ch 61 tx for alcohol

  1. the overall objective of tx is to help the person achieve and maintain total ________
  2. why can an alcohol-dependent person not drink small amounts of alcohol?
    they will resume dependency (so dont have them swish with listerine!)
  3. waht does the tx for alcoholism include? ______ and ________ therapy with self-help
    • medical
    • psychiatric
  4. during tx for alcoholism, pts are encouraged not to take other ______ drugs like minor tranquilizers and ______
    • psychoactive
    • caffeine
  5. ______ applies to the management of acute intoxication and the withdrawal syndrome
  6. t/f alcohol dependency may be revealed after hospital and admittance for other causes
  7. what are the four factors involved in tx for alcoholism?
    • early intervention
    • detoxification
    • pharmacotherapy
    • rehabilitation
  8. what are relief from acute withdrawal signs?
    • tranquelizers may be prescribed for short term use
    • vitamins-thiamine
  9. meds used in alcoholism tx:
    • alcohol sensitizing agents
    • anticraving agents
    • amethystic agents
    • medss for psychiatric disorders (depression/anxiety)
  10. what do alcohol sensitizing agents do?
    cause aversive reactions in combination with alcohol
  11. what do anticraving agents do?
    decrease desire for and consumption of alcohol
  12. amethystic agents do what?
    reverse the acute intoxicating and depressant effects of alcohol
  13. what alcohol sensitizing agent inteferes with the metabolism of alcohol by acting on the enzyme that converts acetaldehyde to acetone in the liver?
  14. what is the effect of disulfiram (antabuse)?
    acetaldehyde accumulates in the tissues
  15. what if alcohol and disufiram are taken at the same time?
    nausea, vomiting, and hypotension
  16. what is an anticraving agent of alcohol?
    naltrexone (ReVia)
  17. naltrexone interferes with neurotransmitter systems that affect _____ ______
    pleasurable effects
  18. the effect of taking alcohol with an opiate antagonist (naltrexone)=
    no feelings of euphoria
  19. an increased frequency of ________, psychoneurosis, ______, and manic-depressive diseases are recognized among alcohol-dependent ppl
    • schizophrenia
    • sociopathy
Card Set
ch 61 tx for alcohol
ch 61 crapalappy