BIOL 101 Midterm 2

  1. One of the key elements of the Cell theory is:
    Basically, cells are the basic units of life and living organisms are made up of one or more cells
  2. Some prokaryotic cells are "anaerobic" referring to their:
    They don't need oxygen to live
  3. Small cells tend to have:
    Increased membrane surface area
  4. The process of making proteins is:
    transcription & translation -- engineer & factory -- copy plans & send them off to be assemble
  5. Specialized, membrane bound structures within cells are known as:
  6. The endoplasmic reticulum is:
    the “cell highway” that performs transportation duties within a cell
  7. Every cell has the following three components:
    Cell Membrane, cytoplasm, genetic material
  8. One of the functions of a vacuole in a plant cell is to:
    store, support, and regulate water
  9. The universal form of energy in all living cells is:
  10. Moving hydrogen ions from one side of a membrane to the other:
    Proton pump
  11. The lifespan of a lipid bilayer in the membranes is generally:
    measured in hours
  12. The “Endosymbiosis Hypothesis” proposes that:
    Mutualistic relationship between different organisms and capable of independent reproduction
  13. The overall function of mitochondria is to:
    “Cell power plant” Used to generate most of the cells store of ATP -- also Break down fats and sugar to ATP.
  14. Which of the following are examples of kinetic energy?:
    Wind, flowing stream, electricity, heat
  15. The First Law of Thermodynamics tells us that:
    whatever energy you put into a system is energy you will get out
  16. As “energy organelles” plant cells have:
  17. The first orgasms on Earth occurred about:
    3.8 billion years ago
  18. Autotrophic organisms get their energy from:
  19. The early atmosphere of the Earth had:
    Hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water vapors, but NO oxygen
  20. “Family” is a level in the Linnaean classification hierarchy between:
    Order and Genus
  21. When tectonic plates tipped, they influenced evolution by:
    Changing the environment with the movement of continents, coastlines varied, sea levels changed
  22. The multicellular kingdoms differ in their:
    cells (prokaryotic/eukaryotic) - how they eat - plants: photosynthesis, fungi: absorbtion, animals: ingestion Modes of Nutrition
  23. Scientific names are used instead of common names because:
    Universal and more efficient
  24. Linnaeus named a plant “Siegesbeckia” in order to:
    Spite the guy that the plant is named after
  25. In which Kingdom do we classify viruses?
  26. Viruses are composed of:
    capsid & genetic material.
  27. are viruses that attack bacteria.
  28. HIV infection attacks the:
    T4 lymphocytes (immune system cells); basically attacks the whole immune system
  29. Which of the following is true of viruses outside the host cell?
    viruses exist as a protein coat or capsid, sometimes enclosed within a membrane. The capsid encloses either DNA or RNA which codes for the virus elements. While in this form outside the cell, the virus is metabollically inert --- someone double check this!
  30. Which of the following human diseases is not caused by viruses?
  31. HIV stands for:
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  32. The Spanish Flu:
    influenza pandemic that spread widely across the world.-- also known as H1N1. 20-50 million deaths worldwide.
  33. A problem associated with the development of a vaccine against the Bird Flu virus:
    The virus is constantly mutating, vaccines are developed from chickens, eggs, and embryos and the virus is killing them all
  34. In the movie, what epidemic did Dr. John Snow prevent in 1854 in London?
  35. The Bird Flu is caused by what strain of virus?
  36. Why were young children the first casualties of the Bird Flu in Thailand?
    The task of plucking the feathers off chickens is usually the job of children.
  37. Where did the Bird Flu come from?
    Southeast Asia
  38. What percentage of the people who catch the Bird Flu die from it?
  39. Which of the following might be effective in preventing the Bird Flu from becoming a pandemic?
    Global surveillance, response teams, developing a vaccine.
  40. New DNA data will probably be most important in showing evolutionary relationships in kingdom:
  41. The two kingdoms that are most different are:
    Monera vs. Protista
  42. Azolla and its associated cyanobacterium are:
    Symbiotic and helpful to the growth of other plants
  43. An example of why the two kingdom system of classification was not workable is:
    Didn’t describe the MANY differences and variations of species efficiently
  44. The reason the Kingdom Protista is difficult to characterize is:
    Has a very wide and complex variety of species
  45. Members of Phylum Sarcomastigophora feed by:
    Pseudopods and cilia
  46. Characteristics of Phylum Myxomycota include:
    Fungus-like i have a feeling this will be one of those “Which of the following is NOT one of …”
  47. Diatoms often look like:
    light bulbs
  48. The evolutionary process of “cephalization” is the development of:
    being able to eat and excrete at the same time
  49. The stiffness of a sponge is due in part to:
    Spicules in endoskeleton
  50. Organ systems are found in all animal phyla except:
  51. Oxygen and carbon dioxide are distributed in flatworms by:
    Diffusion through body
  52. Which of the following phylum are characterized by having stinging cells?
  53. Which of the following is radially symmetrical?
    Cnideria and adult Echinodermata
  54. The animal phylum with the most species is:
    Anthropoda -- Correct. They have 10 million species yay! :D lol
  55. A key evolutionary development in phylum Nematoda was:
    Having a separate anus and mouth
  56. Cell wall of fungi is composed of:
  57. The mode of nutrition in fungi is:
  58. The reason why one fungal Phylum is called Imperfect Fungi is because:
    Sexual reproduction unknown
  59. An infection by mycorrhizae:
    is a fungus root
  60. Modern terrestrial plants probably evolved from which algae?
    Chlorophyta (green algae)
  61. Sexual reproduction in ferns and bryophytes requires ____.
  62. The most successful plant Phylum based on the number of species is:
    Flowering plants aka Diverse Anthophyta
  63. Fruits are produced by flowering plants to promote:
    pollination Also dispersion right? (animals)
  64. According to the movie, the human population originated in _____.
  65. ______ Was/were used to determine the lineage of the human race.
    Blood and DNA
  66. The first humans to leave Africa migrated to:
  67. Why did the early humans migrate from their original homeland?
  68. Which of the following are not "closely" related to the others?
  69. How long ago did humans first leave their place of origin?
    50,000 years ago
  70. How did humans migrate from Siberia to North America?
    Land Bridges?
Card Set
BIOL 101 Midterm 2
midterm 2