World War II

  1. Dawes Plan
    A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
  2. Young Plan
    Program for settlement of German reparations after World War I. Presented by American Owen D. Young. Set the total reparations at $26,350,000,000 to be paid over a period of 58½ years. Was adopted by the Allied Powers in 1930 to supersede the Dawes Plan.
  3. Circular Loan
    Essentially the Dawes Plan. U.S. gives money to Germany who they pays France and England who then pay back the U.S.
  4. Fordney-McCumber Tariff
    This tariff rose the rates on imported goods in the hopes that domestic manufacturing would prosper. This prevented foreign trade, which hampered the economy since Europe could not pay its debts if it could not trade.
  5. Henry Stimson
    A Republican statesman, lawyer and soldier. He served as Secretary of War on two occasions (1911-13, 1940-45), overseeing a military buildup prior to the First World War, the United States' entry into the Second World War, for which he is best known, and the Manhattan Project.
  6. Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
    1934 activated low-tariff policies for relief & recovery, boosted American trade and amended Hawley-Smoot by lowering rates 50% and provided that others do the same.
  7. Pan-American Union
    Organization established in 1889 between the United States and Latin American nations to share information
  8. Good Labor Policy
    FDR policy in which the U.S. pledged that the U.S. would no longer intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. This reversed Teddy Roosevelt's Big Stick Policy.
  9. Nye Committee
    Investigated arms manufacturers and bankers of World War I and the huge profits they made. Claimed they had caused America's entry into WWI. Public opinion pushed Congress to pass the Neutrality Acts to keep US out of WWII.
  10. Neutrality Acts of the 1930s
    Passed by the United States Congress in the 1930s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War II. They were spurred by the growth in isolationism and non-interventionism in the US following its costly involvement in World War I, and sought to ensure that the US would not become entangled again in foreign conflicts.
  11. Quarantine Speech
    The speech was an act of condemnation of Japan's invasion of China in 1937 and called for Japan to be quarantined. FDR backed off the aggressive stance after criticism, but it showed that he was moving the country slowly out of isolationism.
  12. Manchurian Crisis
    Japan wanted some of China's natural resources and space. in 1932 Japan annexed an area in Manchuria after an alleged attack by the Chinese in 1931. League of Nations did nothing.
  13. Stimson Doctrine
    1932, Hoover's Secretary of State said the US would not recognize territorial changes resulting from Japan's invasion of Manchuria
  14. Panay Incident
    (FDR) Dec. 12, 1937, Japan bombed a American gunboat that was trying to help Americans overseas. This greatly strained U.S-Japanese relations and pushed the U.S further away from isolationism even though Japan apologized.
  15. Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
    As announced in 1940 by Japan's prime minister, the area extending from Manchuria to the Dutch East Indies in which Japan would expand its influence
  16. Appeasement
    Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability. Specifically used during WWII when the League of Nations did this to maintain peace with Germany because they couldn't afford another war.
  17. Munich Agreement
    agreement between Chamberlain and Hitler that Germany would not conquer any more land, and if did, would declare war
  18. September 1, 1939
    Date WWII began with German invasion of Poland using "Blitzkrieg"
  19. Orson Welles
    an actor, director, producer, writer. Created one of the most renowned radio broadcasts of all time "The War of The Worlds" which people believed causing mayhem
  20. War of the Worlds
    most famous radio broadcast to ever air; CBS; Orson Welles; science fiction story about a Martian invasion of Earth that citizens believed to be true
  21. Cash-and-Carry
    policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality whileaiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
  22. Joseph Kennedy
    This individual was appointed chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission. This commission was the "police force" of Wall Street—new regulations for trading stocks
  23. Committee to Defend America
    The group advocated American military materiel support for Britain as the best way to keep the United States out of the conflict then raging in Europe. They strongly believed the United States should actively assert itself in the War in Europe.
  24. America First Committee
    The foremost (largest in history) non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II. Started in 1940, it becamedefunct after the attack upon Pearl Harbor in December 1941.
  25. Selective Service Act
    Required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards. Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18to 45 were made liable for military service, and all men aged 18 to 65 were required to register.
  26. Wendell Wilkie
    Popular choice for Repub nominee in election of 1940. Critized New Deal, but largely agreed with Roosevelt on preparedness and giving aid to Britain. Lost to Roosevelt.
