1. What is the action of Lantus?
    • Onset 1-2 hours
    • No peak
  2. What is the duration of Humalog/Novolog?
    lasts 3-4 hours
  3. What is the action of Humalog/Novolog?
    • Onset 15-30 minutes
    • Peak 30-90 minutes
  4. What is the duration of Humulin R/Novolin R?
    lasts 3-6 hours
  5. What is the action of Humulin R/Novolin R?
    • onset 30 minutes
    • Peak 2-3 hours
  6. What is the action of Humulin N/Novolin N?
    • onset 1-4 hours
    • Peak 4-12 hours
    • usually given 2x daily
  7. Which insulin can be given IV or in a pump?
    Humulin R/Novolin R
  8. Which HRT is indicated if patient has had a hysterectomy? If not?
    • If hysterectomy - Premerin
    • If not - Prempro
  9. What type of drug is Sudafed?
    Alpha 1 adrenergic agonist
  10. What type of drug is Benadryl?
  11. Which drug is contraindicated for older adults?
    Benadryl = causes confusion
  12. What are pharmacodynamics?
    What the drug does to the body
  13. What are pharmacokinetics?
    What the body does to the drug
  14. What is an additive effect?
    Two or more drugs working together to provide the desired effect
  15. What is an agonistic effect?
    affinity and stmulation at a receptor site
  16. What is a synergistic effect?
    two or more drugs working together to prvide more of the desired effect than working alone
  17. What do alpha 1 adrenergic agonists do?
    have an adrenergic effect - perepheral vasoconstriction, pupil contraction, bladder sphincter contraction eg cardura for prostate
  18. What do alpha 2 adrenergic agonists do?
    in CNS they lower the blood pressure
  19. What do beta 1 adrenergic agonists do?
    increase heart rate and force of contraction
  20. What do beta 2 adrenergic agonists do?
    dialate bronchioles, uterine relaxation, glycogenolysis/gluconeogenesis
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