Medical Term

  1. Aden/o
  2. Bacteri/o
  3. Blast/o
    germ or bud, developing cell
  4. Erythr/o
  5. Hem/o, Hemat/o
    exempt or immunity
  6. Leuk/o
  7. Lymph/o
    Clear water or fluid
  8. Path/o
  9. Splen/o
  10. Thromb/o
  11. Thym/o
    Wartlike, thymus gland
  12. Tox/o
  13. Blood
    • A tissue that is part of the cardiovascular system
    • Closely associated with the lympathic system.
    • Normally found only within the heart and blood vessels of the cardiovascualar system.
    • Transportating red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma is its primary function.
  14. The primary function of blood is the _______ of substances throughout the body.
  15. Hematology
    The general field of medicine focusing on blood-related disease.
  16. Hematologist/Hematopathologist
    A physician specializing in the treatment of dieases associated with blood.
  17. The lympathic system has dual functions: the filtering and recycling of fluid to the bloodstream and the battle against ____________.
  18. Immunology/ Infectious Disease
    The field of medicine that treats this form of disease.
  19. Immunology
    Refers to the boy's ability to defend against infection and includes a variety of mechanisms.
  20. Virology
    Study of viruses
  21. Bacteriology
    Study of bacteria
  22. Toxicology
    Study of toxins
  23. Although some ____________ have been able to develop resistance to antibiotic therapy remains our most effective weapon against bacterial infections.
  24. An-
    without or absence of
  25. Iso-
  26. Macro-
  27. Poly-
  28. bacteri/o
  29. Cyt/o
  30. Erythor/o
  31. Hem/o
  32. Leuk/o
  33. Poikil/o
  34. Splen/o
  35. Thromb/o
  36. Tox/o
  37. -emia
    Condition of blood
  38. -ia
    Condition of
  39. -lysis
    Loosen or dissolve
  40. -megaly
    Abnormally large
  41. -osis
    condition of
  42. -penia
    Abnormal reduction in numberor deficiency
  43. -rrhage
    Profuse bleeding, hemorrhage
  44. Anisocytosis
    • Condition of without equal cells.
    • The presence of red blood cells of unequal size in a sample of blood is an abnormal finding.
  45. Bacteremia
    • Condition of bacteria in the blood
    • The presence of bacteria in a sample of blood is a sign of infection.
  46. Erythropenia
    Used to describe an abnormally reduced number of red blood cells in a sample of blood.
  47. Hemolysis
    • The rupture of the red blood cell membrane.
    • Literally "dissolve blood."
  48. Hemorrhage
    The abnormal loss of blood from the circulation is a sign of trauma or illness.
  49. Leukopenia
    An abnormally reduced number of white blood cells in a sample of blood is a sign of disease.
  50. Macrocytosis
    The presence of abnormally large red blood cells in a sample of blood is sign of disease.
  51. Poikilocytosis
    The presence of tear-shaped red blood cells in a sample of blood.
  52. Polycythemia/Erythocyotsis
    • An abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood.
    • "Condition of red cell"
  53. Splenomegaly
    • Abnormal enlargement of the spleen is a symptom of injury or infection.
    • "Abnormally large spleen"
  54. Thrombonpenia
    An abnormally reduced number of platelets in a sample of blood is a symptom of disease.
  55. Toxemia
    The presence of toxins in the bloodstream
  56. Ana-
    Up or toward
  57. An-
    without or absence of
  58. Mono-
  59. Aden/o
  60. Aut/o
  61. Fung/o
  62. Globin/o
  63. Hem/o; hemat/o
  64. Hydr/o
  65. Iatr/o
  66. Idi/o
  67. Immun/o
    Exempt or immunity
  68. Leuk/o
  69. Lymph/o
    Clear water or fluid
  70. Necr/o
  71. Nosocom/o
  72. Nucle/o
    Kernel or nucleus
  73. Path/o
  74. Sept/o
    putrefying; wall or partition
  75. Staphylococc/o
  76. Streptococc/o
  77. Thym/o
    Wartlike, thymus gland
  78. -emia
    Condition of blood
  79. -genic
    Pertaining to producing
  80. -ial, -ic, -ism
    pertaining to
  81. -itis
  82. -oma
  83. -osis
  84. -pathy
  85. -philia
    loving or affinity for
  86. -phobia
  87. -rrhagic
    pertaining to profuse bleeding
  88. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
    Devastating disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which disables the immune response by destroying important what blood cells known as helper T cells.