  27. Lend Lease Act
    allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
  28. Arsenal of Democracy
    This is one of 30 fireside chats that FDR conducted. Roosevelt was referring to Detroit, Michigan as an this because of its rapid transformation from having an industry to build cars to one that could build weapons. Overall the speech was a 'call to arms' for all Allies to work hard and fight the Axis until they were defeated.
  29. Greer Incident
    German submarin fires torpedos at the American Greer Submarine, helped bring US into war
  30. Atlantic Charter
    1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
  31. December 7, 1941
    Day that the United States military base on Hawaii was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II.
  32. A date which will live in infamy!
    a description by President FDR of the day of the Japanese attack on Pearl harbor- December 7, 1941. Roosevelt was addressing Congress, asking it to declare war on Japan.
  33. Smith-Connolly Act
    1943 act which limited the right to strike in key industries and authorized the president to intervene in any strike
  34. Office of Price Administration
    Instituted in 1942, this agency was in charge of stabilizing prices and rents and preventing speculation, profiteering, hoarding and price administration. The OPA froze wages and prices and initiated a rationing program for items such as gas, oil, butter, meat, sugar, coffee and shoes in order to support the war effort and prevent inflation.
  35. War Production Board
    During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
  36. Operatoin Magic
    system where the US could decode Japanese messages
  37. Fair Employment Practices Act
    by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1941 to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It was the first federal law to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment discrimination in the United States.
  38. Philip Randolph
    President of the Brotherhood of Car Porters and a Black labor leader, in 1941 he arranged a march on Washington to end racial discrimination.
  39. Congress of Racial Equality
    CORE was a civil rights organization. They were famous for freedom rides which drew attention to Southern barbarity, leading to the passing of civil rights legislation.
  40. Tuskegee Airmen
    332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school. Never lost a single pilot.
  41. National War Labor Board
    a board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
  42. Navajo Code-Talkers
    Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher
  43. Braceros
    Mexican workers that were brought to America to work when so many men and women were gone from home during World War II that there weren't enough workers.
  44. Zoot Suit Riots
    A series of riots in L.A. California during WW2, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore.
  45. Rosie the Riveter
    A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
  46. Issei
    Name for first generation Japanese immigrants during the war who were not eligible for US citizenship b/c of their race
  47. Nisei
    Were living in the western United States during WWII were forcibly interned with their parents (Issei) and children (Sansei) after Executive Order 9066 was promulgated to exclude everyone of Japanese descent from large parts of the Western states.
  48. Manhattan Project
    Led to the development of the first atomic bomb during World War II. From 1942 to 1946 the project was under the command of Major General Leslie R. Groves Jr. of the US Army Corps of Engineers.
  49. J. Robert Oppenheimer
    Scientific director of the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons, for which he is often referred to as the "father of the atomic bomb".
  50. I am become death, destroyer of worlds!
    Quote by Oppenheimer after he created the fist Atom Bomb who got the quote from Bhagavad Gita, a Hindu scripture
  51. General Leslie Groves
    United States Army Corps of Engineers officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and directed the Manhattan Project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II.
  52. Enola Gay
    Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber. On 6 August 1945, during the final stages of World War II, it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb as a weapon of war on Hiroshima, Japan.
  53. Hiroshima
    The first city in history to be destroyed by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on it at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II.
  54. Hiroshima
    The first city in history to be destroyed by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on it at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II.
  55. Nagasaki
    During World War II, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Nagasaki the second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack. It was picked because of the Naval base there.
  56. Untit 731
    A covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and World War II. It was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried out by Japanese personnel.
  57. Executive Order 9066
    Order signed and issued during World War II by FDR on February 19, 1942 authorizing the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones. Eventually cleared the way for the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps.
  58. Internment [Reclocation] Camps
    Ten sites to incarcerate more than 110,000 Japanese Americans selected by FDR during WWII
  59. Manzanar
    The site of one of ten camps where over 110,000 Japanese Americans were imprisoned during World War II. Located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada in California's Owens Valley between the towns of Lone Pine to the south and Independence to the north, it is approximately 230 miles (370 km) northeast of Los Angeles.
  60. V-J Day
    A name chosen for the day on which the Surrender of Japan occurred, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event.
  61. September 2, 1945
    Day that Japan surrendered after WWII. Also known as Victory over Japan Day, V-J Day and V-P Day
Card Set
World War II
World War II