ENG 405 Linguistics 2

  1. Morphological processes
    complex words and meanings are not stored in a mental dictionary, but as parts assembled together to create complex meanings through hierarchical structure
  2. Stem changing morphology
    • stem changes with or without an affix
    • break - broke - broken
    • tell - told - told
  3. Templatic patterns
    • pattern of consonents filled with vowels to change meaning
    • ktb to katab (he wrote) katib (writer) kitaab (book) kutub (books)
  4. Reduplication
    • doubling a morpheme or part of it to make a new word
    • rumah (house) to rumahrumah (houses)
  5. Open lexical categories
    Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs
  6. Closed lexical categories
    determiners, prepositions, auxiliary verbs, pronouns and conjunctions
  7. Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.
    Has no meaning, but makes some sense because it is grammatical.
  8. Phrase boundaries
  9. Recursion
    • a defining feature of human language
    • Nation-
    • -al makes it an adjectiv
    • -ize makes it a verb
    • -ation makes it a noun again
    • Sentences - phrases can be added on.. this is the cat that
  10. Structure independent vs dependent rule
    • independent - move the first auxiliary verb to fron of sentence
    • dependent - identify subject and agreeing auxiliary, move auxiliary to front of sentence
  11. Language acquisition dependent
    children automatically picked up on dependent rule, intuitively know what auxiliary verb to move
  12. Syntactic constituents
    • NPs, VPs, PPs, etc
    • can stand alone
    • be replaced by a pronoun
    • move as a unit
Card Set
ENG 405 Linguistics 2
Linguistics midterm cardset 2