  89. Allergy
    The body's immune respone to allergens, which are foreign substances that produce a reaction including immediate inflammation.
  90. Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)
    Affects the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and throat.
  91. Allergic Dermatitis
    Affects the skin where it has been in physical contact with the allergen.
  92. Anaphylaxis
    An immediate reaction to a foreign substance that includes rapid inflammation, vasodilation, bronchospasms, and spasms of the GI tract.
  93. Anemia
    The reduced ability of red blood cells to deliver oxygen to issues. It may be the result of a reduced number of normal circulating red blood cells or a reduction in the amount of the oxygen-binding protein in red blood cells called hemoglobin.
  94. Aplastic Anemia
    The red bone marrow fails to produce sufficient numbers of normal blood cells.
  95. Iron Deficiency Anemia
    Caused by a lack of available iron, resulting in the body's inability to make adequate amounts of hemoglobin.
  96. Sickle Cell Anemia
    The hemoglobin is defective within cells, resulting in misshaped red blood cells that cause obstructions in blood vessels
  97. Pernicious Anemia
    Caused by inadequate supply of folic acid usually obtained from a healthy diet.
  98. Anthrax
    A bacterial disease that has been threatened to be used in bioterrorism, which is the application of disease-causing microorganisms (pathogens) to cause harm to a population.
  99. Autoimmune Disease
    A disease that is caused by a person's own immune response attacking otherwise healthy tissues.
  100. Botulism
    • Lethal form of food-borne illness.
    • Caused by the ingestion of food contaminatd with the neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
    • Usually occurs when canned food is not prepared properly and is often fatal due to the extrem toxi nature of the botulism neurotoxin.
  101. Communicable Disease (Contagious Disease)
    • A disease that is capable of transmission from one person to another.
    • It may be transmitted by direct contact with an infected peron, indirectly by way of contact with infected body fluids or other materials.
  102. Diphtheria
    An infectious disease resulting in actue inflammation of the mucous membranes, primarily in the mouth and throat.
  103. Dyscrasia
    • "Difficult temperament"
    • Any abnormal condition of the blood.
  104. Edema
    • The leakage of fluid from the bloodstream into the interstitial space between body cells cause swelling and is one aspect of inflammation.
    • Swelling
  105. Fungemia
    A fungal infection that spreads throughout the body by way of the bloodstream.
  106. Gas Gangrene
    Infection of a wound may be caused by various anaerobic bacteria, which casue additional damage to local tissues when blood flow is reduced due to some reason, including frostbite or diabetes.
  107. Hematoma
    • A mass of blood outside blood vessels and confined within an organ or space within the body, usually in a clotted form.
    • Commonly known as a bruise or contusion.
  108. Hemoglobinpathy
    • A general term for a disease that affects hemoglobin within red blood cells.
    • Sickle cell is a form of this
  109. Hemophilia
    An inherited bleeding disorder that results from defective or missing blood-clotting proteins that are necessary componenets in the coagulation process.
  110. Hemorrhagic Fever
    • An infectious disease that causes internal bleeding, or internal hemorrhage, and high fevers.
    • The disease is often caused by viruses, such as Ebola, and exhibits a high rate of mortality.
  111. Hodgkin's Disease (Hodgkin's Lymphoma)
    A malignant form of cancer of lymphatic tissue that is characterized by the progressive enlargement of lymph nodes, fatigue, and deficiency of the immune response.
  112. Iatrogenic Disease
    A condition that is caused by a medical treatment
  113. Idiopathic Disease
    A disease that develops without a known or apparent cause.
  114. Immunodeficiency
    • A condition resulting from a defective immune response.
    • It occurs when there are insufficient numbers of funcitonal white blood cells, especially lymphocytes, available to defend the body from sources of infection.
  115. Immunocompromised
    A term used to describe a patient suffering from an immunodeficiency.
  116. Immunosuppression
    A reduction of an immune repsone may be caused by disease or by the use of chemical, pharmacological, or immunologic agents.
