Chapter 6 Anth

  1. Domestication
    The taming of wild plants and animals by humans.
  2. Cultivation
    The human manipulation or fostering of a plant species(often wild) to enhance or ensure production.
  3. Llama
    A woolly south american herbivore with long soft wool.
  4. alpaca
    a domesticated south american herbivore with long, soft wool
  5. Camelid
    A ruminant mammel such as camel, llama and extinct related forms-having long legs and two toes.
  6. oasis hypothesis
    The theory that domestication began as a symbiotic relationship between humans, plants, and animals at oases duting the desication of southwest asia at the end of the pleistocene.
  7. Natural habitat hypothesis
    The theory that the earliest domesticates appeared in the area that their wild ancestors inhabited.
  8. Population Pressure Hypothesis
    The theory that the population increase in southwest asia upset the balance between people and food, forcing people to turn to agriculture as a way to porduce more food.
  9. Edge Hypothesis
    The theory that the need for more food was initially felt at the margins of the natural habitat of the ancestors of domesticated plants and animals; a revised version of the population pressure hypothesis.
  10. Social Hypothesis
    The theory that domestication allowed certain individuals to accumulate food surplus and to transform those foods into more valued items, such as rare stones or metals and even social alliances.
  11. Sedentism
    Living in permanent, year-round contexts, such as villages.
  12. Levant
    A mountainous region paralleling the eastern shore of the mediterranean, including parts of the countries of Turkey, Syria, Lebonon and Israel.
  13. Mortar
    A bowl-shaped grinding tool, used with a wood or stone pestle for grinding various materials
  14. quern
    A stone grinding surface for preparing grans and other plant foods and for ginding other materials.
  15. Gazelle
    One of several species of small to medium swift and graceful antelopes native to Asia and Africa.
  16. Net-Sinker
    A small weight attached to fishing nets.
  17. Sickle
    A tool for cutting the stalks of cereals, especially wheat. Prehistoric sickles were usually stone blades set in a wood or antler handle.
  18. Tell
    A mound composed of mud bricks and refuse, accumulated as a result of human activity.
  19. Flotation
    A technique for the recovery of plant remains from archaeolofical sites. sediments or pit contents are poured into water or heavy liquid; the lighter, carbonized plant remains gloat to the top for recovery, while the heavier sediments and other materials fall to the bottom.
  20. archaeobotany
    The study of plant remains from archaeological sites.
  21. rachis
    The stem that holds seeds to the stalk in wheat or other plants
  22. Glume
    The tough seed cover of many cereal kernels
  23. Shattering
    Natural mechanism of seed dispersal.
  24. Archaeozoology
    The study of animal remains from archaeological sites
Card Set
Chapter 6 Anth
These are the words for chapter 6.