Certified Sommelier - France.txt

  1. State the quality levels of French wine (from most regulated to least regulated)
    • Appelation d'Origine Controlee (AOC) - Region, Sub-Region, Village, Vineyard Classification
    • Vin Delimite de Qualite Superieure (VDQS)
    • Vin de Pays
    • Vin de Table
  2. Define Negociant
    Merchant who buys grapes or juice or wine from others and sells wine under their own name
  3. State the AOCs of Alsace
    • Alsace: regional AOC, 11 grapes, if varietal label must be 100%
    • Cremant d'Alsace: regional AOC, Pinot Blanc dominates but not required, methode traditionnelle
    • Alsace Grand Cru: vineyard classification AOC, 51 vineyards, blends OK, only noble grapes
  4. State 3 things that an AOC might regulate
    • Always: Origin of grapes (where grown), Grape varieties
    • Possibly: Yields of vineyards (tons/acre), yields from pressing (liters per ton), Harvest date, Alcohol levels (min/max), Sugar levels (min/max), Viticultural techniques (trellising), Vinicultural techniques, Classifications (e.g., premier cru)
  5. State the noble grapes of Alsace ("AL-ZASS")
    • Riesling
    • Gewurztramminer
    • Pinto Gris (aka Tokay d'Alsace)
    • Muscat
    • Sylvaner from Zotzenbery vineyard
  6. Describe the typical style of Alsace wines
    • mostly white
    • dry
    • more full and dry than German counterparts
    • little (neutral) to no oak
    • med to high acidity
    • med to high alcohol
  7. Define Vendage Tardive (VT)
    • late harvest wine, not necessarily sweet, only noble grapes (G/PG higher min ripeness than R/M)
    • Small vineyards, only made in exceptional years, may be Grand Cru
  8. Define Selection de Grains Noble (SGN)
    • dessert sweet due to botrytis, only noble grapes (G/PG higher min ripeness than R/M)
    • Small vineyards, only made in exceptional years, may be Grand Cru
  9. Name any sparkling wine AOC of the Loire
    • Cremant de Loire (min 80% Chenin Blanc with Chardonnay, etc.)
    • Saumur Mousseux (Chenin Blanc with up to 20% Chardonnay and Sauvingnon Blanc)
  10. Name the synonym & sub-region for Muscadet
    • Melon de Bourgogne (aka Gamay Blanc); Also allowed is Folle Blanc
    • Muscadet AOC
    • Muscadet des Coteaux de la Loire [Sur Lie] AOC
    • Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu [Sur Lie] AOC
    • Muscadet de Sevre-et-Maine [Sur Lie] AOC
    • *Muscadet Sur Lie AOC (term may be appended only to the 3 sub-appellations above)
  11. Name the grapes of Sancerre & 1 similar AOC & their sub-region
    • Sauvignon Blanc
    • Pinot Noir
    • Pouilly-Fume is across the river from Sancerre but has no red or rose wine
    • Central Vineyards
  12. Name the grape of Vouvray & its sub-region
    • Chenin Blanc (may contain Arbois); Mondavi's Fume Blanc mimics this style
    • Touraine
  13. Name the AOC of Coulee de Serrant & Roche Aux Moines & its sub-region
    • Savennieres (Chateau de la) Roche-aux-Moines AOC
    • Savennieres (Clos de la) Coulee-de-Serrant AOC
    • Anjou-Saumur
  14. Describe Kimmeridgian & Silex soils
    • Kimmeridgian is blue-grey limestone
    • Silex is a flint and sand based soil type formed from a mixture of clay, limestone and silca
    • Both soil types are found in Sancerre
  15. Name two AOCs of Loire for Cabernet Franc & their sub-region
    • Chinon (Touraine)
    • Bourgueil and St. Nicolas-de-Bourgueil (Touraine)
    • Saumur-Champigny (Anjou-Saumur)
  16. Name 2 AOCs for botrytis wines & their sub-region
    • Bonnezeaux