  117. Incompatability
    • The combination of two blood types that result in the destruction of red blood cells.
    • It may occur during a blood transfusion causing severe consequences, including the possiblity of death if the donor blood antibodies attck the recipient's red blood cells.
  118. Infection
    A multiplication of disease causing microorganism, or pathogens, in the body.
  119. Inflammation
    The physiological process that serves as the body's initial response to injury and many forms of illness involves the swelling of body tissue.
  120. Influenza
    • A viral disease characterized by fever and an acute inflammation of respiratory mucous membranes.
    • Highly contagious, and the virus is capable of mutating to escape detection by white blood cells.
  121. Leukemia
    • A form of cancer that literally means "condition of white blood cells."
    • Originates from cells within the blood forming tissue of the red marrow.
  122. Lymphadenitis
    Inflammation of the lymph nodes
  123. Lymphoma
    A malignant tumor originating in lymphatic tissue.
  124. Malaria
    A disease caused by a parasitic protozoan that infects red blood cells and the liver during different parts of it life cycle.
  125. Mononucleosis
    A viral disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and spleen, atypical lymphocytes, throat pain, pharyngitis, fever, and fatigue.
  126. Necrosis
    The death of one or more cells or a portion of a tissue or organ.
  127. Nosocomial Infection
    An infectious disease that is contracted during a hospital stay.
  128. Plague
    Any infectious disease that is widespread and causes extensive mortality
  129. Rabies (Hydrophobia)
    • A viral infection that is spread from the saliva of an infected animal, usually by way of a bite.
    • "Fear of water" and refers to the panic of infected animals unable to drink water due to the progressive paralysis.
  130. Septicemia (Sepsis)
    A systemwide disease caused by the presence of bacteria and their toxins in the circulating blood.
  131. Septic
    A person suffering from septicemia
  132. Smallpox
    A viral disease caused by the variola virus taht was the scourge of the human population prior to its readication in 1975.
  133. Staphylococcemia
    The presence of the bacterium Staphylococcus in the blood.
  134. Staph Infection
    An infection caused by Staphylococcus.
  135. Streptococcemia
    The presence of the bacterium Streptococcus in the blood.
  136. Strep Infection
    An infection caused by Streptococcus.
  137. Tetanus
    • A disease caused by a powerful neurotoxin released by the common bacterium Clostridium Tetani.
    • "Convulsive tension"
    • The toxin acts on the central nervous system to cause convulsions and spastic paralysis.
  138. Thymoma
    A tumor orginating in the thymus gland.
  139. Anti
    against or opposite of
  140. Pro-
  141. Aden/o
  142. Aut/o
  143. bi/o
  144. globin/o
  145. hem/o, hemat/o
  146. hom/o
  147. Immun/o
    exempt or immunity
  148. Lymph/o
    Clear water or fluid
  149. Thromb/o
  150. -crit
    to separate
  151. -ectomy
    surgical excision or removal
  152. -ic
    pertaining to
  153. -logous
    pertaining to study
  154. -logy
  155. -lysis
    loosen or dissolve
  156. -stasis
    standing still
  157. -therapy
  158. -tic
    pertaining to
  159. -phylaxis
  160. Antibiotic Therapy
    A therapeutic treatment involving the use of a substance with known toxicity to bacteria.
  161. Anticoagulant
    A chemical agent that delays or prevents the clotting process in blood.
  162. Warfarin (Coumadin)
    Most common anticoagulant
  163. Antiretroviral Therapy
    A pharmacological therapy that is useful in battling a class of viruses that tend to mutate quickly, called retroviruses.
  164. Attenuation
    The process in which pathogens are rendered less virulent, or infectious, prior to their incorporation into vaccine preparation.
  165. Autologous Transfusion
    • A transfusion of blood donated by a patient for their personal use.
    • A common procedure before a surgery to avoid potential incompatibility or contamination of blood.
  166. Blood Chemistry
    A test or series of tests on a sample of plasma to measure the levels of its composition, includin glucose, albumin, triglycerides, pH, cholesterol, and electrolytes.
  167. Blood Culture
    • A clinical test to determine infection in the blood.
    • Performed by placing a sample of blood in a nutrient-rich liquid medium in an effort to grow populations of bacteria for analysis.
