FL LEO Vocab

  1. A vehicle w/o driver or person in charge of the vehicle which could be disavled, improperly parked or a potentioal crime scene is?
    Abandoned vehicle
  2. Pattern let by a vehicle with anti-lock brakes that results from hard braking is?
    ABS scuff marks
  3. Process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream is?
  4. Any willful or threatened act by a caregiver that significantly impairs or is likely to impair a vulnerable adult's physical, mental, or emotional health significantly is?
    Abuse of a disabled adult or elderly person
  5. Dark marks, resulting from rapid acceleration, that gradually fade are?
    Acceleration scuff marks
  6. Person who aids or contributes in committing or concealing a crime?
  7. An offense in which a person assists an offender while having knowledge that the felony is being or has been committed is?
    Accessory after the fact
  8. The stress that results from numerous sources over time is?
    Accumulative stress
  9. Reasonable and foreseeable activities that an employee engages in while carrrying out the employer's business is know as?
    Acting within the scope of employment
  10. Being physically in or on the vehicle and having the capability to operate the vehicle is known as?
    Actual physical control
  11. Type of stress that is short-lived and severe is known as?
    Acute stress
  12. Physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance is known as?
  13. Legal requirements that must be met before a jury is allowed to see or hear evidence is known as?
    Admissibility of evidence
  14. Relevant evidence tending to prove or disprove a material fact with numerous exceptions specified is?
    Admissible evidence
  15. A Solemn and formal declaration or assertion in place of an oath is?
  16. 1st Deg Felony that occurs when person commits agg. batt. on a child; tortures, maliciously punishes, or cages a child; or knowingly or willfully abuses a child, and in so doing, causeds great bodily harm, permanent disability, or permanent disfigurement to child is?
    Aggravated child abuse
  17. Suspect or defendant's claim that he or she was not present when the alleged act was committed is?
  18. Combination of letters and numbers is?
  19. Federal civil rights law that protects individuals with disabilities is?
    Americans with Disabilities Act / or ADA
  20. Pain-relieving drug is known as?
  21. Location of the first harmful event or the first damage-producing event in a traffic crash is?
    Area of collision / AOC
  22. To legally deprive person of liberty or freedom to go as he/she chooses; take into custody to be held to answer for crime is?
  23. Charging document that states the probable cause for the arrest is?
    Arrest affidavit
  24. Court order authorizing law enforcement to take the individual named on the warrant into custody is?
    Arrest warrant
  25. A notion, statement, or belief about a person, group, or event that may or may not be factual is?
  26. Commiting an act, beyond thinking/speaking, towards carrying out a crime; situation in which a person would have committed a crime except that he or she failed or was prevented from doing so by an outside occurrence or person is?
  27. A Developmental disability that occurs in earyly childhood and continues throughout adulthood which may result in difficulties with learning, communication, and social interaction is?
  28. Law that provides access for mentally ill persons to emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term community inpatient treatment is?
    Baker Act
  29. Strong, negative belief or feeling about a person, group, or subject that is formed w/o reviewing all available faccts or information is?
    Bias/ prejudice
  30. A depiction of a crime scene sketched as if looking down from above the Scene is?
  31. Functional loss of vision is?
  32. The limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle and is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every 100 milliliters is?
    Blood alcohol concentration / BAC
  33. Failure of the defendant to act in a reasonable manner is?
    Breach of duty
  34. Limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle and is expressed as grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath is?
    Breath alcohol concentration / BrAC
  35. To give, offer, or promise a benefit or gift to a person in order to influence that person to a certain course of action is?
  36. Any tool, machine, or implement with the intent to use, or allow it to be used, to commit any burglary or trespass such as screwdrivers, pliers, wrenches, and pry bars is?
    Burglary tools
  37. A Door-to-door inquiry of all possible sources of information for a given area is?
  38. Person, such as relative, court-appointed/vountary guardian, adult household member, neighbor, health care provider, or employee/volunteer of facilities, who has been entrusted with or has assumed responsiblity for the care or the property of a disabled adult or elderly person is?
  39. Body of law that is formed by the decisions of the court system is?
    Case law
  40. CBRNE is an acronym for?
    Chemical biological raiological nuclear explosives
  41. Sworn, as in a certified police officer?
  42. Documentation of who came into contact with the evidence, as well as when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to the evidence is?
    Chan of custody
  43. Intentional infliction of physical or mental injury upon a child is?
    Child abuse
  44. Any unmarried person under the age of 18 who has not been emancipated by order of the court and who has been found or alleged to be dependent, in need of services, or from a family in need of services/ or any married or unmarried person who is charged with a violation of law occuring prior to the time that that person reached the age of 18 is?
