Juvenile Delinquency

  1. Purtumalistic Nuclear Family:
    Mom and Dad raise family but mother is primary nurture and dad is separated in order to provide and be the disciplinarian

    This is the new model caused damage in families because relationship of father
  2. Family Dynamics
    FOUR Main ones

    Effect of Broken Family

    Effect of Interpersonal conflict within family

    • Quality of family relationship
    • Effect of abuse and neglect
  3. Effect of Broken Family
    Research shows a clear correlation of broken homes (divorce) and criminality

    Resource attenuation
  4. Resource attenuation:
    two providers vs. 1…less attention supervision, economic limitation, and child can become neglected because one person is being stretched to do a two-person job.

    Children idealize their parents and blame themselves for the separation
  5. Effect of Family Conflict
    1957 self report study: the more family conflict reported the higher rate of criminality in the family

    Children who watch abuse or are abused themselves have an equal chance of becoming a delinquent

    Children learn to model behavior so if they see parents fighting it could teach them to become criminals (positive/negative reinforcement)
  6. Which is worse?? Divorce or conflict
    Conflict is worse
  7. Effects of child abuse
    Kempe Henry: the father of child abuse research

    Defined it as non-accidental physical injury (Battered child syndrome)

    Eventually emotional mental ect forms of abuse were added
  8. Child abuse definition:
    Any physical or emotional trauma for which no reasonable explanation can be found such as discipline. Different forms such as physical and sexual
  9. Sexual Abuse
    FOUR effects




    Traumatic sexualization

    Authorities do not usually know because these crimes happen in private
  10. Traumatic sexualization:
    damaged sexual identity and expression (become gay, victimized or become abusers in the future)
  11. Betrayal
    inability to trust and form close relationships
  12. Powerlessness:
    feelings of weakness
  13. Stigmatignation:
    feeling of being disgusting and filthy
  14. TWO legal systems that address child abuse
    • Criminal Law system
    • Dependence system

    When you have a criminal portion you will also have a dependence portion
  15. Criminal System
    Purpose is to punish them and detour others from doing the same thing
  16. Criminal System Charges
    Incest: Having intercourse with a family member that is whole or half blooded

    Rape: Without consent (vaginal intercourse @ Pitt)

    Assault: parent physically harms child
  17. Dependence system:
    Sole purpose is to take care protect and help the child being abused
  18. Dependence Child
    Child without a proper parental cares or control, subsistence education and required by law. (How Dependence system defines a child…allows court to get involved and remove child.
  19. If a child is found dependent..
    Can be sent home but order therapy supervision counseling

    Temporary removed (foster care) till parent gets it together

    Permanent removal of child: situation cant be fixed so take child away
  20. Reporting sexual assault
    Hotlines have been established which link to social services

    • Mandatory reporting laws:
    • Anybody that works with kids and suspect anything they must report or be penalized
  21. Steps to deal with abuse

    Go to investigate

    File dependency in court

    Court trial
  22. Guardian Ad Litum
    An adult attorney that represents child in court
  23. Testimony by Children
    Big Problem

    Solved with the use of “hear say” testimony
  24. Hear say testimony:
    An out of court statement that is introduced to prove the truth of the matter certain
Card Set
Juvenile Delinquency