  168. Blood Transfusions
    The introduction of blood, blood products, or a blood subsitute into a patient's circulation to restore blood volume to nomral lelvels.
  169. Two Main Types of Blood Transfusions
    • Autologous Transfusion
    • Homologous Transfusion
  170. Coagulation Time
    A timed blood test to determine the time required for a blood clot to form.
  171. Prothrombin Time (PT)
    A form of a coagulation time, which measures the time required for prothrombin, a precursor protein, to form thrombin.
  172. Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)
    Another type of coagulation time, which is used to evaluate clotting ability.
  173. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
    • A common lab test that evaluates a sample of blood to provide diagnositic information about a patient's general health.
    • Includes several more specific test, including hematocrit, hemoglobin, red blood count, white blood count, and sometimes a platelet count (PLT)
  174. Differential Count
    A microscopic count of the number of each type of white blood cell in a sample of blood.
  175. Hematocrit (HCT or Hct)
    • A procedure included in a CBC that measures the precentage of red blood cells in a volume of blood.
    • Is obtained by centrifuging a sample of blood to separate the cells from plasma in the centrifuge tube.
  176. Hematology
    The general field of medicine focusing on blood-related disease.
  177. Hemoglobin (HGB or Hbg)
    A procedure included in a CBC that measures the level of hemoglobin in red blood cells (in grams).
  178. Hemostasis
    • The stoppage of bleeding is a physiological process.
    • "Standing still blood"
  179. Homologous Transfusion
    Transfusion of blood that is voluntarily donated by another person.
  180. Immunization
    A treatment that establishes immunity against a particular foreign substance that may otherwise cause disease.
  181. Immunology
    The study concerned with immunity and allergy
  182. Immunotherapy
    The treatment of infectious disease by the administration of pharmacological agents, such as serum, gamma globulin, treated antibodies, and suppressive drugs.
  183. Lymphadenectomy
    The surgical removal of one or more lymph nodes.
  184. Platelet Count
    A lab procedure that calculates the number of platelets in a known volume of blood.
  185. Prophylaxis
    Any treatment that tends to prevent the onset of an infection or other type of disease.
  186. Red Blood Count (RBC)
    A lab test included in a CBC that measure the number of red blood cells within a given volume of blood.
  187. Splenectomy
    The surgical removal of the spleen is often necessery if it has ruptured, which may occur during a physical injury to the left side of the trunk.
  188. Thrombolysis
    A treatment that is performed to dissolve an unwanted blood clot.
  189. Thrombsis
    Blood clot
  190. Vaccination
    The inoculation of a foreign substance that has reduced virulence, or a reduced ability to cause infection, as a means of providing a cure or prophylaxis.
  191. Vaccine
    A preparation that is used to activate an immune response to provide acquired immunity against an infectious agent.
  192. AIDS
    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  193. CBC
    Complete blood count
  194. HCT, Hct
  195. HGB, Hgb
  196. HIV
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  197. PLT
    Platelet count
  198. PT
    Prothrombin time
  199. PTT
    Partial thromboplastin time
  200. RBC
    Red blood cell or red blood count
  201. WBC
    White blood cell or white blood count
  202. Angi/o
    Blood vessel
  203. Aort/o
  204. Arter/o, arteri/o
  205. Atri/o
  206. Cardi/o
  207. Coron/o
    Crown or circle, heart
  208. My/o, Myos/o
  209. Pector/o
  210. Valvul/o
    Little valve
  211. Vas/o
    Blood vessel
  212. Vascul/o
    little blood vessel
  213. Ven/o
  214. Ventricul/o
    Little belly, ventricle
  215. A-
    Without or absence of
  216. Dys-
    Bad, abnormal, painful, or difficult
  217. Brady-
  218. Tachy-
  219. Angi/o
    Blood vessel
  220. Cardi/o
  221. Cyan/o
  222. Pect/o, Pector/o
  223. Rhythm/o, Rrhythm/o
  224. Sten/o
  225. -a
  226. -algia, -dynia
    condition of pain
  227. -genic
    pertaing to producing, formation
  228. -ia
    condition of
  229. -osis
    condition of
  230. -plegia
  231. -sis
    state of
  232. -spasm
    sudden involuntary muscle contraction
  233. Angina Pectoris
    The primary symptom of an insufficient of oxygen to the heart.
