1. Dominant weather processes over europe and major topographic features
    • uplands/lowlands east to west
    • alps highest central
    • rhine carries mpst traffic than any other river
    • north sea considered economic core
    • climate types- temperature midlatitude(dominant), mediterranean, humid continental
  2. what the major koppen-geiger climate types are and where they are found
  3. feudalism? how was it structured?
    originated from the need to provide some stability and order and to defend rural areas against raiders
  4. diverse sources that supplied ideas and technology to European culture and institutions, in past and present
    • 10,000 yrs ago practice of agricultre and animal husbandry= Tigris/Euphrates river valleys in Southwest Asia
    • cultivation of wheat, barley, fruits, veggies,, keeping of cattle, pigs, sheep from Central&Southwest Asia, N. Africa
    • Today many europeans speak romance laguages: french, spanish, italian
    • muslim rulers- textile and metal trade goods, food crops, technologies
  5. How Age of exploration directly supported industrial revolution
    • mercantilism came from the age of exploration
    • mercantilism supported the I.R. by supplying cheap resources from around the globe for Europe's new factories, colonial markets
  6. how wealth flowing from colonies benefited colonial powers
    • mining, milling, manufacturing ld to substantial migration of workers from rural areas to england, holland, france
    • large trading companies in americas, asia, africa generated profits from movement of raw materials bringing wealth to parts of europe
    • London and paris, europe's largest cities
  7. mercantilism? how it functioned? (for whose benefit)
    strategy for increasing a countrry's power/wealth not only acquiring colonies with their human and natural resources
  8. how eurpean centers of wealth and power shifted after 1500
    increasing wealth was particularily evident in flourishing cities of N.- central Europe to which over seas colonies ruled by england and holland brought enormus infusions of cash to be invested in industrailization
  9. World city?
    Examples of world cities in Europe
    • Cities of worldwide economic or cultural influence
    • Paris, London
  10. Various Revolutions
    Agarian Rev., Industri rev, and politican revs that have shaped it
    • indus rev-sugar provided production model and generated enormous wealth
    • agarian-
    • democratic-europe becoming democracy
  11. how the indus. rev changed the way goods were produced
    introduced mechanization-highly technical implementation(method)
  12. How french rev. was unique in the history of uprising?
  13. How WW1 & WW2 changed the face of Europe?
    Germany divided into 2 parts
  14. Holocaust?
    • mid tweenieth century.
    • massive ethic cleansing of 6 million jews perpetrated mainly by the Nazi government
    • (germany) and facist gov(italy)
  15. Cold war?
    • 1945 to 1951
    • U.s. and soviet union competed for dominance
  16. period which europe's colonies gained most of independence
  17. conflict where ethnic cleansinig became a major issue behind torture and cleansing
  18. implications of Europe's aging populations
    • death rates higher than birth rates
    • women don't want to be mothers because of job situation
    • most are veterans of war
  19. various organizations that led to the formation of European Union
    • european economic community,
    • north atlantic treaty organization
  20. purposes and goals for which EU was established
    G- extend transportation networks to draw europe together
  21. how european union membership has benefited its smaller less economically developed members
  22. how eu contributes to world competitivenss for its members in market global place
  23. which aspects of eu are controversial and why
    • standards for membership, country must acheive political stability and democratically elected government
    • each country had to adjust constution to EU standards
  24. n. atlantic treaty?
    relationship to EU today?
    • created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
    • stepping stone to membership in EU
  25. how economies in europe are changing
    • deindustrialization
    • growing service economies
    • energy resources
    • transportation structure
    • Technology
  26. status of farming and food self sufficiency
    • self sufficiency in food-positive
    • only 2% of Europe fulltime farming
  27. open door borders of eu affect migration between eu member coutries
    • eased life throughout region faciliating trade, employment, tourism.
    • intennded to bring new workers to england
  28. issues surrounding immigration in europe? where immgrants are coming
    • europeans fear that presence of large number of immgrants will make them feel like strangers towards their own land.
    • turkey, north africa, afghanistan, albania, haiti, rwnada serbia
  29. how # of women who work outside home varies in each county
    womens political participation
    • least in italy 45%, most in denmark 75%, united stated in middle65%
    • most in north europe, west europe u.s. last
  30. various "flavors" of social welfare systems and how they vary over space
    • north europe-social democratic-equality
    • west europe-conservative-minimum standard for all citizens
    • United kingdom-modest-encourage individual responsibility and work ethic
    • south europe-rudimentary-don't accept ideas that citizens have right to government sponsored support
    • post communist-eastern/southeastern-women pressured to work outside home
  31. major environmental issues and how challenges they represent are being met
    • air pollution- signed Kyto protocol, which sets incremental goals for emission control
    • sea pollution-1st priority to get 21 ratified countries involvd and then to enforce them
  32. sea pollution varies over space
    • worst in baltic sea 10-20
    • best in meditteranean .75
  33. wealthiest across europe
    • slovenia 20% population four times more wealthy then 20% poorest
    • Middle andSouth America richest 20% more than 20 times more wealthy then 20% poorest
Card Set
Geography 4A Ch. 3 & 4