    Child, juvenile, or youth
  45. Occurs when a caregiver fails or omits to provide child with the care, supervision, and services necessary to maintain the child's physical and mental health is?
    Child neglect
  46. A type of stress that continues for a long period is?
    Chronic stress
  47. Any evidence that requires an inference or presumption to establish a fact is?
    Circumstantial / indirect evidence
  48. Area of law that allows individuals to resolve their disputes through legal action is?
    Civil Law
  49. The legal action a person takes to resolve a dispute with another person is?
    Civil liability
  50. An unlawful interference with the fundamental rights of another inhabitant of the United States is?
    Civil rights violation
  51. Something that leads to the solution of a problem is?
  52. When an officer acts or purports to act in the performance of official duties under any law, ordinance or reulation is know as?
    Color of law
  53. The bearing of one who commands or influences others which encompasses professional appearance, demeanor, poise, and attitude is known as?
    Command presence
  54. Exchange of thoughts or messages, verbally and nonverbally, through signals or writing is known as?
  55. The people and location comprising the neighborhoods, instituional settings, and workplaces in which an officer lives or works is known as?
  56. Community supervision in which a person is closely monitored and is more restrictive than probation or parole is known as?
    Community control
  57. Court awards designed to compensate for the actual property damage, harm or injury the plaintiff suffers is known as?
    Compensatory damages
  58. The actions and situations that could conflict with official resposiblities is known as?
    Conflict of interest
  59. When an officer comes into voluntary contact with a citizen under circumstances in which a reasonable person would feel free to disregard the police and go about his or her business is known as?
    Consensual encounter
  60. Intelligent, knowing, and voluntary consent that does not induce coerced submission; a legal defense that claims that the acts in question were committed with the victim's permission?
  61. A situation in which the offender agreed, conspired, combined, or confederated with the person alleged to cause a crime to be committed is known as?
  62. The standards set forth in the Constitution and decisions and interpretations of the Constitution handed down by the US District and Supreme Courts is known as?
    Constitutional Law
  63. Any damage to a vehicle resulting from the direct pressure of any object in a collision or rollover is known as?
    Contact damage
  64. The primary officer on a call is known as?
    Contact officer
  65. Anything that is illegal to possess is known as?
  66. The direct cause or contribution to a crash is known as?
    Contributing traffic violation
  67. A motor vehicle, vessel, ship, aircraft, railroad vehicle or car, trailer, or sleeping car is known as?
  68. A Latin term meaning the "body of evidence" describing the legal principle that claims it must be proven that a crime has occurred before a person can be convicted of committing that crime is?
    Corpus delicti
  69. Behavior that involves showing consideration, respect and cooperation when interacting with others is known as?
  70. The backup officer responsible for officer safety is known as?
    Cover officer
  71. Law enforcement's responsibility to control and normalize a traffic crash scene is known as?
    Crash management
  72. The legal right of a driver to answer questions about a traffic crash and to give full information required to complete a crash investigation without fear of self-incrimination is known as?
    Crash privilege
  73. An inmproper act is a?
  74. The structures, functions, and decision-making processes of agencies that deal with management and control of crime and criminal offenders is known as?
    Criminal justice
  75. The part of statutory law That defines unacceptable behaviors and government prosecution of those who commit them is knon as?
    Criminal Law
  76. Liability incurred when an officer is found guilty of committing a crime and is sentenced to incarceration or other penalties is known as?
    Criminal Liability
  77. The liability that occurs when a person breaches a duty to conform to a particular standard of conduct with others is?
    Criminal negligence
  78. Formal or inmformal ongoing organization, association, or group that has as one of its primary activites the commission of criminal or delinquent acts, and that consists of three or more persons who have a common name or td is a?
    Criminal street gang
  79. An event that significantly alters or threatens to alter a person's life or a situation, usually in a negative way; a crucial period in which a significan change seems inevitable is known as?
  80. Reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, i.e., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely is a?
  81. Consciously doing an act or following a course of conduct that the person must have knonw or reasonably should have knonwn was likly to cause death or great bodily injury is known as?
    Cuppable negligence
  82. The enclosed spce of ground and the outbuildings immediately surrounding a structure is known as?
  83. The suspect is deprived of freedom in a significant was is known as?
  84. To communicate words, images, or language through the use of electronic mail or electronic communication to specific person, causing substantial emotional distress to that person and serving no legitimate purpose is known as?
  85. Loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision is known as?
  86. Common legal term describing a person's authority to take reasonable steps, including the use of force, except deadly, to the extent that a person reasonably believes that it's necessary to protect his or her possessions from trespass or theft or to terminate these acts is known as?
