1. what is an archipelago?
    a chain of islands
  2. What is the ring of fire?
    an area of volcanoes and earthquakes
  3. What geographical feature protected and isolated Japan?
    their seas
  4. What does it mean to say that Japan is a homogeneous society?
    everyone is the same culture; there are few foreingers
  5. What fraction of the land is livable?
    one fifth or 20%
  6. What does Nippon mean?
    land of the rising sun
  7. Samurai are:
    a warrior who fought for their honor
  8. What is feudalism?
    a system of government where lords ruled the land
  9. Who is the top of the feudalist structure?
  10. Who is second on the feudalist structure?
    the Shogun
  11. Who is third on the feudalist structure?
  12. Who is fourth on the feudalist structure?
  13. Who is fifth on the feudalist structure?
  14. Who is sixth on the feudalist structure?
    Peasants and artisans
  15. Who is last on the feudalist structure?
  16. What is a shogun?
    cheif general of the army
  17. What is a figurehead and who was the figurehead?
    someone who was revered and everyone looked up to but had no power; the emporer
  18. What is a daimyo?
    a powerful land owner who swore to the shogun
  19. What is Shinto?
    a religion in Japan that worships spirits and highly regards peace, cleansing
  20. How did Confucianism influence feudalism and the sociey of Japan?
    it teaches how to act around superior and inferior people
  21. Who was the head of the family in Japan?
    a man
  22. What is Bushido?
    the samurai code - The way of the warrior
  23. What was the diet?
    a two-house parliamentry legislature based off of the German system
  24. Who was the commodore of the American worships and what was his goal?
    Matthew Perry; to open Japan to trading
  25. Describe the Meiji regime and what is changed about Japan.
    After isolation, It eliminated fuedalism and made a strong central government along with modernizing and industrializing
  26. Who is Hideki Tojo?
    the military dictator
  27. During WWII, what side did Japan choose to allign with?
    Axis - Germany and Italy
  28. What happened on December 7th, 1941?
    Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
  29. What happened on August 6th, 1945?
    the bombing of Hiroshima
  30. What happened after August 6th, 1945?
    Japan refused to surrender, Nagasaki bombed, Japan surrenders, US occupies
  31. What happened to Japan after WWII?
    they were occupied by the US; army was disbanded; democracy was set up with a constitution; they focused on their economy
  32. Who is General Douglas MacArthur?
    American general appointed by Allies to occupy Japan
  33. How do the Japanese feel about education?
    They regard it highly
  34. What is the economic miracle in Japan?
    factories rebuilt with the lastest technology and they began to outproduce the US
  35. How did oil impact affect some industries that made them grow?
    high-tech industries and automobiles grew
  36. What were some reasons for Japan's economic success?
    improved on Western technology, government support, loyalty and hard work, employees and employers working as a team, respect for education producing a skilled work force, little defense spending, tariffs on imports
  37. What are Japan's challenges for the future?
    pollution, overcrowding and urbanization, labor shortage and low birthrate
  38. What is pacifism?
    opposition to the force under any circumstances
  39. What did the US want Japan to rearm during the cold war; what was the name of their new army?
    they wanted to protect them; the Self-Defesnse Force
  40. What kinds of barriers has Japan created to block foreign companies from selling their products in Japan?
    tariffs on imports
  41. What long-standing dispute does Japan have with Russia?
    land dispute over the Kurile Islands north of Hokkaido
  42. What are reparations and why did Southeast Asain nations disapprove of making them in goods?
    payments for damages; they thought Japan was trying to promote their goods more than pay for damages
  43. What is Kabuki Theater?
    form of drama that deals with love and revenge; uses spectacular makeup and costumes
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