ch 61 keywords

  1. refrain from use; complete abstinence from alcohol is the objective of a recovering alcoholic
  2. substance abuse with respect to alcohol abuse involves persistent patterns of heavy alcohol intake associated with health consequences and/or impairment in social functioning
  3. facial skin condition usually characterized by a flushed appearance;often accompanied by puffiness and a "spider-web" effect of broken capillaries
    acne rosacea
  4. habitual psychologic and physiologic dependence on a substance or practice that is beyond voluntary control
  5. results from recent ingestion of excessive amounts of alcohol. it is characterized by behavioral changes that alter the usual behavior of the individual
    alcohol intoxication
  6. a chronic progressive behavioral disorder characterized by a strong urge to consume ethanol and the inability to limit the amount despite the adverse consequences
  7. impairement of long, and/or short-term memory
  8. difficulty in recalling new information
    anterograde amnesia
  9. difficulty in remembering old information
    retrograde amnesia
  10. loss of sensibility to pain without loss of consciousness
  11. brand name of the generic drug disulfiram; used for deter consumption of alcohol by persons being treated for alcohol dependency by induced vomiting
  12. temporary amnesia occurring during periods of intensive drinking; person is not unconscious
  13. extreme mental and usually motor excitement marked by a rapid succession of confused and unconnected ideas; often with illusions and hallucinations; may be accompanied by tremors
  14. DT's a serious acute condition associated with the last stages of alcohol withdrawal
    delirium tremors
  15. condition of deteriorated mentality characterized by a marked decline of intellectual functioning
  16. drug or substance dependence; with respect to alcohol refers to a physical and psychological dependence on alcohol that results in impaired ability to control drinking behavior; dependence is differentiated from abuse by manifestations of craving tolerance and physical dependence as well as inability to exercise restraint over drinking
  17. the interaction between a drug and the individual when there is a compulsion to take the drug to obtain its effects and or to avoid the discomforts of withdrawal
    chemical dependence
  18. addiction to at least three categories of psychoactive substances (not including nicotine or caffeine) but in which no single psychoactive substance predominates
    polysubstance dependence
  19. refers to the state of mind in which the individual believes the drug is required for maintaining well being
    psychologic dependence
  20. tx designed to assist in recovery from the toxic effects of a drug; involves withdrawal and may include pharmacologic and or nonpharmacologic tx with psychotherapy and counseling
  21. a chemical substance used for diagnosis, prevention, or tx of disease. drugs are classified by biochemical action, physiological effect, or organ system involved
  22. feeling of well-being, elation; without fear or worry
  23. a sensory impression (sight, sound, touch, smell, or taste) that has no basis in external stimulation; may have psychological causes or may result from the use of drugs (including alcohol), a brain tumor, senility, or exhaustion
  24. greatly increased temperature
  25. illegal; not authorized, not sanctioned by law
  26. abnormal smallness of the jaws especially of the mandible
  27. involuntary, rapid, rhythmic movements of the eyeballs
  28. examples include naltreoxne and nalaxone that have a high affinity for opiate receptors but do not activate them. these drugs block the effect of exogenously administered opioids (e.g. morphine, heroin, and methadone) or of endogenously released endorphins
    opiate antagonist
  29. a drug capable of modifying mental activity; used in the tx of mental illness
    psychotropic drug
  30. a person afflicted with the disease of alcoholism who is abstaining from the use of alcohol; recovering alcoholics prefer the term "recovering" to reformed, cured, or recovered because recovering implies an ongoing process
    recovering alcoholic
  31. the regular use of a drug for other than its accepted medical purpose or in dosages greater than that are considered appropriate
    substance abuse
  32. a collapse of the nasal bridge
    saddlenose deformity
  33. ability to endure without effect or injury. increased amount of the drug is needed to achieve the same effect
  34. the need for higher and higher dosages of a drug to achieve the same effect
    drug tolerance
  35. a group of signs and symptoms, both physiologic and psychologic, that occurs on abrupt discontinuation of a drug use
  36. withdrawal syndrome
Card Set
ch 61 keywords
comp pt ch 61 keywords