    Defense of property
  87. Any stress that lies buried for a period and then resurfaces is known as?
    Delayed stress
  88. When a person with authority grants power to another is?
    Delegation of authority
  89. Firmly held but false belief that is retained despite logical proof to the contrary is known as?
  90. Intellectual deterioration or an organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of memory, the impairment of judgment and abstract thinking, and changes in personality is?
  91. Florida agency responsible for issuing DL, titles, plates and vessel reg., and for overseeing FHP is?
    Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles / DHSMV
  92. Official court proceeding in which sworn testimony regarding the case facts is provided to the defense or prosecuting attorney prior to trial is?
  93. Process that brings physically or psychologically dependent person to a substance-free state is?
  94. Evidence which proves a fact w/o an inference or presumption and which, if true, conclusively establishes that fact is?
    Direct liability
  95. Liability which arises in cases where the officer committed an intentional or nefligent tort in violation of the employing agency's policies is?
    Direct liability
  96. Person 18 or older who suffers from a condition of physical or mental incapacitation is?
    Disabled adult
  97. Actions a person takes to deprive another individual or group of a right because of prejudice involving color, national origin, race, religion, or sex is?
  98. Unequal treatment of any person including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting based solely or primarily because of discrimination is?
    Discriminatory profiling / Bias-based Profiling
  99. The point at which the vehicles in a crash separate, either naturally or artificially is?
  100. Process by which the bloodstream carries alcohol to the body's tissues and organs is?
  101. The ability to concentrate on two or more things at the same time is?
    Devided attention
  102. Anything written or printed which is offered to prove or disprove a fact is?
    Documentary evidence
  103. Not a specific crime but actions that include any assault, agg assault, batt, agg batt, sex ass., sex batt., stalking, agg stalking, kiddnapping, false imprisonment, or any criminal offense resulting in physical injury or death of one family or household member by another is?
    Domestic violence
  104. A measure of the friction generated between a vehicle tire and the road surface is?
    Drag factor
  105. Operating a vehicle while impaired by use of alcohol or drugs is?
    Driving under the influence / DUI
  106. Any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair ability of a person to operate a vehicle safely is?
  107. A part of the 14th Amendment that expands the restrictions the Bill of Rights places on the federal govn. to state and local governments and states, "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privilages and immunities of citizens of the US, nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property, withough due process of law; nor deny any person w/in its jurisdiction of the equal protection of the laws." is known as?
    Due process clause
  108. The entire process of ID and gathering evidence to determine whether or not a subject should be arrested fro a DUI violation is?
    DUI Detection
  109. Defense that requires the person committing the act to reasonably believe that the only way to avoid death or great bodily harm to self or other is to commit the crime is?
    Duress or coercion
  110. Person 60 or older who suffers from infirmities of aging as manifested by advanced age or organic brain damage, or other physical, mental, or emotional dysfunction, to the extent that the ability of the person to provide adequately for his/her own care or protection is imaired is?
    Edlderly person.
  111. A process by which alcohol is expelled from the body which includes breath, sweat, tears, and saliva is?
  112. The physical evidence that allows a fingerprint analyst to distinguish between prints belonging to the victim or witness and possible suspects is?
    Elimination prints
  113. Act of theft in which a person wrongfully takes money or other property entrusted to him or her for safekeeping and uses it for his/her own personal gain is?
  114. A Defense against liability that allows an officer to react instinctively to sudden peril w/o being held to the same legal standard of care as he would have been had ther been time to reflext upon the circumstances is?
    Emergency doctrine
  115. Resource to guide a firs responder's initial actions to a HAZMAT incident including the ID of hazardous materials, areas of peronal protection, and initial safety plan is?
    Emergency Response Guidebook ERG
  116. When two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time it is?
  117. Special authoriztation printed on a FL DL permitting certain types of vehicles or to transport certain types of property is?
  118. When law enforcement officer induces or causes a suspect to commit a crime so that the officer may then arrest the suspect; can be used as legal defense is?
  119. Principle, value-based decision making is known as?
    Ethical behavior
  120. Any rules of conduct derived from ethical values is?
    Ethical Principles
  121. The standards of conduct based on moral duties and virtues that are derived from the principles of right and wrong is known as?
  122. Anything presented in court to prove or disprove the validity of information is known as?
  123. A rule which states that evidence obtained illegally by law enforcement will not be admissible at trial is?
    Exclusionary rule
  124. Certain emergencies, such as evidence destruction, an emergency scene, or fresh pursuit that justify a warrantless entry is known as?
    Exigent Circumstances
  125. The materials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly is knonw as?
  126. When someone knowingly, by deception or intimidation, obtains or uses a disabledd adult't or elderly person's funds, assets, or property is known as?
    Exploitation of a disabled adult or elderly person
  127. Any formal or informal association of individals acting in concert or independently to advocate violence and/or the illegal disruption of the activities of others; it can be domestic or international is known as?