    • Quarts-de-Chaume
    • Chaume 1er Cru des Coteaux du Layon
    • Coteaux du Layon Villages (Beaulieu-sur-Layon, Faye-d'Anjou, Rablay-sur-Layon, Rochefort-sur-Loire, Saint-Aubin-de-Luigne and Saint-Lambert-du-Lattay; usually, the "de" or "sur" part is dropped)
    • Anjou-Saumur
  17. Name the sub-regions of Burgundy
    • Cote de Nuits
    • Cote de Beaune
    • Cote Challonaise
    • Maconnaise
    • Beaujolais
  18. Name the sparkling wine of Burgundy
    • Cremant de Bourgogne
    • Sparkling whites and rose from Pinot Noir, Pino Gris, Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay, Sacy, Aligote, Melon, and max of 20% Gamay
  19. Name the still wine regional AOC of Burgundy
  20. Name the best soil type of Chablis
  21. Name the major white grape of Burgundy
  22. Name the AOC for Sauvignon Blanc in Burgundy
    Sauvignon de St. Bris (Chablis)
  23. Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for whites
    Cote de Beaune
  24. Name 1 white Grand Cru of the Cote D'Or & 1 of Chablis
    • White Cote de Nuits Grand Cru: Musigny
    • White Cote de Beaune Grand Crus: Batard-Montrachet, Bienvenues-Batard-Montrachet, Charlemagne, Chevalier-Montrachet, Corton-Charlemagne, Criots-Batard-Montrachet, Montrachet
    • 7 Chablis Grand Crus: Bougros, Les Preuses, Vaudesir, Grenouilles, Valmur, Les Clos, Blanchot
  25. Name 3 top Burgundy vintages since 1990
    1990, 1996, 2005
  26. Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for reds
    Cote de Nuits
  27. Name a red Grand Cru of Cote D'Or
    • Gevery Chambertin (8): Le Chambertin, Chambertin-Clos de Beze, Chapelle-Chambertin, Charmes-Chambertin, Griottes-Chambertin, Latricieres-Chambertin, Mazis-Chambertin, Ruchottes-Chambertin
    • Morey-St.-Denis (5): Clos St.-Denis, Clos des Lambrays, Clos de la Roche, Clos de Tart, Bonnes Mares
    • Chambolle-Musigny: Le Musigny (red and white), Bonnes Mares
    • Vougeot: Clos de Vougeot
    • Flagey Echezeaux: Echezeaux, Grands Echezeaux
    • Vosne-Romanee (6): Richebourg, La Romanee, Romanee-St.-Vivant, La Grande Rue, La Tache
  28. Red Cote de Beaune Grand Cru: Corton
  29. State what is different about Corton & Musigny compared to the other Grand Cru of their respective districts
    They are the only Grand Cru that permit both red and white wines
  30. State what the 2nd word is in most Cote D'Or village names
  31. Name 3 villages in each � of the Cote D'Or
    • Cote de Nuits: Dijon, Chenove, Marsannay-la-cote, Fixin Brochon, Gevery-Chambertin, Morey St.-Denis, Chambolle-Musigny, Vougeot, Flagey-Echezeaux, Vosne-Romanee, Nuits St.Georges, Prissey, Comblanchien, Corgoloin
    • Cote de Beaune: Pernard-Vergelesses, Aloxe-Corton, Ladoix-Serrigny, Savigny-les-Beaune, Chorey-les-Beaune, Beaune, Pommard, Volnay, St.Romain, Monthelie, Meursault, Auxey-Duresses, Puligny-Montrachet, Chassagne-Montrachet, Chagny, Santenay, Remigny, Rully
  32. Define Marl soil
    A cold calcareous clay that delays ripening and adds acidity to wine
  33. State the grapes of Bourgogne Passetoutgrains
    Gamay and Pinot Noir
  34. Name the most famous AOC of the Chalonnaise
  35. Name the most famous AOC of the Maconnais
  36. Name the grape of Beaujolais
  37. State the production & style difference for Beaujolais Nouveau
    Carbonic Maceration ferments most of the juice while it is still inside the grape, although grapes at the bottom of the vessel are crushed by gravity and undergo conventional fermentation. The resulting wine is fruity with very low tannins.
