Bio II opowell

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    • Seedless vascular plant
    • Whisk fern
    • sporeophyte
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    • Moss
    • Sporophyte generation
    • Moss is diploid and produces haploid spores by meiosis
    • The spores develop by mitosis and produce a gametophyte
  4. 1. What does the gametophyte generation produce?
    2. Fusion of the gametes at fertilization produces _______.
    3. The _____ divides by mitosis to produce the ________ sporophyte.
    • 1. haploid gametes called egg and sperm
    • 2. zygote
    • 3. zygote, diploid
  5. 1. Plants are classified under domain _______ and kingdom _______.
    2. Plants are terrestrial, __________ _________ that produce food by photosynthesis.
    • 1. Eukarya, plantae
    • 2. multicellular eukaryotes
  6. 1. The _____ _______ functions to anchor the plant below ground and absorb water and ions.
    2. The ______ ________ above the ground allows the pland to receive sun for photosynthesis
    3. __________ ______ is internal tissue that transports food and water
    • 1. Root system
    • 2. Shoot system
    • 3. Vascular tissue
  7. 1. The Vascular tissue includes __________ and __________.
    1. Xylem and phloem
  8. 1.What does xylem do?
    1. Transports water from the roots to the leaves.
  9. What does Phloem do?
    transports sugars and dissolved organic compounds
  10. What provides strength and permit upright growth?
    Lignin reinforced tissues
  11. What retains moisture within the plant?
    What is it?
    • Cuticle
    • A transparent covering of wax.
  12. What allows oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffuse across the leaf?
    Were are they located?
    • Stomata
    • underside of the leaves
  13. What is the stomata surrounded by?
    2 guard cells
  14. What do guard cells do and where are they located?
    regulate the opening and closing of the stomata

    They are located around the stomata
  15. The seedless, nonvascular plants and the seedless vascular plants depend on a sheet of water. What purpose does this serve?
    Allows the sperm to swim to the egg.
  16. Gymnosperms disperse the species by a
  17. What are the bryophytes?
    seedless, nonvascular plants with dependent embryos
  18. What develops lignin for support and vascular tissues?
    seedless vascular plants
  19. What are the characteristic of kingdom plantae?
    • multicellular
    • Primarily terrestrial eukaryotes
    • well developed tissues
    • autotrophic by photosynthesis
    • alteration of generations
    • protection of embryo
  20. Name the phylum for non vascular plants.
    • Anthoceropyta- hornworts
    • Hepatophyta- liverworts
    • Bryophyta- mosses
  21. What is the phylum for hornworts?
  22. What is the phylum for liverworts?
  23. What is the phylum for mosses?
  24. What is the phylum for lycophyta?
    club mosses
  25. What is the phylum for sphenophyta?
  26. What is the phylum for psilotophyta
    Whisk fern
  27. What is the phylum for pterophyta?
  28. Name the phylums for seedless vascular plants.
    • lycophyta-club mosses
    • sphenophyta-horsetails
    • psilotophyta-whisk ferns
    • pterophyta-ferns
  29. Name the phylums for seed plants (gymnosperms).
    • coniferophyta-conifers
    • cycadophyta-cyads
    • ginkophyta-ginko tree
    • gnetophyta-gnetophytes
  30. What is the phylum for conifers?
  31. What is the phylum for cycads?
  32. What is the phylum for ginkgo tree?
  33. What are flowering plants?
  34. Gametophyte produces:
    (n) haploid gamates
  35. The sporophyte generation is
    diploid (2n)
  36. When does meiosis occur in the animal life cycle?
    When producing gametes. (off spring)
  37. When does meiosis occur in the plant life cycle?
  38. The __________generation produces gamates
    gametophyte generation
  39. The sperm/egg zygote is
    diploid (2n)
  40. The male in Bryophoyta is called
  41. The female in Bryophyta (moss) is called
  42. In Bryophyta (moss) the ______ contains the ____.
    capsule; meiospores
  43. In bryophyta, when the capsule bursts it releases ___________.
  44. The bryophytes are seedless nonvascular plants and include what plants?
    • liverwort
    • hornwort

  45. Why are the bryophytes short and grow close to the ground?
    because the lack of a vascular tissue.
  46. In the seedless non vascular plant, the sporophyte has a long stalk with a capsule called the ______.
  47. What is the covering of the capsule that opens to release the haploid spores?
  48. In the bryophytes, the antheridium is
  49. The moss sporophyte develops from the zygote within an
  50. Liverwort's genus name is
  51. The liverwort looks like a
    martini glass
  52. On the liverwort, what is the green vegetive structure produced on the upper surface of the thallus?
    gemma cup
  53. In the liverwort, what is the flat leaflike structure that grows along the ground?
  54. I
  55. In the Liverwort, Where is the sperm produced?
  56. In the liverwort, where are the eggs produced?
  57. The female liverwart with eggs looks like an
  58. In the liverwort, the male looks like a
    martini glass
  59. In the liverwort, Female gametophytes bear what?
  60. List the seedless vascular plants include what plants?
    • whisk ferns
    • club mosses,
    • horsetails and ferns
  61. Why are seedless vascular plants called amphibians of plants?
    because they live on land, but still need water to reproduce.
  62. List the vascular tissues in the seedless vascular plants
    xylem, phloem, lignin
  63. What does xylem, phloem and lignin permit?
    upright growth and roots, stems and leaves
  64. What generation dominates the seedless vascular plants?
    sporophyte generation
Card Set
Bio II opowell
San Jacinto