  234. Angiospasm
    Blood vessel disorders may include abnormal muscular contractions, or spasms, of the smooth muscles forming the vessel walls.
  235. Angiostenosis
    Narrowing of a blood vessel is a sign of cardiovascular disease, causing a reduction of blood flow to the part of the body at the receiving end of the narrowed vessel.
  236. Arrhythmia
    • Loss of the normal rhythm of the heart.
    • "Condition of without rhythm"
  237. Bradycardia
    An abnormally slow heart rate.
  238. Cardiodynia (Cardialgia)
    Symptom of pain associated with the heart.
  239. Cardiogenic
    A symptom or sign that originates from a condition of the heart.
  240. Cardioplegia
    A sign in which the heart has become paralyzed.
  241. Cyanosis
    • A symptom in which a blue tine is seen in the skin and mucous membranes.
    • Caused by oxygen deficiency in tissues and is a common sign of respiratory failure often caused by cardiovascular disease.
  242. Palpitation
    A symptom of pounding, racing, or skipping of the heartbeat.
  243. Tachycardia
    • Rapid heart beat.
    • Exceeds 100 beats per minute at rest.
  244. Aneurysm
    An abnormal bulging of an arterial wall.
  245. Angiocarditis
    Inflammation of the heart and blood vessels
  246. Angioma
    A tumor arising from a blood vessel.
  247. Hemangioma
    A benign clump of endothelium forming a mass.
  248. Aortic Insufficiency (AI)
    The aortic valve is the semilunar valve located at the base of the aorta, which normally prevents blood from returning to the left ventricle. If it fails to close completely during ventricular diastole, blood may return to the left ventricular, causing the left ventricular to work harder.
  249. Congestive Heart Failure
    A chronic condition of the heart, caused by AI
  250. Aortic Stenosis
    A narrowing of the aorata that reduces the flow of blood through this large vessel, which causes the left ventricle to work harder than normal.
  251. Aortitis
    Inflammtion of the aorta
  252. Arteriopathy
    A general term for a disease of an artery
  253. Arteriosclerosis
    When an artery wall becomes thickened and loses it elasticity, resulting in a reduced flow of blood tissues.
  254. Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease (ASHD)
    A condition where the coronary arteries supplying the heart are damaged by arteriosclerosis.
  255. Atherosclerosis
    A term defining a specific form of arteriosclerosis, in which one or more fatty plaques form along the inner walls of arteries.
  256. Atrial Septal Defect
    A congenital condition characterized by a failure of the foramen ovale to close a birth, producing an opening in the septum that separates the right and left atria.
  257. Atriomegaly
    • The atria have become abnormally enlarged or dilated, reducing their ability to push blood into the ventricles.
    • It is a form of cardiomegaly
  258. Atrioventricular Block (AV Block)
    An injury to the atrioventricular node (AV node), which normally recieves impluses from the sinoatrial node (SA node) and transmits them to the ventricles to stimulate ventricular systole.
  259. Cardiac Arrest
    The cessation of heart activity
  260. Cardiac Tamponade
    • Acute compression of the heart due to the accumulation of fluid within the pericardial cavity.
    • A complication of an inflammatory disease of the pericardium known as pericarditis.
  261. Cardiomegaly
    • The abnomral enlargement of the hear.
    • Occurs when the heart must work harder than normal to meet the oxygen demands of body cells.
  262. Cardiomyopathy
    A general term for a disease of the myocardium of the heart.
  263. Cardiovalvulitis
    An inflammation of the valves of the heart.
  264. Heart Murmur
    A gurgling sound in the heart detected during auscultation.
  265. Coarctation
    A congenital defect characterized by aortic stenosis that is present at birth.
  266. Coarctation of the Aorta
    Causes reduced systemic circulation of blood and accumulation of fluid in the lungs and requires surgical repair.
  267. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
    • A chronic form of heart disease characterized by the failure of the left ventricle to pump enough blood to supply systemic tissues and longs.
    • a.k.a left ventricular failure
  268. Cor Pulmonale (Right Ventricular Failure)
    A chronic enlargement of the right ventricle resulting from congestion of the pulmonary circulation.
  269. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
    A general term for a disease that afflicts the coronary arteries supplying the heart.