  38. Name 10 Cru in Beaujolais
    St.Amour, Julienas, Moulin-A-Vent, Chenas, Fleurie, Chiroubles, Morgan, Regnie, Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly
  39. State the best soil type of Beaujolais
    • Granite (in the north where the Crus are)
    • Limestone is in the south where Beaujolais-Village and Beaujolais wines are
  40. State the difference between Rully & Reuilly
    • Rully is a town in the Cote Chalonnaise that uses Chardonnay
    • Reuilly is a town in the Loire that uses Sauvignon Blanc
  41. State the difference between St. Aubin & St. Veran
    • St.Aubin a a town in the Cote d'Beaune that uses Chardonnay
    • St.Veran is a town in the Maconnais that uses Chardonnay
  42. Name the grape of Condrieu
  43. Name the other 2 white grapes of the Northern Rhone
    Marsanne, Roussane
  44. State the difference between Northern & Southern Rhone reds
    Syrah dominates in the north, Grenache-Syrah-Mouvdre blends dominate in the south
  45. State the difference between Crozes-Hermitage & Hermitage
    Crozes-Hermitage is daily wine; Hermitage is for special occasions
  46. Name two AOC for red wines from the Southern Rhone & 1 other than those above for the Northern Rhone
    • South: Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas, Lirac, Vacqueyras, Beaumes-de-Venise, Vinsobres
    • North: Cote Rotie, St.Joseph, Cornas
  47. State the regional AOC for the Rhone
    • Region: Cotes du Rhone
    • Subregion: all in southern Rhone
    • Village: about 15
    • No Premier Cru or Grand Cru
  48. Name a fortified wine from the Rhone
    • Muscat de Beaunes-de-Venise (white and rose)
    • Rasteau (red, rose, white, tawny, rancio)
  49. Name an AOC for rose from Rhone or Provence
    • Tavel (Rhone; the most famous French dry rose)
    • Bandol (Provence)
  50. State the rough geographic location of Languedoc & Roussillon
    Between Mediterranean and Pyrenees
  51. Describe the classifications of Languedoc (dry reds) and Roussillon (VDN = fortified)
    • Regional AOC: yes
    • Subregion AOC: none
    • Village AOC: many
    • Grand Cru: Banyuls (defined by altitude and alcohol content)
    • Vin de Pays: Pay D'Oc (contains 3 sub-Vin De Pays)
  52. Name Languedoc AOCs
    • Corbieres (carbonic maceration, Gobelet training)
    • Minervois (similar to Corbieres)
    • Costieres de Nimes (GSM)
    • Languedoc (was Coteaux du Languedoc)
    • Fitou (reds from Carignon, Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, ...)
    • St.Chinian (R/W/R from Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvedre, Syrah, ...)
  53. Name Roussillon AOCs
    • Banyuls, Banyuls Grand Cru (VDN with min 50% Grenache/75% for Grand Cru)
    • Maury (VDN with min 75% Grenache)
    • Muscat de Rivesaltes (VDN from Muscat)
    • Rivesaltes (VDN from Muscat, Grenache, Macabeo, Tourbat, ...)
    • Cotes du Roussillon, Cotes du Roussillon Villages (W from Macabeo, Tourbat; R/R from Syrah, Mourvedre, ...)
  54. Name 3 terms for fortified wines indicating exposure to oxygen
    • Rimage: non-oxidative
    • Ambre: semi-oxidative
    • Rancio: oxidative
  55. Name a wine that is great with Chocolate
  56. What is the southernmost AOC in France
    • Continental: Banyuls
    • Anywhere: Corsica
  57. What grapes are used in Corbieres AOC?
    • Reds/Rose: Carignan, Greache, Lladoner Pelut, Syrah, ...
    • Whites: Bourboulenc, Grenache, Macabeo, ...
  58. What does Method Ancestrale mean?
    • Bottled before first fermentation finishes
    • Results in a semi-bubbly, semi-sweet wine
  59. Name the first sparkling wine in France
    Limoux en Languedoc (100 years before Champagne)
  60. Name the famous sparkling wine of Languedoc
    • Cremant de Limoux, Blanquette de Limoux
    • Grapes: Mauzac, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc
  61. Name a Vin Doux Naturel
    Maury, Muscat de Rivesaltes, Rivesaltes
  62. State what major wine regions surround Southwest (Sudouest)
    Bourdeaux, Atlantic, Pyrenees, Languedoc-Rousanne
  63. Name Sudouest AOCs
    • Jurancon: best AOC; Sec, Moelleux; whites from Petit Manseng, Gros Manseng, Courbu, Camaralet, Lauzet
    • Monbazillac: great value sweet wine from Semillon, SB, Muscadelle
    • Gaillac: Sec, Doux, Mousseux; Whites from Len de'El, SB, ...; Reds from Duras, Fer, Syrah, ...
    • Bergerac: borders Bordeaux
    • Pecharmant: best part of Bergerac
    • Buzet: supervalue Bordeaux satellite
    • Cahors: most famous AOC, black wine
    • Cotes du-Frontonnais: R/R from Negrette, Malbec, ...
    • Irouleguy: Tannat plus at least 50% CS and CF
    • Madiran: 40-60% Tannat, CF, CS, Fer
    • Tursan: VDQS
  64. Name the grape of Cahors
  65. Name an AOC for the Tannat grape
    Irouleguy, Madiran
  66. What is the most widely planted grape in Uruguay?
  67. State the rough geographic location of Jura & ("sa-vwa")
    Geneva, between Burgundy and Jura and Mountains
  68. Define Vin Jaune
    • Yellow wine; sherry-like white wine made from the Savagnin grape
    • Oxidized at least 6 years in the barrel, untopped
    • Oxidation limited by Flor, a strain of yeast that forms on top of the untopped wine
    • Chateau Chalon AOC (this is the name of a VILLAGE in the Jura with multiple producers)
  69. Define Vins de Paille
    Straw wine; complex sweet wine made by leaving late-picked grapes to dry while hanging over straw mats
  70. Name Savoie AOCs and their grapes
    • Bugey-Cerdon AOC (demi-sec rose from Gamay and Poulsard, methode ancestrale; note: VDQS was different)
    • Crepy (Chasselas)
    • Seyssel (Roussette)
