Sustainable Cites

  1. Three E's of sustainability
    Economy, Ecology, Equity
  2. Sustainable Yield
    • The amount below the threshold when it is safe to extract any kind of resource.
    • In the case of species, if that threshold were crossed, it could face extinction because there will still be another threat to the species.
  3. Natural captial
    Anything in the environment that provides a service to humans
  4. Malthusian theory
    • Populations grow so large that it exausts food production
    • kind of like sustainable yield for humans
  5. Urban form and CO2
    Building urban areas more dense can decrease CO2 because of buildings using shared walls to absorb less sunlight
  6. Urban Resiliency
    • The ability for an urban area to bounce back from disaster
    • factors that go into resiliency: change, what is causing it? what is the threshold? where is it changing to? Are people adapting to the changing?
  7. Peak Oil
    The point where oil companies HAVE to go to areas where it is more difficult and riskier to drill for oil.
  8. Institutional capacity
    • can be anything (governments, companies, organizations)
    • how well does it react to things? What experiences does the institution have?
    • BP oil spill for example
  9. Exposure
    • How receptive something is to a threat
    • Humans immune systems dealing with Avian bird flu vs. Polio
  10. Haiti vs. Dominican republic
    • Dominican Republic: There side of the border is a lush jungle
    • Haiti: Made a deal with the french that the french could cut down their trees for their independence
  11. life-cycle assesment
    • The life cycle of of an object
    • Where did the parts come from-> where was it assembled-> Where was it purchased and where does it go until it is ultimately disposed
  12. sustainable indicator
    A number that shows the quality of life in an area except it shows connections between the three E's
  13. Green House Gas sources
    Transportation and housing emits the most greenhouse gas
  14. Vehicle miles traveled
    • the number of miles a product or a person travels by vehicle
    • in the case of a product the miles each of its individual parts have traveled before it reaches the consumer
  15. Bennett freeze
    • Native American tribes couldn't settle its dispute over land so the government froze all land development for the land.
    • thousands left and quality of life collapsed
  16. Charette
    When the city goes to a community and gathers information on how the community wants it to be in the future
  17. Direct waste
    pollution that you can directly see
  18. indirect waste
    • pollution that is not immediately seen
    • soil run off from agriculture
  19. waste paradigm
    All the different ways that waste can be percieved by an individual
  20. LEED tradeoffs
    LEED certified buildings are more expensive to build but are more energy efficient
  21. environmental costs of waste
    pollution, environmental cycles are ruined
  22. social costs of waste
    health, disease, etc
  23. economic costs of waste
    Who pays for the cost of cleaning up pollution
  24. Curitiba success factors
    • completely overhauled public transportation
    • revolves around the center of the city
  25. 5 D's
    Density, Diversity, design, destination, distance
  26. Nuclear waste repository
    • disputes over disposing nuclear waste in the deserts of Nevada
    • areas far away from proposed site do not want to risk the dangers of transporting nuclear waste
  27. 6 principles of sustainable design
    • conserve energy
    • work with the climate
    • minimizing new resources
    • respect for users-(health of worker and environmental pollution)
    • respect for site (adverse effects on natural landscape)
    • holism(the whole is greater than the sum of its parts)
  28. permaculture
    growing crops utilizing the natural attributes of the environment
  29. hierarchy theory
    consequences depend on factors on every level
  30. food miles
    The distance food travels before it reaches the consumer
  31. land ethic
    • About how humans see themselves in nature
    • humans are a PART of nature
  32. losing species
    • losing species to extinction has several unintended consequences
    • lost "information"
    • for example: if the rain forest were lost, several plants that can be made into medicine will be lost forever
  33. composite indicators
    indicators that work well together
  34. environment justice
    the poor people are stuck with urban space of poor quality because of nearby factories
  35. definition of "nature"
    humans are always a part of nature and not above it
  36. natural processes and urban development
    • it is better to develop cities along with natural processes
    • for example: it is better to build near a river than away from one
Card Set
Sustainable Cites