  270. Coronary Occlusion
    A blockage within a coronary artery, resulting in a reduced blood flow to an area of the heart muscle.
  271. Embolism
    A blockage or occulsion that forms when a blood clot or other foreign moves through the circulation.
  272. Endocarditis
    • Inflammation of the endocardium, the thin membrane lining the inside walls of the heart chambers.
    • It is an acute disease.
  273. Fibrillation
    A condition of uncoordinated, rapid contractions of the muscle forming the ventricles or atia.
  274. Atrial Fibrillation
    leads to a reduction of blood expelled from the atria and is usually not fatal.
  275. Ventricular Fibrillation
    results in circulatory collapse due to the failure of the ventricles to expel blood.
  276. Heart Block
    • A block or delay of the normal electricl conduction of the heart.
    • It is often the result of a myocardial infarction that damages the SA node or AV node.
  277. Hemorrhoids
    The presence of dilated, or varicose, veins in the anal region. It produces symptoms of local pain and itching.
  278. Hypertension
    Persistently high blood pressure
  279. Essential Hypertension
    The condition is not traceable to a single cause.
  280. Secondary Hypertension
    In which the high blood pressure is caused by the effect of another disease, such as atherosclerosis.
  281. Hypotension
    A condition of abnormally low blood pressure.
  282. Ischemia
    An abnormally low flow of blood to tissues
  283. Myocardial Infarction (MI)
    • Death of a portion of the myocardium.
    • Common name for a heart attack
  284. Myocarditis
    • Inflammation of the myocardium of the heart.
    • Often caused by bacterial infection, it is a form of cardiomyopathy.
  285. Patent Ductus Arteriosus
    • A congenital condition characterized by an opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta at birth due to a failure of the fetal vessel.
    • Permits the flow of blood from the pulmonary artery to the aorta, which bypasses the pulmonary circulation.
  286. Pericarditis
    Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart.
  287. Phlebitis
    • Inflammation of a vein.
    • Related to thrombophlebitis.
  288. Thrombophlebitis
    The inflammation of the vein includes an obstruction by a blood clot.
  289. Polyarteritis
    Simultaneous inflammation of many arteries
  290. Septicemia
    A bacterial infection of the bloodstreem.
  291. Tetralogy of Fallot
    A severe congenital disease in which four defects associated with the heart are present at birth.
  292. The Four Defects of Tetralogy of Fallot
    • Pulmonary Stenosis (narrowing of the pulmonary artery)
    • Ventricular Septal Defect
    • Incorrect position of the aorta
    • Right ventricular hypertrophy
  293. Thrombosis
    The presence of stationary blood clots within one or more blood vessels.
  294. Varicosis
    An abnormallly dilated vein.
  295. Ventricular Septal Defect
    A congenital disease in which an opening in the septum separating the right and left ventricles is present at birth.
  296. Endo-
  297. Aort/o
  298. Angi/o
    Blood vessel
  299. Arter/o, Arteri/o
  300. Cardi/o
  301. Coron/o
    Crown or circle, heart
  302. Ech/o
  303. Electr/o
  304. Embol/o
  305. Man/o
  306. Phleb/o
  307. Pulmon/o
  308. Son/o
  309. Sphygm/o
  310. Thromb/o
  311. Valvul/o
    Little valve
  312. -ac, -ary
    Pertaining to
  313. -ectomy
    surgical excision or removal
  314. -gram
    a record or image
  315. -graphy
    recording process
  316. -lytic
    pertaining to loosen or dissolve
  317. -meter
  318. -metry
    process of measuring
  319. -plasty
    surgical repair
  320. -rrhaphy
  321. -scopy
    process of viewing
  322. -stomy
    surgical creation of an opening
  323. -tomy
    incision or to cut
  324. Angiography
    A diagnostic procedure that includes X-ray photography, MRI, or CAT scan images of a blood vessel injection of a contrast medium.
  325. Angiogram
    The image resulting from an angiography
  326. Cardiac or Coronary Angiography
    When an angiography is focused on the heart.
  327. Angioplasty
    • The surgical repair of a blood vessel.
    • It includes procedures to reopen blocked vessels, such as ballon angioplasty and laser anigoplasty.
  328. Balloon Angioplasty
    When an inflatable balloon is inserted into a blocked vessel and inflated.