  71. What is a clavelin?
    Squat bottle (originally 620 ml) holding Vin Jaune (Chateau Chalon AOC in Jura)
  72. Name Top Producers of Languedoc and Roussillon
    • Domaine du Mas Blanc (Banyuls)
    • Domain de la Tour Vielle (Banyuls)
    • Mas de Daumas Gassac (VDP de l'Herault)
    • Chateau de Jau (Roussillon)
  73. Name the dominant grape(s) for Left Bank reds
    Cabernet Sauvignon
  74. Name the dominant grape(s) for Right Bank reds
    Merlot and/or Cabernet Franc
  75. Name the two most important AOCs of the Right Bank
    • Pomerol and St.Emilion
    • Other AOCs include Fronsac, Canon-Fronsac, and satellite AOCs of Pomerol and St.Emilion
  76. Name the top category within the Cru Bourgeois
    Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels
  77. Name the 1st & 2nd Growths of the Medoc & their AOC
    • 1st Pauillac: Lafite-Rothschild, Latour, Mouton-Rothschild
    • 1st Margaux: Margaux
    • 1st Pessac: Haut-Brion
    • 2nd St.Estephe: Cos-d'Estournel, Montrose
    • 2nd Pauillac: Pichon-Longueville Baron, Pichon-Lalande (aka Pichon-Longueville Comtesse-de-Lalande)
    • 2nd St.Julian: Ducru-Beaucaillou, Gruaud-Larose, Leoville-Barton, Leoville-Las-Cases, Leoville-Poyferre
    • 2nd Margaux: Brane-Cantenac, Durfort-Viviens, Lascombes, Rausan-Segla, Rauzan-Gassies
  78. Name 4 communes of the Medoc
    • St.Estephe
    • Pauillac
    • St.Julian
    • Listrac (not as important)
    • Moulis en Medoc (not as important)
    • Margaux
  79. Describe the classification of Pomerol & name 2 chateau
    • Never had a classification
    • Important Chatequx include Petrus, Le Pin, La Fleur Petrus, La Conseillante, Vieux-Chateau-Certan, Trotanoy
  80. Name the 1er Grand Cru's of St. Emilion
    • 2 Class A: Chateau Ausone, Chateau Cheval Blanc
    • 13 Class B: Chateau
    • l'Angelus
    • Beau-Sejour Becot
    • Beausejour
    • Belair Soil
    • Canon
    • Figeac
    • Fourtet
    • la Gaffeliere
    • Magdelaine
    • Pavie
    • Pavie Macquin
    • Troplong Mondot
    • Trottevieille
  81. Name three sub-regions of Bordeaux
    Medoc, Graves, Entre-Deux-Mers
  82. Name the important white grapes of Bordeaux
  83. Name the best sub-region of Graves
  84. Name two AOCs for sweet wine in Bordeaux
  85. Name the lone Premier Grand Cru of Sauternes
  86. What is the viticultural key to the best sweet wines of Bordeaux
  87. Name the AOC used when dry wines are made in Sauternes
  88. Name 2 Cru Classe estates of Graves for white wines
  89. Name the grapes of Champagne
  90. Name 1 Grand Cru village of Champagne
  91. Define riddling/remuage
  92. State the difference between Extra Brut & Extra Dry
  93. Define Tete de Cuvee
  94. State the minimum sur lie aging for NV & Vintage Champagne
  95. State the term for adding sugar just prior to corking
  96. Define Blanc de Noirs & Blanc de Blancs
  97. Name 5 top Alsace Producers
    • Maison Trimbach
    • Hugel et Fils
    • Zind-Humbrecht (over the top powerful)
    • Domain Ostertag (new oak)
    • Marcell Deiss ("DICE")
  98. Name 2 Alsace Grand Cru Vineyards that don't say Grand Cru on the label
    • Cuvee Frederic Emile
    • Clos Ste Hune
  99. What does "lack structure" mean?
    • For cold climates, lack of acid
    • For warm climates, lack of tannin
  100. Name 6 grapes used in Alsace that are not considered noble
    • Pinot Blanc
    • Auxerrois ("OX-ER-WA")
    • Sylvaner (if NOT from Zotzenberg vineyard)
    • Chasselas
    • Chardonnay
    • Pinot Noir (only black grape in Alsace, dark rose color)
  101. Describe the factors affecting the climate of Alsace
    • Cold: Latitude and Altitude
    • Warm: Vosges Mountains (stops rain) and Rhine River (not much of a factor since vines not on river banks), Rain Shadow and Thermal Layer