    Extremist group
  128. Spouses, former spouses, people related by blood or marriage, people who reside together or who have resided together in the past in the same swelling unit, and people who are parents of a common child is?
    Family or household member
  129. Computer system that provides info about criminal incidents, people, vehicles, and property is known as?
  130. Rule that involves relying on the collective knowlege of other officer in taking law enforcement action is known as?
    Fellow officer rule
  131. Any person with whom an officer has contact while on patrol, such as concerned citizens, anonymous callers, confidential informants, and other law enforcement officers is known as?
    Field contacts
  132. The psychological exercises given to determine chemical impairment is known as?
    Field Sobriety Exercises
  133. The body's preparation to either fight a threat or flee a situation is known as?
    Fight or flight response
  134. The point when all activity from the traffic crash comes to a halt is known as?
    Final rest
  135. The first damage-producing event in a traffic crash. It determines the exact time, location, and type of crash is known as?
    First harmful event
  136. Permit granting the privilege to drive to a FL resident who passes the DHSMV test is?
    Florida Driver licences FDL
  137. Civil proceeding in which the law enforcement agency asks the court to transfer ownership of property from the defendant to the government is known as?
  138. Altering, forging, or counterfeiting a public record, certificate, legal document, bill of exchange or promissory note, etc., with the intent to injure or defraud someone is?
  139. Legal doctrine that permits a law enforcement officer to arrest a fleeing suspect who crosses jurisdictional lines is known as?
    Fresh pursuit
  140. Trench dug by locked tires when a car is driven on a soft surface such as gravel, sand or dirt is?
    Furrow mark
  141. Objects obtained by the defendant as a result of committing a crime is?
    Fruits of a crime
  142. Flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive materials stored in containers under pressure is?
  143. An offender'sintention to make the bodily movement which becomes the act to commit a criminal offense is known as?
    General intent
  144. Occurs when a metal vehicle part cuts into and removes the road surface is known as?
  145. Anything of value intended to benefit the giver more than the receiver; something given to a person because of that person's position or authority is?
  146. A variation of the strip/line search pattern that is often used indoors and which overlaps a series of lanes in a cross pattern, making the search more methodical and thorough is?
    Grid search pattern
  147. Any sensory perceptions in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there is?
  148. When a person engages in conduct that causes substantial emotional distress in a person and serves no legitimate purpose is known as?
  149. A loss of hearing, but not to the extent that an individual must rely on visual communication is knonw as?
    Hard of hearing
  150. Substance that may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans and animals, or harm the environment is?
    Hazardous material / HAZMAT
  151. Any degree of hearing loss is known as?
    Hearing impairment
  152. A statement that is made out of court by someone not testifying at a trial or hearing which offers evidence to prove or disprove the truth of the matter asserted is?
  153. An exact match in a database is a?
  154. Involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move to the side is known as?
    Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus / HGN
  155. A work situation in which lewd jokes or offensive habits are acceptable is?
    Hostile work environment
  156. Transporting, soliciting, recruiting, harboring, providing, or obtaining another person for transport is known as?
    Human trafficking
  157. Physical, mental or psychological disorder affecting one or more body systems is known as?
  158. The fact that any person who accepts the privilege of driving in FL has consented to submit to an approved chemical test to determine the alcohol content or the presence of a cheemical and/or controlled substance in their breath, blood, or urine is?
    Implied consent
  159. Words that are often confusing, such as words that sound the same but are spelled differently or words that sound similar but have different meanings is?
    Improper or misused words
  160. Aportion of the skid mark that represents the most efficient braking of the wheel is known as?
    Incipient skid mark or impending skid mark
  161. Any evidence that requires an inference or presumption to establish a fact is?
    Indirect evidence
  162. Damage to a vehicle other than contact damage, often occuring as bending, breaking, crumpling, and distortion of the vehicle is?
    Induced Damage
  163. Person who provides information in confidence about crimes, either from a sense of civic duty or in the expectation of some personal benefit or advantage, and whose ID is normally not disclosed until required by law is?
  164. Wording printed on a FLDL that signals an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status is?
    Informational Alert
  165. Any mental disorder so severe that it prevents a person from having legal capacity and excuses that person from criminal or civil responsiblility is?
  166. The items used by the defendant to commit the crime is?
    Instrumentalities of the crime
  167. When a person purposely does what the law declares to be a crime is?
  168. Knowingly or recklessly taking or enticing any child under the age of 18 years from the custody of its parent, guardian, or other lawful custodian is?
    Interference with custody
  169. A series of skid marks with long gaps, 30 ft or more, between heavy skid marks is known as?
    Intermittent skid marks
  170. A legal defense in limited circumstances when it negates an essential element of the crime, such as the ability to form criminal intent in the commission of certain offenses is?