  329. Laser Angioplasty
    Which uses a laser beam to open a blocked artery.
  330. Angioscopy
    The use of a flexible fiber-optic instrument, or endoscope, to observe a diseased blood vessel and to assess any lesions is a procedure.
  331. Angiostomy
    The surgical procedure that involves the creation of an opening into a blood vessel, usually for the insertion of a catheter.
  332. Angiotomy
    The surgical incision into a blood vessel.
  333. Aortography
    A proceudre that obtains an X-ray image, MRI, or CAT scan image of the aorta.
  334. Arteriography
    A procedure that obtains an image of an artery.
  335. Arteriotomy
    An incision into an artery.
  336. Auscultation
    A part of a physical examination that involves listening to internal sounds using a stethoscope.
  337. Cardiac Catheterization
    Insertion of a narrow flexible tube, called a catheter, through a blood vessel leading into the heart.
  338. Cardiac Pacemaker
    A battery-powered device that is implanted under the skin and wired to the SA node in the heart. It produces timed electric pulses that replace the function of the SA node as a treatment for a heart block and certain other arrhythmias.
  339. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
    Artificial respiration that is used to restore breathing by applying a combination of chest compression and artificial ventilation at intervals.
  340. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
    A surgical procedure that involves removing a blood vessel from another part of the body and inserting it into the coronary circulation.
  341. Coronary Stent
    • An artificial, usually plastic, scaffold that is used to anchor a surgical implant, or graft.
    • May also be used to prevent closure of a coronary artery after angioplasty.
  342. Defibrillation
    An electrical charge to the chest wall to stop the heart conduction system momentarily, then restart it with a more normal heart rhythm.
  343. Doppler Sonography
    • An unltrasound procedure that evaluates blood flow in an effort to determine the cause of a localized reduction in circulation.
    • It is often performed on the heart to evaluate coronary circulation in a noninvasive manner and may also be used to monitor pulse rate from peripheral arteries.
  344. Echocardiography (Cardiac Ultrasonography)
    An ultrasound procedure that directs sound waves through the heart to observe heart structures in an effort to evaluate heart function.
  345. Electrocardiography
    Procedure where electrodes are pasted on the skin of the chest to detect and record the electrical events of the heart conduction system.
  346. Embolectomy
    The surgical removal of a floating blood clot, or embolus.
  347. Endarterectomy
    The removal of the inner lining of an artery to remove a fatty plaque.
  348. Holter Monitor
    A portable electrocardiograph may be worn by the patient to monitor electrical activity of the heart over 24-hour periods.
  349. Nitroglycerin
    A drug that is commonly used as an emergency vasodilator as a treatment for severe angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.
  350. Phlebectomy
    A procedure invovling the surgical removal of a vein.
  351. Phlebotomy
    A puncture into a vein to remove blood for sampling or donation.
  352. Phlebotomist
    A healthcare professional who performs a venipuncture.
  353. Positron Emission Tomography Scan (PET Scan)
    A noninvasive procedure that provides blood flow images using positron emission tomography techniques combined with radioactive isotope labeling may be used to produce images of the heart to reveal functional defects.
  354. Sphygmomanometry
    A common procedure taht measures arterial blood pressure.
  355. Sphygmomanometer
    A device which consists of an arm cuff and air pressure pump with a mercury pressure gauge.
  356. Thrombolytic Therapy
    Treatments to dissolve unwanted blood clots are often necessary after surgery to prevent the development of emboli. It is also performed soon after a myocardial infarction to minimize damage to the heart and is credite with saving many lives.
  357. Treadmill Stress Test
    If a heart condition is suspected, a cardiologist will often require the patient to undergo exercise during echocardiography or electrocardiography (or both) in an effort to examine heart function under stress.
  358. Valvuloplasty
    The surgical repair of a heart valve.
  359. ASHD
    Atherosclerotic heart disease
  360. ASD
    Atrial Septal defect
  361. AV
  362. CABG
    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  363. CAD
    Coronary artery disease
  364. CHF
    Congestive Heart Failure
  365. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  366. ECG, EKG
  367. MI
    Myocardial infarction
  368. PET
    positron emission tomography
Card Set
Medical Term
ch. 7&8