  102. Are producers ranked in Alsace?
    No, vineyards are ranked since a single vineyard can be owned by several producers
  103. What quality levels exist in Alsace?
    • AOC and Vin de Table
    • No VDQS or Vin de Pays
  104. What are the four sub-regions (districts) of the Loire Valley?
    • AOC: Pays Nantais, Anjou-Saumur, Touraine, Central Vineyards
    • Other Loire AOCs: Cotes Roannaise, Cotes du Forez
    • Other Loire VDQS: Haut-Poitou, Fiefs Vendeens, Coteaux d'Ancenis, Chateaumeillant, Saint-Pourcain, Cotes d'Auvergne, Orleans
  105. What is the longest river in France?
    The Loire flows 620 miles from the Cevennes Mountains, through 12 departements, to the Atlantic Ocean.
  106. What are the main grapes of Loire Pays Nantais?
  107. What are the main grapes and wine types of Loire Anjou-Saumur?
    • Chenin Blanc: Savennieres
    • Chenin Blanc, semi-sweet: Coteaux de L'Aubance
    • Chenin Blanc, botrytis: Coteaux du Lyon
    • Cabernet Franc: Saumur-Champigny, Anjou-Villages
    • Sparkling: Cremant de Loire, Samur Mousseux
    • Rose: Rose d'Anjou, Cabernet d'Anjou
  108. What are the main grapes of Loire Touraine?
    • Chenin Blanc: Vouvray, Touraine-Amboise, Montlouis, Jasnieres
    • Sauvignon Blanc: Touraine, Cheverny
    • Romoratin: Cour-Cheverny
    • Cabernet Franc: Chinon, Bourgueil
  109. What are the main grapes of Loire Central Vineyards?
    • Sauvignon Blanc: Sancerre, Pouilly-Fume, Quincy, Reuilly, Menetou-Salon
    • Chasselas and SB: Pouilly-Sur-Loire ("Chas-a-las" grape of Egyptian origin)
    • Pinot Noir: Sancerre, Reuilly, Menetou-Salon
    • Gamay and PN: Cotes Du Gien Cosne-Sur-Loire, Coteaux Du Giennois
  110. What does Cote d'Or mean?
    Golden Slope, the departmental name for both the Cote de Nuites and the Cote de Beaune
  111. What is the greatest natural hazard of Cote de Nuits?
  112. What soils are found in Alsace?
    • The steeper slopes are composed of schist, granite, and volcanic sediment.
    • The lower slopes sit on a limestone base.
    • The plain consists of richer alluvial clay and gravel soils.
  113. What grapes in Alsace AOC may be labeled by variety?
    The 4 noble grapes of Alsace (Riesling, Pinot Gris [aka Tokay d'Alsace], Muscat, and Gewerztraminer, and Sylvaner, Pinto Blanc (Klevner), Chasselas (Gutedel), and Pinot Noir. Even if bottled as a single varietal, Auxerrois is titled "Pinot Blanc" on the label.
  114. What does Edelzwicker mean?
    • Noble Mixture (usually indicates an inexpensive blended wine in Alsace).
    • Gentil is a superior designation for blends, requiring a minimum of 50% noble grapes.
  115. What is the most codified region in France?
    • Burgundy, with over 600 appellations.
    • Grand cru wines apply only to the Cote d'Or and Chablis.
  116. What soils are found in Cote de Nuits?
    A subsoil of sand-limestone covered by a chalky scree mixed with marl and clay on higher slops and alluvial deposits on lower slops. Higher slopes sometimes have red clay.
  117. What soils are found in Cote de Beaune?
    • Limestone subsoil with flinty clay and calcereous topsoils.
    • Marl topsoil in Chassagne and Puligny.
  118. What are the primary and secondary grape varieties of the Cote d'Or?
    • Primary: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay
    • Secondary: Pinot Gris (aka Pinot Beurot), Pinot Liebault, Pinot Blanc, Aligote, Melon de Bourgogne, Gamay
    • Same answer for Cote de Nuits and Cote de Beaune.