  171. A process that involves making detailed and systematic inquiries or observations that begins upon the officer's arrival at the scene of a reported crime, and usually ends with him or her filing the initial report or turning the matter over to a det. or investigator is?
  172. A stop that may be made only if an officer has reasonable suspicion that the person stopped was committing, is committing, or is about to commit a law violation; also known as a Terry stop is?
    Investigative stop
  173. The types of cases in which the court can make decisions is?
  174. Any force a person may legally use to defend against the use of force by another is?
    Justifiable Use of Force
  175. A child 12 yrs of age or younger who is alleged to have committed a violation of sexual batter, prostitution, lewdness, indecent exp, abuse of a child, obscenity, or any biolations of law or delinquent act involving juvenile sexual abuse is?
    Juvenile sexual offender
  176. Type of fingerprint that is invisible to the naked eye and is the most common evidence found at crime scenes. Results from body residues left behind when the friction ridges of the hands or feet make contact with a surface is?
    Latent prints
  177. The communication in an organization that travels across employees on the same level w/in coc is?
    Lateral communication
  178. Presentation of a number of individuals, which may include a known suspect, to a victim or witness in a nonsuggestive manner for the purpose of ID is?
    Live Lineup
  179. Set of forms provided by the FL DHSMV used to record a narrative and crash diagram for a traffic crash is a?
    Long Form
  180. Caring for onself, performing manual tasks, Walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working is?
    Major Life Activities
  181. Wrongfully, intentionally, and w/o legal justification or excuse is?
  182. A Law that provides substance abusers w/ access to emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and treatment is?
    Marchman Act
  183. The point at which the vehicles or other objects in a traffic crash are crushed together to the greatest extent is?
    Maximum engagement
  184. The condition where the gaze of the eye has moved as far as it can go towards the shoulder and no white is visible at the outside of the eye is?
    Maximum deviation
  185. The phase of brake application beginning with pedal depression and ending with any resulting change in wheel rotational velocity is?
    Mechanical delay
  186. An impairment of the mental or emotional processes that exercises conscious control of actions or of the ability to perceive or understand reality that substantially interferes w/a person's ability to meet the ordinary demands of lining is known as?
    Mental illness
  187. Legal defense which recognizes that a criminal defendant will be judged on his or her present ability to assist counsel by participating in the criminal defense is known as?
    Mental incompetence
  188. Diagnosis of a person with significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior, which occurs prior to age 18 is?
    Mental retardation
  189. A hunch or gut feeling based on law enforcement training and knowledge but is not an acceptable justification for interfering with someone's rights is?
    Mere suspicion
  190. Biological process by which the body breaks down substances into compounds that are more readily excreted is?
  191. The brief statements made during an interview which indicate the officer is listening is?
    Minimal encouragers
  192. The slowest speed a vehicle can travel to leave skid marks on the roadway surface is known as?
    Minimum speed
  193. Technique in which the interviewer acts as if he or she looks in a mirror and sees him/herself as the interviewee is?
  194. Legal defense that is used when the accused does not possess the mental state required to commit a criminal offense because of a reasonably mistaken belief about the facts relating to the circumstances; not to be confused with diminished mental capacity or insanity is?
    Mistake or ignorance of fact
  195. Functional limitation that affects one or more of a person's limbs is?
    Mobility impairment
  196. Latin term meaning Mode of operating or mo referring to how someone does something which is usually repetitive in nature is?
    Modus Operandi
  197. Substance that induces sleep is?
  198. Paragraphs in police report containing specific details and pertinent info about an incident and the elements of the crime is?
  199. Failure to use due or reasonable care in a situation that results in harm to another is?
  200. Involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by disruption of the central nervous system is?
    Neurological Nystagmus
  201. Used in traffic stops in which the officer calls the driver to the patrol car instead of approaching?
    No approach tactic
  202. Section of the FS that says an individual has "no duty to retreat when faced w/imminent harm, has the right to stand his/her ground and may meet force w/force including deadly is?
    No retreat law
  203. Taffic violation that has no bearing on the cause of the crash is?
    Non-contributing traffic violation
  204. Offense, also known as a civil infraction, for which the only penalt may be fine, forfeiture, or other civil penalty is?
    Noncriminal violation
  205. Interview in which the person is not under arrest and a reasonable person would believe that he/she is free to leave at any time during the interview is?
    Noncustodial interview
  206. Violation that has nothing to do with traffic or the traffic crash is a?
    Non-traffic violation
  207. Messages sent by body language, posture, mascle tensions, facial expression, and response time is?
    Nonverbal communication
  208. The ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an auto, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life is?
