?
    (length of dog in inches + 6)2 / 144 = required floor space in square feet
  19. What is the minimal required height of a primary enclosure for dogs?
    6 inches higher than the head of the tallest dog in the enclosure when it is in the NORMAL STANDING POSITION
  20. How many adult non-conditioned dogs may be housed in the same primary enclosure?
    • Not more than 12
    • How often must USED primary enclosures and food and water receptacles for dogs and cats be sanitized?
  21. At least once every two weeks
    • What species of animal must NOT be housed in outdoor facilities, as stated in AWAR?
    • Hamsters
  22. When can guinea pigs be housed in outdoor facilities?
    When those facilities are located in an appropriate climate and prior approval for such outdoor housing is obtained from the Deputy Administrator.
  23. How many live guinea pigs or hamsters can be transported in the same primary enclosure?
    No more than 15 live guinea pigs and no more than 50 live hamsters
  24. Does an indoor housing facility for rabbits need to be heated?
    By regulation (and therefore the correct answer on a test), no, but hey, if you are in Alaska, um, you might want some heat folks!
  25. How often must rabbits be fed?
    Once daily
  26. How often must a primary enclosure for rabbits be sanitized?
    At least once every 30 days
  27. How many live rabbits can be transported in the same primary enclosure?
    Not more than 15 live rabbits.
  28. The environmental enhancement plan to promote psychological well-being in non-human primates must address what 5 areas?
    • Social Grouping
    • Environmental Enrichment
    • Special Considerations
    • Restraint Devices
    • Exemptions
  29. What 5 groups of NHP require special considerations?
    • Infants and young juveniles
    • Those exhibiting signs of psychological distress
    • Those used in approved protocols requiring restricted activity
    • Individually housed NHP that cannot see or hear other compatible species
    • Great apes over 55kg
  30. In determining the minimum space required in a pool holding cetaceans, what four factors must be satisfied?
    • Minimum Horizontal Dimension (MHD)
    • Depth
    • Volume
    • Surface Area
  31. The coliform bacteria count of the primary enclosure pool shall not exceed what level?
    • 1, 000 MPN per 100 ml of water
    • MPN=most probable number
  32. What law provides the statutory mandate for the PHS Policy?
    The Health Research Extension Act of 1985, Public Law 99-158, �Animals in Research�
  33. What group developed the U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in testing, Research, and Training?
    The Interagency Research Animal Committee
  34. What is the PHS Policy definition of �animal�?
    Any live, vertebrate animal used or intended for use in research, research training, experimentation, or biological testing or for related purposes
  35. For what period of time can an Animal Welfare Assurance be approved?
    No longer than five years
  36. What is a �Category 1� institution?
    An AAALAC accredited institution.
  37. According to PHS Policy, how many members must serve on an IACUC?
    Not less than five
  38. Who are the PHS Policy-required members of an IACUC?
    • One Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
    • One Practicing Scientist
    • One Non-Scientific Member
    • One Non-Affiliated Member
  39. How often must the IACUC, through the IO, report in writing to OLAW?
    At least once every 12 months
  40. If an institution does not have an approved Assurance, who negotiates an Assurance with the institution before an award is made?
  41. What are the four chapters of The Guide?
    • Institutional Policies and Responsibilities
    • Animal Environment, Housing, and Management
    • Veterinary Medical Care
    • Physical Plant
  42. What is the Guide definition of �laboratory animal�
    Any vertebrate animal used in research, teaching, or testing
  43. According to the Guide, what �approach� is desirable when achieving specified outcomes?
    A �Performance� Approach (vs. Engineering)
  44. According to the Guide, what members must serve on he IACUC?
    • A doctor of veterinary medicine
    • At least one practicing scientist
    • At least one public member
  45. What is the minimum amount of time an IACUC should meet?
    At least once every 6 months
  46. What is a major surgery?
    Major surgery penetrates and exposes a body cavity or produces substantial impairment of physical or physiologic function
  47. Operational and day-to-day responsibility for safety in the workplace resides with whom?
    The laboratory or facility supervisor
  48. What term describes the physical environment immediately surrounding the animal
  49. What is the Guide recommended guideline for air changes in secondary enclosures?
    10-15 air changes per hour
  50. What is the recommended light level at the cage level for animals that have been shown to be susceptible to phototoxic retinopathy?
    130-325 lux
  51. For pens and runs, if animal waste is removed by flushing, how often does flushing need to be done?
    At least once a day.
  52. In general, how often should enclosures and accessories be sanitized?
    Once every 2 weeks
  53. Effective disinfection can be achieved with wash and rinse water at what temperature (range)?
    143-180 F or more
  54. The separation of newly received animals from those already in the facility until the health and possibly the microbial status of the newly received animals have been determined is termed _____.
  55. What is the principal method for detecting viral infections is ____.
    Serologic testing
  56. Who shares responsibility for ensuring that post-surgical care is appropriate?
    The investigator and veterinarian.
  57. What corridor width can accommodate the needs of most facilities?
    6-8 feet
  58. What is the recommended door size to allow easy passage of racks and equiment?
    42 X 84 inches
  59. What is the recommended minimum diameter of drainpipes?
    4 inches (wider for larger species)
  60. An HVAC system should be capable of adjustment in dry bulb temperatues of what range?
    +/- 1C (+/- 2F)
  61. What is the recommended humidity range in animal housing areas?
  62. What is the recommended temperature for storage of dead animals and animal-tissue waste?
    Below 7C (44.6F)
  63. What are the five functional areas of a surgery facility?
    • Surgical Support
    • Animal Preparation
    • Surgeon�s Scrub
    • Operating Room
    • Post-operative Recovery
  64. According to the AG guide, what members are required for the IACUC?
    • A scientist from an institution who has experience in agricultural research or teaching involving agricultural animals
    • An animal, dairy, or poultry scientist who has training and experience in the management of agricultural animals
    • Veterinarian with training and experience in agricultural animal medicine
    • Non-scientific member
    • Non-affiliated member
  65. What is the recommended light level for housing sheep and goats?
    220 lux
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