  119. What 5 communes are in the Cote de Nuit-Villages AOC?
    • Fixin
    • Brochon
    • Prissey
    • Comblanchien
    • Corgoloin
  120. Name the AOCs of the Cote Chalonnaise
    • Bourgogne Cote Challonais
    • Bourgogne Cotes du Couchois
    • Bouzeron (only AOC for Aligote)
    • Rully, Rully 1er Cru (Chardonnay)
    • Mercurey, Mercurey 1er Cru (Pinot Noir and Chardonnay)
    • Givry, Givry 1er Cru (Pinot Noir and Chardonnay)
    • Montagny, Montagne 1er Cru (Chardonnay)
  121. What are Wines from the Maconnais famous for?
    • Three times more white wine thatn the rest of Burgundy put together
    • The world's greatest value for Chardonnay
    • The Maconnais is a white wine producing area, while Beaujolais is red
  122. Despite 25% of Maconnais planting Gamay grapes, and 7.5% planing Pinot Noir, why is white wine predominant?
    The Gamay does not perform well on limestone soils
  123. Name the AOCs of the Maconnais
    • Macon
    • Macon (Village)
    • Macon Superieur
    • Macon Superieur (Village)
    • Macon-Villages (41 villages)
    • Many Macon-? AOCs
    • Pinot Chardonnay-Macon
    • Pouilly-Fuisse (famous)
    • Pouilly-Loche
    • Pouilly-Vinzelles
    • Saint-Veran
    • Vire-Clesse
  124. Describe the Maconnais soil
    The topsoil is scree and allumvium or clay and clay-sand, and covers a limestone subsoil
  125. Name the appellations (AOCs) of Bordeaux
    • Regional AOCs: Bordeaux, Bordeaux-Superieur (meaningless term)
    • Subregional AOCs: Medoc, Graves, Entre Deux Mers
    • Village AOCs: many
    • Chateau AOCs - varies by subregion
  126. Name the AOCs of the Medoc from north to south
    • Medoc
    • Haut-Medoc
    • St-Estephe
    • Pauillac
    • St-Julien
    • Listrac-Medoc
    • Moulis (or Moulis-En-Medoc)
    • Margaux - largest commune, known for elegance and finesse
  127. Name Bordeaux classifications other than AOCs
    • Medoc Cru Bourgeois (self-instituted in 1932; updated in 1966, 1978, 2003; annulled in 2006)
    • Vin de Pays de l'Atlantique
  128. Name the 2003 classifications of Cru Bourgeois and how many chateaux were in each category
    • 9 Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels
    • 87 Cru Bourgeois Superieurs
    • 151 Cru Bourgeois
  129. Name the 9 Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels (2003-2006)
    • Chateau Haut-Marbuzet (Saint-Estephe)
    • Chateau de-Pez (Saint-Estephe)
    • Chateau Ormes-de-Pez (Saint-Estephe)
    • Chateau Phelan Segur (Sainto-Estephe)
    • *Chateau Chasse-Spleen - Moulis)
    • Chateau Poujeaux (Moulis)
    • Chateau Labegorce Zede (Margaux)
    • Chateau Siran (Margaux)
    • *Chateau Potensac (Medoc)
  130. How many Medoc Grands Crus Classes are there?
    • 60 in the Medoc and 1 in Graves
    • 1: 5
    • 2: 14
    • 3: 14
    • 4: 10
    • 5: 18
  131. Name the 5 Grands Crus Classes of Saint-Estephe
    • 1: 0
    • 2: 2 Cos D'Estornel, Montrose
    • 3: 1 Calon Segur
    • 4: 1 Lafon-Rochet
    • 5: 1 Cos Labory
  132. Name the 18 Grands Crus Classes of Pauillac
    • 1: 3 Latour, Lafite-Rothschild, Mouton-Rothschild
    • 2: 2 Pichon-Longueville Baron, Pichon-Longueville Comtesse-de-Lalande
    • 3: 0
    • 4: 1 Duhart-Milon-Rothschild
    • 5: 12 Lynch-Bages, Lynch-Moussas, Haut-Bages-Liberal, Croizer-Bages, Batailley, Haut-Batailley, Grand-Puy-Ducasse, Grand-Puy-Lacoste, D'Armailhac, Clerc-Milon, Pedesclaux, Pontet-Canet
  133. Name the 11 Grands Crus Classes of Saint-Julien
    • 1: 0
    • 2: 5 Ducru-Beaucaillou, Gruaud-Larose, Leoville-Barton, Leoville-Las Cases, Leoville Poyferre
    • 3: 2 Lagrange, Langoa-Barton
    • 4: 4 Beychevelle, Branaire-Ducru, Saint-Pierre, *Talbot
    • 5: 0
  134. Name the 21 Grands Crus Classes of Margaux
    • 1: 1 Margaux