    Normal Faculties
  209. Weapon that derive its destuctive power from an uncontrolled nuclear reaction?
    Nuclear weapon
  210. Involuntary jerking of the eys is?
  211. Promise to tell truth regarding an incident or occurrence is a?
  212. Accurately noting what is presented to the five senses by keeping in view, noticing, or giving attention to persons, things, or circumstances is?
  213. Criminal or noncriminal act punishable by law is?
  214. Skid mark indicating an abrupt change of direction of a tire due to collision forces is known as?
    Offset Mark
  215. Traffic stop position where the wheels of the police officer's vehicle should be turned outward, toward the road, so the patrol vehicle may be deflected away from the violator's vehicle if the patrol vehicle is struck from behind; this position creates a potential safety corridor where an officer can walk when approaching the violator's vehicle is?
    Offset position
  216. Information not recorded in an official document during court proceeding is?
    Off the record
  217. When an officer neglects to perform what the law or duty requires is?
  218. Social gathering at a residence that is legal unless minors are sonsuming alchohol or drugs are present is?
    Open house party
  219. Any locally applied law, statute enacted by a municipal or county govn. is a?
  220. Accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance is a?
  221. The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise thatn temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers is?
  222. The loss of visual acuity in which objects look dim or out of focus is?
    Partial sight
  223. Fingerprints that are visible to the nakes eye and are transferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance, not body residue, like blood, paint, or dirt is?
    Patent prints
  224. An involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseasesof the inner ear is?
    Pathological Nystagmus
  225. Impression in a person's mind of an individual, people, or events based on experiences, biases, beliefs, assumptions, and observations, the process of organizing and attaching meaning to sensations, so that they can be interpreted is/
  226. Area surrounding the site of an incident?
  227. False statement made under oath which the person speaking does not believe to be true is?
  228. Lifelong pattern of maladaptive behavior that interferes with daily living is?
    Personality disorder
  229. Individual convictions about what is right/wrong based on religious beliefs, cultural roots, family background, personal experiences, laws, organiztional values, professional norms, and political habits is?
    Personal values
  230. Taking soething valued less than $300 is?
    Petit theft
  231. System of code workds for ID letters in voice comms?
    Phonetic Alphabet
  232. Presentation of a series of photos in nonsuggestive manner to victim or witness in order to ID suspect is?
    Photo Array
  233. State in which the body becomes accustomed to a substance and needs that substance to function normally is?
    Physical dependence
  234. Actual objects which may be offered to prove facts about a case?
    Physical/ real evidence
  235. Search pattern often used at extremely large search areas that entails dividing the area into a number of pie-shaped sections, which are usually searched using the srip/line search pattern is?
    Pie/Wheel search pattern
  236. Molded or imbedded fingerprints made by touching a surface that is impressionable, or when fingers or hand is coted with foreign substance?
    Plastic prints
  237. Point in time when the crash is inevitable, nomatter what evasive actions drivers may attempt is?
    Point of no escape
  238. The earliest possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard is?
    Point of possible perception
  239. Anything Directed through one of the five senses that makes the driver aware of a potential danger or hazard is?
    Point of perception
  240. When a person uses two or more drug categories simultaneously is?
    Polydrug use
  241. Plastic housing around the columns' base that has been popped open, exposing the ignition bars that can be pulled forward to start the car; key protion of the ignition key area has been removed, exposing the ignition bar is?
    Popped/ slatted ignition
  242. Any damage to a vehicle that was present before the crash is?
    Pre-existing damage
  243. Pre-judging of people who are different from an individual is?
  244. Stop made by officer ono basis of traffic infraction when there is not enough info for reasonable suspicion to make the stop but for the objective purpose of looking inside the vehicle for evidence of criminal activity is?
    Pretext stop
  245. Something that is apparent on its face and is considered less than obvious, but more than mere suspicion is?
    Prima facia / per se
  246. The one element or action which describes the primary cause of a crash is?
    Primary collision factor
  247. Defendent who helped another person commit or attempt to commit a crime and whose actions must be created as if he or she had done all the things the other person did is?
    Principal in the first degree
  248. Fair probablility or reasonable grounds to believe that a crime was committed, based on the totality of circumstances is?
    Probable Cause
  249. Sworn, written statement by a leo establishing certain facts and circumstances to justify an arrest is?
    Probable cause affidavit
  250. Sentence placing person under the supervision of probation officer for specified length of time in lue of confinement is?
  251. Behavior that follows the prescribed Leo code of ethics, which demonstrates good character and is marked by pride in self and career is?
  252. The presentation of evidence sufficient to prove the guilt of each element of the crim beyond a reasonable doubt is?
