1. acrylic
    a base in compounding polymer colors. Water soluble but dries to an insoluble film. Quick drying and flexible.
  2. analogous color
    two colors that are close to each other on the color wheel.
  3. arcade
    a line of arches placed side by side on piers or columns that may be freestanding or attached to a wall.
  4. arch
    a curved structure made of stone or brick that supports weight over an opening, such as a door or window.
  5. achromatic
    without color, consisting only of grays.
  6. avant-garde
    late 19th and 20th century artists who developed new concepts in their works which were not appreciated in their own time. They were ahead of their time.
  7. balance
    visual equilibrium in a composition; achieved by organizing the weight and attention of all elements in an artwork.
  8. barrel vault
    an arch extended in depth from front to back, forming a tunnel-like structure.
  9. black
    absorbs almost all light and reflects very little.
  10. capital
    upper most element on a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel.
  11. cartoon
    a ful-size prepatory drawing, sometimes colored from which an origional work such as a fresco or tapestry is copied.
  12. carving
    cutting away unwanted material from a large block of stone or wood, or synthetic products like styrofoam.
  13. ceramics
    pottery and objects made of clay, fired at high tempatures to harden and become stronger.
  14. chiaroscruo
    in a drawing, the use of various tones (black, white, and grey) to create the illusion of volume.
  15. coffer
    a recessed panel in a ceiling, vault, or dome.
  16. collage
    artwork created by securing pieces of paper, fabric, or other materials onto a substrate. though basically two-demensional, it may have a sculpural effect.
  17. color wheel
    a spectrum of colors placed in a circle including the three primary colors; red, yellow, blue, and the secondary colors; orange, green and purple. colors opposite each other on the color wheel are complimentary colors.
  18. complimentary colors
    colors which are directly opposite each other on the color wheel. red/green or blue/orange
  19. composition
    the arrangment of elements, shapes, and colors in a work of art.
  20. contrapposto
    a standing position in which the body weight rests on one leg, with the other leg posed forward, giving the human form an s-shaped curve.
  21. cracqleure
    the fine pattern of dense "cracking" formed on the surface of paintings, in particularly due to the aging of paints. Often used to determine the age of paintings and to detect art forgeries.
  22. curator
    manager or overseer; content specialist responsible for an institution's collections.
  23. dome
    a hemisphere used to cover an open interior space, made of an arch rotated 360 degrees on a vertical axis.
  24. edition
    the total number of copies printed from the same plates or blocks and published about the same time. artist okayed the replication.
  25. encaustic
    a paint medium in which pigments are mixed into heated beeswax.
  26. en plein air
    the act of painting outdoors.
  27. foreground
    the objects of figures situated in the front of a composition, intended to exist close to the viewer.
  28. fresco
    a painting made of plaster; water-based pigments are painted directly on a wet lime plaster ground and bind with the plaster when dry.
  29. gender
    a preformance of maculine and feminine which are culturally constructed.
  30. glazing
    protective interface between the environment and the work of art including glass and acrylic sheets.
  31. gouache
    an opaque water color paint, or a painting done with such a medium.
  32. greenware
    ceramics that are painted with glaze but not fired.
  33. highlight
    area of an object where the light effects are most intense.
  34. hue
    the pure state of color that the eye sees in the spectrum.
  35. iconography
    the study of visual images and symbols within their cultural and historical contexts.
  36. impasto
    paint that has been thickly applied to the ground.
  37. intermediate colors
    formed when a primary color is mixed with an adjacent secondary color.
  38. licked surface
    process of smoothing the surface quality of a painting so that the presence of the artist's hand is no longer visible.
  39. linseed oil
    used as a base for the pigment of oil paints
  40. lintel
    a horizontal member spanning an opening and usually carrying a weight from above.
  41. medium
    the specific tool and material used by an artist. a liquid that may be added to a paint to increase its manipulability without decreasing its adhesive binding or film-forming.
  42. non-figurative
    not representing any recognizable object from the modern world.
  43. oil paints
    artist's colors made by dispersing pigments in linseed oil or another vegetable drying oil and having the consistancy of a smooth paste.
  44. perspective
    a system of rendering the illusion of three-dementional depth on a flat, two-dimentional surface.
  45. picture plane
    the flat, two-dimentional surface of a drawing, a print, or a painting.
  46. primary colors
    red, yellow, and blue; no combination of other colors will yield a primary color; combinations of the primary colors yield all other colors.
  47. provenance
    a record of previous ownership and previous locations for a work of art.
  48. ROY G BIV
    acronym for the colors of the rainbow and what order they are in. red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.
  49. secondary colors
    colors that result when any two primary colors are mixed in a particular medium.
  50. shade
    the addition of black to a hue.
  51. slip
    liquid clay solution; acts as paint.
  52. split complement
    group of three colors selected from the color wheel, made up of one color plus the colors on each side of its compliment. compliment is the color directly opposite it on the color wheel.
  53. stipple
    painting technique; creation of a pattern simulating verying degrees of solidity or shading by using small dots.
  54. tempera
    painting with pigments mixed with size, casein, or egg yolk.
  55. tension
    a balance maintained in an artistic work between opposing forces or elements.
  56. tertiary colors
    colors that result fron the mixing of one primary color and a neighboring secondary color.
  57. tint
    addition of white to a hue.
  58. trompe l'oeil
    illusionistic painting that fools viewers into beliving that they are seeing actual three-dimensional objects instead of their representation.
  59. underpainting
    an initial layer of paint applied to a ground, which serves as a base for subsequent layers of paint. underpaintings are often monocromatic and help to define color values for later paintings.
  60. impressionism
    a painting style that attempts to capture subtle light qualities with small strokes of strong color.
  61. cubism
    an art movement that represents multiple viewpionts or facets on a two-dimentional picture plane.
  62. dada
    an art movement characterized by works with fantastic or in congruous imagery.
  63. pop art
    an art movement in the mid-20th century that used popular commercial items as subject matter.
  64. abstract expressionism
    an art movement that emphasized spontaneous artistic self-expression, non-representational imagery.
  65. abstract
    any art in which the depiction of real objects has been subordinated or discarded in favor of patterns, lines, and colors.
  66. conceptual art
    artwork whose primary purpose is to convey an idea or a concept in any medium. printed text is ofter included.
  67. surrealism
    fantastic and dream like imagry drawn from the subconscious.
  68. der blauer reiter
    group of artists from Munich, Germany. this movement was fundamental to expressionism.
  69. pre-raphaelite brotherhood
    group of English painters, poets, and critics intended to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist who succeded Raphael and Michelango.
  70. fauve
    art movement in europe that focused on bright colors and patterns.
  71. pointillism/divisionism
    artists applied daubs of pure pigment to a ground to createan image. the paint daubs appear to blend when viewed from a distance.
  72. bauhaus
    a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
  73. arts and crafts movement
    a movement that advocated the truth to materials and traditional craftsmanship using simple forms.
  74. art deco
    an eclectic artistic and design style which has geometric forms predominatly plastic and glass, or pretaining to glass or plastic.
  75. art noveau
    an art movement that included art forms that were based on natural forms.
  76. academic art
    style of painting and sculpture produced inder the influence of European academies of universities.
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