    • 2: 5 Brane-Cantenac, Durfort-Viviens, Lascombes, Rausan-Segla, Rauzan-Gassies
    • 3: 10 Boyd-Cantenac, Cantenac-Brown, Desmirail, Ferriere, Giscours, d'Issan, Kirwan,
    • Malescot-Saint-Exupery, Marquis d'Alesme-Becker, *Palmer
    • 4: 3 Marquis-de-Terme, Pouget, Prieure-Lichine
    • 5: 2 Dauzac, du Tertre
  135. Name the 5 Grands Crus Classes of Haut-Medoc
    • 1: 0
    • 2: 0
    • 3: 1 La Lagune
    • 4: 1 La Tour-Rochet
    • 5: 3 Belgrave, Camensac, Cantermerle
  136. Name the 1 Grands Crus Classes of Graves
    • 1: Haut-Brion - Pessac
    • 2: 0
    • 3: 0
    • 4: 0
    • 5: 0
  137. Name the 5 Premier Grands Crus Classes
    • Lafite-Rothschild - Pauillac
    • Latour - Pauillac
    • Mouton-Rothschild - Pauillac
    • Margaux - Margaux
    • Haut-Brion - Pessac (Graves)
  138. Name the 14 Deuxieme Grands Crus Classes
    • Cos-d'Estournel - Saint-Estephe
    • Montrose - Saint-Estephe
    • Pichon-Longueville Baron - Pauillac
    • Pichon-Lalande - Pauillac (Pichon-Longueville Comtesse-de-Lalande)
    • Ducru-Beaucaillou - Saint-Julien
    • Gruaud-Larose - Saint-Julien
    • Leoville-Barton - Saint-Julien
    • Leoville-Las-Cases - Saint-Julien
    • Leoville-Poyferre - Saint-Julien
    • *Brane-Cantenac - Margaux
    • Durfort-Viviens - Margaux
    • Lascombes - Margaux
    • *Rausan-Segla - Margaux
    • Rauzan-Gassies - Margaux
  139. Name the 14 Troisieme Grands Crus Classes
    • Calon-Segur - Saint-Estephe
    • Lagrange - Saint-Julien
    • Langoa-Barton - Saint -Julien
    • Desmirail - Margaux
    • Ferriere - Margaux
    • Giscours - Margaux
    • d'Issan - Margaux
    • Kirwan - Margaux
    • Boyd-Cantenac - Margaux
    • Cantenac-Brown - Margaux
    • Malescot-Saint-Exupery - Margaux
    • Marquis d'Alesme-Becker - Margaux
    • *Palmer - Cantenac-Margaux
    • La Lagune - Ludon-Haut Medoc
  140. Name the 10 Quatrieme Grands Crus Classes
    • Lafon-Rochet - Saint-Estephe
    • Duhart-Milon-Rothschild - Pauillac
    • Beychevelle - Saint-Julien
    • Branaire-Ducru - Saint-Julien
    • Saint-Pierre - Saint-Julien
    • *Talbot - Saint-Julien
    • Marquis-de-Terme - Margaux
    • Pouget - Margaux
    • Prieure-Lichine - Margaux
    • La Tour-Carnet - Haut Medoc
  141. Name the 18 Cinquieme Grands Crus Classes
    • Cos-Labory - Saint-Estephe
    • Batailley - Pauillac
    • Clerc-Milon - Pauillac
    • Croizet-Bages - Pauillac
    • Grand-Puy-Ducasse - Pauillac
    • Grand-Puy-Lacoste - Pauillac
    • Haut-Bages-Liberal - Pauillac
    • Haut-Batailley - Pauillac
    • Lynch-Bages - Pauillac
    • Lynch-Moussas - Pauillac
    • Monton d'Armailhac - Pauillac
    • Pedesclaux - Pauillac
    • Pontet-Canet - Pauillac
    • Dauzac - Margaux
    • du Tertre - Margaux
    • Belgrave - Haut Medoc
    • Camensac - Haut Medoc
    • Cantermerle - Haut Medoc
  142. Name the 1 White Premier Cru Superieur
  143. Name the 9 White Premier Crus
    • La Tour Blanche
    • Lafaurie-Peyraguey and CLos Haut-Peyraguey
    • Rayne-Vigneau
    • Suduiraut
    • Coutet
    • Climens
    • Guiraud
    • Rieussec
    • Rahaud-Promis and Sigalas-Rabaud
  144. Name the 11 white Deuxieme Crus
    • Myrat
    • Doisy-Daene, Doisy-Dubroca, Doisy-Vedrines
    • Rabaud-Promis (Pexoto)
    • d'Arche
    • Filhot
    • Brouslet and Nairac
    • Caillou
    • Suau
    • de Malle
    • Romer and Romer-du-Hayot
    • Lamothe and Lamothe-Gignard
  145. Name the AOCs of Graves
    • Graves (mostly dry reds)
    • Graves Superieur (dry white)
    • Pessac-Leognanc (all of the cru classes)
    • Chateaux classified in 1953; reviewed in 1959; separate lists for red and white wine
    • Cru Classe - No ranking within classification
    • Cerons, Barsac, Sauteernes AOCs look like they are in Graves but are not.
