What were the effects of the spice trade on the Europeans in the 1400's?
Italian merchants controlled most trade between Asia and Europe
Describe the trade route to the West Indies
Took a year to travel
Very dangerous (Robbers)
Spices were needed
Traveled in caravans
What were obstacles explorers had to face?
Poor navigational tools
Fear of the unknown
What were the accomplishments of the explorers?
Exchanged goods and ideas
improved ships and maps
What were the motives that dove Europeans to explore the world?
competition for empire and belief in superiority of own culture
Desire for spices
created more accurate mapsand sea charts
Determined their latitude at sea
combined square european sails anf arab triangular sails
rutter in the back center
Prince Henry (Henry the Navigator)
Mapped the Afrucan coast
Patron of Exploration
School to train explorers to sail
Explored the Southern Tip of Africa
Discovered the Cape of Good Hope
Vasco da Gama
Sailed through the Cape of Good Hope to India
Disease caused by the lack of Vitamin C
Clamied the SW US for spain
Born in Genoa Italy
Discovered the Americas
Thought it was India
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
clamied the Pacific ocean and adjoining lands for spain
Named the Pacific Ocean from Lt. Pacificus (Calm)
Found the Straight of Magellan
1st to sail around the World
Sail around the world
Exchange between america and other places
found fishing grounds off Newfoundland
found a northern route to NA
Explored the St. Lawerence River
Explored the Hudson River
Wrote "New World"
Believed americas were a new landmass and not part of asia
America's named after him
spanish conquerers of the Americas
Resistance from diseases
Conquered the Aztecs
Thought he was the sun god
Conquered the Incans
Clamied most of SA for Spain
Reasons for the spanish victory in SA
Better military technology
Division and discontent among the indians
Disease kill 80% of the natives
Many iandians believed the disasters they suffered marked the worlds end
who were the first 2 european groups to explore the world?
Portugual and Spain
What was the only influence of Portugual in SA? Who was the rest controlled by?
what do spain and portugual attepmt to do to help the church?
What were the 2 catholic nations?
Spain and Portugual
representatives who ruled in the kings name
large estates run by an owner or the owner's overseer
The right to demand labor or tribute form Native Americans in a particular area in return for spreading religion
Pirates who operated with the approval of the european government against spain france and england
Who claimed parts of the americas?
Name of the fist permanent french settlement and year founded?
First english settlement and year?
Which 2 european powers were rivals in the 1700's?
Britain and France
What war did france and britain start and where did it spread? years
Severn years war
India and Africa
What treaty ended the seven years war? year signed
Treaty of Paris
spread christianity to the native americans
income from taxes