Vocab. 17 & 18
science of naming and classifying organisms?
system that gives each species a two-part scientific names using Latin words?
one or more physically similar species that are thought to be closely related?
evolutionary history for a group of species?
evolutionary tree that proposes how species mat be related to each other through common ancestors?
energy factories of the cells?
organelle that manufactures protein in cells?
includes single-celled prokaryotes in kingdom bacteria?
is made up of all organisms with eukaryotic cells?
an infectious particle made only of a strand of RNA or DNA surrounded by protein coats?
any living organisms or particle that can cause an infectious?
single viral particle, is made up of genetic materials surrounded by protein shell called?
viruses that prey on bacteria?
infection pathway in which the host cell burst, releasing the new viral offspring into the host's system, where each then infects another cell?
phage combines its DNA into host cell's DNA?
rapid outbreak of an infection that affects many people?
substance that simulates the body's own immune response against invasion by microbes?
virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to make a DNA copy?
poisoned by oxygen?
organisms that need oxygen in their environment?
prokaryotes that can survive whether oxygen is present in the environment or not?
small piece of genetic material that can replication separately from the prokaryote's main chromosome?
long, whiplike structure outside of a cell that used for movement?
prokaryotes can exchange parts of their chromosomes through a hollow bridge of pili formed to connect two or more cells?
specialized cell with a thick, protective wall?
uses microbes and other living things to break down pollutants?
poison released by an organism?
chemicals that kill or slow the growth of bacteria. works by stopping bacteria from making cell walls?
Vocab. 17 & 18
biology chapter 17 & 18 vocabulary