1. To what does act refer?
    to the words a writer or speaker uses when describing action in a particular situation
  2. To what does first triad refer?
    the claim, data(or grounds) and warrant
  3. To what does the second triad refer?
    the backing, qualifier, and rebutal
  4. What is polysyndeton?
    the deliberate use of a series of conjuctions, usually for emphasis
  5. What is paraleipsis?
    pretending to avoid discussing something but actually emphasizing it by doing so
  6. What is juxtaposition?
    the placement of two things side by side for comparison or emphasis
  7. What is begging the question?
    a logical fallacy that loads the conclusion in the claim
  8. To what does vague words refer?
    to abstract diction in which a speaker or writer does not make his point clear because nothing has been defined in the claim
  9. To what does qualifier refer?
    states the degree of force to be attached to the claim
  10. To what does refutation refer?
    the part of speech in which the speaker anticipates and counters objections to points being raised
  11. To what does the canon refer?
    one of the traditional elements of composition. the five canons are: invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery
  12. What is innuendo?
    an indirect or subtle, and usually derogatory, implication
  13. What is inductive reasoning?
    the type of reasoning that starts with a number of specific examples and then demonstrates how they collectively illustrate a general principle
  14. What is deductive reasoning?
    begins with a generalization and concludes with specific instances that demonstrate the general principle
  15. What is common ground?
    something agreed to by all parties
  16. To what does warrant refer?
    connects the claim to the data; usually implicit
  17. What are anticipated objections?
    the writer's or speaker's addressing potential concerns or disagreements before these objections have been voiced
  18. What are appeals?
    one of three strategies used for persuasion
  19. What does it mean to concede?
    to yield a point, usually reluctantly
  20. What is a cause-and-effect claim?
    a debatable assertion about the sequence of events
  21. What is a character appeal?
    an appeal to the credibility and charater of the writer
  22. What is a claim of fact?
    an assertion of "facts" that are not easily measured or agreed upon
  23. What is a claim of policy?
    asserts taht a definite course of action should be either implemented or abolished
  24. What is a claim of value?
    an assertion that makes an evaluation
  25. What is a claim?
    the main point or thesis of an essay
  26. What is a cliche?
    an overused expression
  27. What is a counterargument?
    a challenge to a position
  28. What is a digression?
    a remark or series of remarks that wander from the main point of a discussion or argument
  29. What is a double entendre?
    the purposeful use of ambiguity
  30. What is an euphemism?
    a gentler word or expression for something painful or unpleaseant
  31. What is a fact?
    informatino that is true or demonstrable
  32. What is a faulty cmparison?
    an argument based on the comparison of two things that are similar but not identical
  33. What is hasty generalization?
    a conclusion that is not justified by sufficient or unbiased evidence
  34. What is a leading question?
    a question that is worded to suggest a proper and/or desired answer
  35. What is a logical appeal?
    an appeal to reason
  36. What is a major premise?
    the first premise of syllogism
  37. What is a minor premise?
    the second premise of a syllogism
  38. What is a non sequitur?
    a logical fallacy in which the conclusion does not follow from the premise
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