  146. Describe the soils of Bordeaux
    • Medoc and northern Graves: gravel
    • St.Emilion: gravel over limestone
    • Pomerol: iron pan under sand and clay
  147. Describe the climate of Bordeaux
    • Medoc: Gulf Stream gives the Medoc mild winters, warm summers, and long, sunny falls.
    • Graves: slightly warmer and wetter than Medoc
  148. What are the six grapes of Bordeaux?
    • Cabernet Sauvignon
    • Cabernet Franc
    • Merlot
    • Malbec (aka Cot... dominant until 1959 freeze)
    • Petit Verdot
    • Carmenere (similar to Merlot... most widely planted grape in Chile)
  149. What grapes dominates Bordeaux?
    • Left Bank (of Garonne river): Cabernet Sauvignon
    • Right Bank (of Dourdogne river): Merlot and/or Cabernet Franc
    • Merlot is the most widely planted grape
  150. Name 3 good Bordeaux vintages:
    • Left Bank: 2005, 2003, 2000
    • Right Bank: 2005, 2003, 2000, 1998, 1995
  151. Name 3 good Rhone vintages:
    2004, 2003, 2001
  152. Name 7 important chateau in Pomerol
    • Petrus (95% Merlot, 5% CF)
    • Chateau La Fleur (50% Merlot, 50% CF)
    • Vieux Chateau Certan (50% Merlot, 25% CF, 20% CS, 5% Malbec)
    • Chateau Le Pin (100% Merlot)
    • Chateau La Conseillante (45% CF, 45% Merlot, 10% Malbec)
    • Chateau L'Evangile (78% Merlot, 22% CF)
    • Chateau Trotanoy (90% Merlot, 10% CF)
  153. Describe the classification in St.-Emilion
    • Created in 1954, reviewed in 1969, 1985, 1996, and 2006
    • Premier Grand Cru Classe Class A: 2 Chateau (Ausone, Cheval Blanc)
    • Premier Grand Cru Classe Class B: 13 Chateau (l'Angelus, Beau-Sejour Becot, Beausejour, Belair Soil, Canon, Figeac, Fourtet, la Gaffeliere, Magdelaine, Pavie, Pavie Macquin, Troplong Mondot, Trottevieille)
    • Grand Cru Classe: 68 Chateau
    • Grand Cru - not part of classification... means nothing
  154. Name the AOCs of the Right Bank (The Libournais and Fronsadais)
    • Pomerol and satellite AOCs: Lalande-de-Pomerol(Neac can use this)
    • St.Emilion and satellite AOCs: St.Georges-St.Emilion, Montagne-St.Emilion, Lussac-St.Emilion, Puisseguin-St.Emilion
    • Fronsac, Cotes-Canon-Fronsac (Cabernet Franc)
    • Bordeaux-Cotes-De-Francs (rustic reds dominated by Cabernet Franc)
    • Premier Cote de Bordeaux (previously Cotes-de-Castillon)
    • Cotes de Blaye, Blaye/Blayais
    • Cotes de Bourg, Bourg/Bourgeais
  155. What is vin de garagiste?
    • Small properties with limited production (producing wine on a small scale)
    • In 1979, Jacques Thienpont created Le Pin in a garage under a battered farmhouse.
  156. Name the AOCs of Entre-Deux-Mers
    • Bordeaux, Bordeaux Superieur,
    • Premieres-Cotes-de-Bordeaux (37 communes can add its name to this AOC)
    • Whites: Entre-Deux-Mers, Entre-Deux-Mers-Haut-Benauge and Bordeaux Haut-Benauge, Cotes-De-Bordeaux-St.-Macaire
    • Reds and Whites: Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux, Graves de Vayres
    • Sweet Wines: Loupiac, Sainte-Croix-Du-Mont, Cadillac
  157. Describe the soil in Entre-Deux-Mers
    Boulbenes - very fine siliceous (acidic crystalline) soil that is easily compressed and hard to work
  158. What grape varieties are grown in Entre-Deux-Mers
    • Primary: Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
    • Secondary: Merlot Blanc, Colombard, Mauzac, Ugni Blanc
  159. Name the only winery in France that is also an AOC
    Chateau Grillet
  160. What is the #1 region for Biodynamic wine?
    • Northern Rhone
    • M. Chapoutier uses braille on his wine labels since "we're all blind to the world around us"
  161. Does Loire have a regional AOC?
  162. What was the first AOC in France?
    • Chateauneuf-du-Pape (Originally "Vin du Pape")
    • Named after Pope Clement V in the 14th century
  163. Name some top Rhone producers
    • Auguste Clape (Cornas)
    • E. Guigal (Cote Rotie, Hermitage)
    • Jasmin (Cote Rotie)
    • J.L. Chave/Bernard Chave
    • Chateau Beaucastel
    • Chateau Rayes
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