    Proof beyond a reasonable doubt
  253. Distance that people should stay from a hazardous spill is?
    Protective action distance
  254. Link between the breach of duty and the harm caused is?
    Proximate cause
  255. A mental condition caused by repeated use of drug that causes the user to crave the substance is?
    Psychological dependence
  256. Field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical talks simultaneously is?
    Psychophysical tests
  257. Damages awarded in addition to actual damages when the defendant acted with reclessness, malice or deceit is?
    Punitive damages
  258. Defense which protects goverment officials from liability for civil damages insofar as their conduct does not violate clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a reasonable person would ahve knonw is?
    Qualified immunity
  259. Gathering info for law enforcement purposes, includes entering, runnin, vehicle check, records check, wants and warrants check is?
  260. Latin for Something for something in return is ?
    Quid pro quo
  261. Procedures for properly constructing/transmitting messages is?
    Radio protocol
  262. Lenth of time from when a person perceives a given situation as a hazard to when he or she reacts to his or her perception is?
    Reaction time
  263. Level of justification needed to support a legal stop or investigative detention where an officer can articulate the facts that support a suspicion of a law violation is?
    Reasonable suspicion
  264. Person who receiveds a message is?
  265. Written document prepared by leo that gives info about an event, or person encountered by officer is?
  266. Language printed on FL DL that may limit driver from opertating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he/she meets certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle is?
  267. Taking possession of or carrying away of merchandise, money, or negotiable intruments, altering or removing, label or price; trasferring merchandise from on container to another w/lower price; removing a shopping cart with intent to deprive the merchant of possession, use, benefit or full retail value is?
    Retail theft
  268. Brief informational meeting officers attend before shift is?
    Roll call
  269. Judges order during a court proceeding that forbids all witnesses from discussing any aspect of a case w/anyone but the involved attorneys is?
    Rule of sequestration
  270. Fluid trail or pool of fluids escaping from a vehicle as a result of impact is?
  271. Broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made w/o great pressure by a sliding metal part is?
  272. Mark caused by the tires of a vehicle that negotiates a curve too fast and slides off the curve is?
    Scuff/yaw mark , critical speed mark
  273. Any government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy is?
  274. Court order that authorizes law enforcement to conduct a search and seizure is ?
    Search warrant
  275. SECURE is an acronym for________________; the model used to enhance an officer's problem solving capabilities is?
    Safety, Ethics, Community, Understanding, Response, and Evaluation
  276. Common legal term that describes the justifiable use of force that is necessary to protect oneself is?
  277. Process where a creditor may take possession of collateral after default w/o a court order, if the repossession can be done w/o breach of peace is?
    Self-help repossession
  278. An Act that occurs when the government affects a person's right to have or control his/her property, usually by taking that property is?
  279. An awareness of one's inner nature, feelings, abilities, and limitations is?
  280. Continual internal monologue in which an individual narrates events that are occuring is?
  281. The person who sends message to receiver is?
  282. Oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by or union with sexual organ of another, anal vaginal penetration of another by any other object is?
    Sexual battery
  283. Defined in F.S. 784.046-c and means any one incident of sexual battery as defined in FS 794 is?
    Sexual violence
  284. Set of forms provided by the FDHSMV for the purpose of documenting a traffic crash is?
    Short form
  285. A one-on-one ID of a suspect in the field by a victim or witness orchestrated by LEO a short time after the commission of an offense is a?
  286. A black mark left by a tire that slides and cannot rotate is a?
    Skid mark
  287. A Series of skid marks usually short in length with irregular intervals between them is?
    Skip-skid marks
  288. An offense against the integrity of the US borders is?
  289. An offense in which a person commands, encourages, hires, or requests another person to engage in specific conduct which would constitute the commission of an offense or an attempt is?
  290. A legal concept derived from the common law idea that the king and his agents can do no wrong, which is applied to employees or agents of a governmental entity as an organization, to preclude the award of damages in a civil lawsuit is?
    Sovereign immunity
  291. Special mental elements of intention to cause a particular result, which is required over and above any mental state required for the offender to commit the act is?
    Specific intent
  292. Physiological condition that causes difficulty in producing sound or understanding language, including reading and writing is?
    Speech impairment
  293. Begins at the end of mechanical delay and ends when the total four-wheel lockup or skid begins is?
  294. Search pattern often used outside by one person in which the searcher begins at certain point and walks in increasingly larger circles to the outmost boundary of the search area is?
    Spiral search pattern
  295. The strip of dry pavement left after a vehicle skids on a wet roadway is?
    Squeege mark
  296. The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily, for the purpose of , and while actually engaged in, receiving or discharging passenger is?
  297. The level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty is?
    Standard of care
  298. The psycophysical tests given to determine impairment is?
    Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
  299. Any action the driver takes that alters the speed or direction of the vehicle, such as applying the brakes or turning the steering wheel is?
    Start of evasive action
  300. A permanent, verbal, or written record of a person's account of an incident or occurence that may or may not be made under oath is?
  301. Law that bars the state from prosecuting an individual after a certain period of time has elapsed sice the criinal act occurred is?
    Statute of limitations
  302. The written laws enacted by Congress, state legislatures, or local governing authorities in response to a perceived need to clarify the function of government is?
    Statutory law
  303. The labeling of people either positively or negatively based on generalizations about their gender, race, ethnicity, religion or other characteristic is?
  304. When prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the directions of a law enforcement officer or traffic control sign or signal is?
  305. Examines crime patterns and crime trends for management use in decision making, resource development, resource allocation, and policy planning; typically focuses on specific crime types is?
    Strategic intelligence
  306. The physical or emotional reactions to an event or situation is?
  307. The factors which may cause stress are?
  308. A Search pattern often used outside by several people in which the search area is divided into lanes that are searched by one or more people in both directions until the entire area has been examined is?
    Strip/line search pattern
  309. Any building of any kind, either temporary or permanent, which has a roof over it, and the enclosed space of ground and outbuildings immediately surrounding it is?
  310. The continued use of a substance for non-medical reasons despite the knowledge that the substance causes adverse effects on an individual's social life, occupational life, and psychological or physical health is?
    Substance abuse
  311. Continued substance use due to an uncontrollable physical or psychological craving for that substance is?
    Substance dependence
  312. The legal, illegal, therapudic, or recreational intake of a substance that alters physical or mental function is?
    Substance use
  313. A situation in which major life activities are restricted in the manner, condition, or duration in which they are performed in comparison with most people is?
    Substantial limitation
  314. The marks a vehicle can leave on roadways are?
    Surface marks
  315. A person believed to have committed a crime or offense is a?
    Suspect / suspected perpetrator
  316. Used for specific decision making or problem solving to deal with an immediate situation or crisis is?
    Tactical intelligence
  317. Evidence comprised of the statements solicited from witnesses on the stand is?
    Testimonial evidence
  318. Knowingly obtaining, using or endeavoring to obtain or use property of another with the intent to temporarily or permanently deprive the other person of the use of the property is?
  319. The mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire is?
    Tire print
  320. The physical resistance to effects of a substance that causes a user to need a larger amount of it to experience the desired effect is?
  321. An improper act in civil law is?
  322. Court review of all factors known to the officer at the time of the incident is?
    Totality of circumstances
  323. A collision imvolving one or more vehicles, which causes personal injury, property damage, or death, and which is the result of an unintentional act is?
    Traffic crash
  324. The general speed and direction of vehicle or pedestrian movement is?
    Traffic flow
  325. Temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by an officer for an investigative purpose is?
    Traffic stop
  326. An offense against a person for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, slavery or commercial sex is?
  327. The intent that is present when an intentional act harms an unintended second victim is?
    Transfered intent
  328. The method employed in crime-scene sketching using measurements made from at least two fixed objects to form a triangle is?
  329. Knowingly exhibiting or publishing a document to someone or attempting to cash a check by signifying that the check and the endorsement is real is?
  330. The principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable; the core beliefs or desires that guide or motivate attitudes and actions is?
  331. Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or track is a?
  332. The movement of the vehicle during and after a collision is?
    Vehicle dynamics
  333. Communication through spoken words is?
    Verbal communication
  334. The information that flows down through the supervision level to the lowest levels of the organization is?
    Vertical communication
  335. The involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move upward are held at maximum deviation is?
    Vertical Gaze Nystagmus
  336. An Involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the vestibular is?
    Vesibular Nystagmus
  337. When a person or entity is held liable for the negligent actions of another person, even though the first person or entity was not directly responsible for the injury is?
    Vicarious liablility
  338. Person harmed by a crime is?
  339. A decision by an individual to voluntarily seek psychiatric evaluation for symptoms that maybe due to a mental illness is?
    Voluntary examination
  340. The alternating flashes of the vehicle lights, strobe, flashers, and other lights are?
    Wig wags
  341. The physical and mental symptoms experienced by an addicted individual who stops using the addictive substance is?
  342. Anywhere in FL, whether on roadways, or public or private property is?
    Within the state
  343. A person who has information about some element of a crime or about evidence or documents related to a crime and who may have heard statements or observed events before, during or after a crime; a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and makes a sworn statement about that information is a?
  344. A court order to recover property that is in the wrongful possession of another is a?
    Writ of replevin
  345. A search pattern often used for an area that is large or outdoors in which the area is divided into four different sections and searched using an alternative search pattern is?
    Zone/ quadrant search pattern
Card Set
FL LEO Vocab
FDLE State Exam Prep vocab 2010 curriculum